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  1. 1

    Outlook 30. UNAIDS outlook report 2011.

    Joint United Nations Programme on HIV / AIDS [UNAIDS]

    Geneva, Switzerland, UNAIDS, 2011. [236] p.

    30 years into the AIDS epidemic, 30 milestones, thoughts, images, words, artworks, breakthroughs, inspirations, and ideas in response.
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  2. 2

    Reclaiming the ABCs: the creation and evolution of the ABC approach.

    Hardee K; Gribble J; Weber S; Manchester T; Wood M

    Washington, D.C., Population Action International, 2008. [16] p.

    This report was developed through review of the early literature on HIV/AIDS policies and programs in non-industrialized countries and of media material promoting prevention of heterosexual transmission of HIV in those countries. Material from the early days of the epidemic was difficult to obtain. Most materials were long ago archived or are in personal files in "basements". While the report focuses on the experiences of three countries, it also examines the early responses of international organizations to HIV in many other developing countries. Additional data were obtained using a snowball sampling technique through which the authors contacted people who had worked in HIV/AIDS prevention strategies. The pool of respondents is not intended to be exhaustive, but the respondents provide important voices of those working in the developing world at the beginning of the epidemic.
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  3. 3

    The road to global reproductive health. Reproductive health and rights on the international agenda, 1968-2003.

    Perrow F

    [London, England], EuroNGOs, Better Communication Project, 2003. 19 p.

    The right to access family planning and safe motherhood and protection against sexually transmitted infections such as HIV/AIDS, should be available to all women, men and adolescents worldwide. Unfortunately these reproductive health rights do not come about automatically. Nor do they occur naturally with social or economic development. Governments do not spontaneously include these vital health rights and measures in their spending plans, even though there is a wealth of evidence to support the economic, social, health and human rights rationale in doing so. The most powerful tool to cut across opposition and to create a global mainstream movement for action is to have it enshrined within a United Nations (UN) declaration or programme of action. The UN is the one global body that represents the voice of nations and commands the respect of governments worldwide. Many of the economic and social transformations that have taken place globally in the last five decades have been significantly affected in their direction and shape by the work of the UN. (excerpt)
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  4. 4

    History and background.

    Carballo M

    In: Sexual behaviour and AIDS in the developing world, edited by John Cleland and Benoit Ferry. London, England, Taylor and Francis, 1995. 1-9. (Social Aspects of AIDS)

    When the Special Program on AIDS of the World Health Organization (WHO), later to become the Global Program on AIDS (GPA), formally came into being in January 1987, the following main areas of activity were proposed: the mobilization of interest and resources, the provision of collaborative support to national action, and the promotion of global research and interventions. These areas of interest reflected what were seen as the main international needs at the time. As the levels of activity within these areas grew, the global research component was further broken down and units focusing upon social and behavioral research, biomedical research, epidemiology and surveillance, and health promotion were established. Until that point, much of the research which had been done on AIDS had been mainly in the biomedical domain. Six years into the pandemic, there remained a dearth of systematically gathered information on the psychosocial factors affecting HIV transmission and what implications they might have for society and public health in general. With regard to the establishment of the WHO's Global Program on AIDS (GPA) Social and Behavioral Research Unit, the author discusses the development of activities, methodology, regional organization, and technical and financial support.
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