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    Health ethics and the law.

    Connor SS; Fuenzalida-Puelma HL

    WORLD HEALTH. 1989 Apr; 10-3.

    Health ethics is comprised of bioethics (ethics relating to the advances of science and technology) and medical ethics (ethics related to the practice of medicine). Some of these ethical standards are strictly moral guideposts, although laws are increasingly enforcing a greater number of the current health ethics. International public health law began in 1851 with sanitary regulations for dealing with cholera, plague, and yellow fever. The International Medical Congress in 1867 and the Geneva Convention of 1864 worked to establish and solidify medical ethics and the World Medical Association in 1949 adopted the International Code of Medical Ethics. Guidelines for research on human subjects were established in 1982. The World Health Assembly consistently asserts that health is fundamental to the attainment of peace and security. Health legislation, however, has not been very active in the field of ethics, with the exception of the Global Programme on AIDS. This avoidance is due in part to the inevitable clash between science and politics if medical ethics as a whole were addressed by WHO. WHO, however, does have a duty to promote discussion and debate at an international level on such a topic.
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