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  1. 1

    Evaluation of the UNFPA support to family planning 2008-2013. Evaluation Brief.

    United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]

    New York, Evaluation Office, United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA], 2016. 24 p.

    This evaluation focuses on how UNFPA performed in the area of family planning during the period covered by the UNFPA Strategic Plan 2008-2013. It provides valuable insights and learning which can be used to inform the current UNFPA family planning strategy as well as other relevant programmes, including UNFPA Supplies (2013-2020). All the countries where UNFPA works in family planning were included, but the evaluation focuses on the 69 priority countries identified in the 2012 London Summit on Family Planning as having low rates of contraceptive use and high unmet needs. The evaluation took place in 2014-2016 and was conducted by Euro Health Group in collaboration with the Royal Tropical Institute Netherlands. It involved a multidisciplinary team of senior evaluators and family planning and sexual and reproductive health and rights specialists, which was supervised and guided by the Evaluation Office in consultation with the Evaluation Reference Group. The outputs include a thematic evaluation report, an evaluation brief and country case study notes for Bolivia, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Ethiopia and Zimbabwe.
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  2. 2

    Integrating sexual health interventions into reproductive health services: programme experience from developing countries.

    de Koning K; Hawkes S; Hilber AM; Waelkens MP; Colombini M

    Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organization [WHO], 2005. [85] p. (Sexual Health Document Series)

    In 1994, at the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD, 1994), 184 countries reached a landmark consensus on the need for a broad, integrated approach to sexual and reproductive health. Since that time, countries have been struggling to put the concept into practice. The first challenge has been to understand the broad concept of sexual and reproductive health, in order to identify the service interventions that should be added to an existing reproductive health (RH) or maternal and child health (MCH) programme to make it a sexual and reproductive health (SRH) programme. The second, more difficult, challenge has been to develop feasible, acceptable and cost effective strategies for providing these services within the existing, poorly resourced, primary health care programme base. To create SRH programmes, reproductive health services have to be expanded to better address sexual health. SRH programmes need to give attention to broader determinants of healthy sexuality and well-being. A recent WHO publication, Conceptual framework for programming in sexual health, offers a sexual health approach to service design and implementation. It stresses the need to recognize that not all sexual activity is for reproduction, and that other motivational factors, such as pleasure or a sense of obligation, are often more important determinants of individual sexual health and well being. To improve sexual health, programmes must address sexuality throughout the lifespan, from adolescence to old age, for both men and women. They must also recognize the role of power in sexual relationships and how it affects people's ability to make decisions about their own bodies and sexual life, free from violence, discrimination and stigma. Individual decision-making and the ability to make informed choices can also be limited by social, cultural and legal barriers. Broad sexual and reproductive health care services must recognize and begin to address these constraints through targeted interventions. (excerpt)
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  3. 3

    Bush's other war: the assault on women's reproductive and sexual health and rights.

    International Women's Health Coalition [IWHC]

    New York, New York, IWHC, 2003 Feb. 7 p.

    Internationally and domestically, in our courts and in our schools, at the UN and on Capitol Hill, it is no exaggeration to say that the White House is conducting a stealth war against women. This war has devastating consequences for social and economic development, democracy, and human rights—and its effects will be felt by women and girls worldwide. (excerpt)
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  4. 4

    Youth brought energy and sex talk to the Prepcom.

    Malpani S

    WEDO NEWS AND VIEWS. 1999 May; 12(1):6.

    A Youth Forum organized by the United Nations Population Fund in collaboration with the World Population Foundation and the Dutch Council on Youth and Population brought together 132 young people from 108 countries. Some 20 of them formed a Youth Coalition and made it to the International Conference on Population Development (ICPD+5) PrepCom in March. They held press conferences, proposed amendments to the draft text based on the final report of the Youth forum, lobbied diplomats, and joined the Women's coalition. They gained the attention of the media and demanded that governments recognize the reproductive rights of young people as human rights, that sexual health services and education be provided to youth, and that at least 20% of donor allocations to reproductive health programs be earmarked for their needs. However, the youth did not totally succeed in their campaign because right-wing groups contested most proposals related to adolescent reproductive and sexual health education.
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  5. 5

    Interpreting reproductive health: ICPD Plus 5 Forum, The Hague, 8-12 February 1999.

    World Health Organization [WHO]. Department of Reproductive Health and Research

    Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, 1999. [4], 28 i. (WHO/CHS/RHR/99.7)

    The WHO has contributed significantly to the technical discussions on reproductive health. In preparation for the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), WHO has defined the concept, summarize the available epidemiological evidence, identify the range of conditions that comprise reproductive health, and outline principles of care. To implement the ICPD Program of Action, WHO itself has made a number of important structural changes so that it is now better positioned to support countries in confronting the challenges of implementing the reproductive health agenda of the ICPD. Behind the concept, people have different interpretations of reproductive health; to elaborate, reproductive health refers to a spectrum of conditions, events and processes through life, ranging from healthy sexual development, comfort and closeness and the joys of childbearing, to abuse, disease, disability and death. The ICPD refers to reproductive health as an approach that tackles rights, equity, empowerment, self-determination and responsibility in relationships. It is used to analyze and then respond to the needs of women and men in their sexual relationships and reproduction. In reproductive health, as with primary health care, it is necessary to define the division of labor among sectors and professions in promoting and carrying out an agenda that is as much about social justice as it is about health care.
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  6. 6

    Calling all teenagers. You need to preserve your reproductive health]

    PEOPLE. 1998 Aug-Nov; 7(3-4):22-4.

    This paper focuses on the Adolescent Reproductive Health Programme for the Caribbean, a project implemented by the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) to ensure the reproductive health and rights of adolescents in the Caribbean. The UNFPA program, which will last from 1997 to 2000, will seek to help adolescents ages 10-19 years lead healthy lives and have healthy children when the time comes by helping them gain access to the information they need to preserve their reproductive health. Through this program, the UNFPA believes that the number of unwanted teenage pregnancies and abortions will be significantly reduced. These abortions often cause irreparable damage to a girl's reproductive organs, and can even result in death. Also, too many teens are being infected with sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV/AIDS because of an early sexual intercourse and unsafe sexual practices.
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  7. 7

    NGO contributions to sexual and reproductive health and rights in Latin America. Recommendations from civil society for improved follow-up of the Cairo and Beijing commitments.

    de Schutter M; Alcala MJ

    New York, New York, United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA], 1998. [6], 27 p.

    This is a report on a regional meeting sponsored by the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) in collaboration with the Latin American and Caribbean Women's Health Network (LACWHN) and PAHO. The meeting was convened in order to draft recommendations to facilitate implementation of the agreements made at the Cairo and Beijing world conferences. This can be done, it was concluded at the meeting, by implementing or strengthening mechanisms for coordination and /or collaboration between government bodies, NGOs, and international cooperation agencies in the area of sexual and reproductive health and rights. Discussion and analysis focused mainly on the following areas: promoting sexual/reproductive rights, adolescent sexual/ reproductive health, promoting shared responsibilities/ male participation, and incorporating a gender perspective into reproductive health services. The observations and recommendations of the 50 participants are summarized.
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