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Primary health care: report of the International Conference, jointly sponsored by the World Health Organization and the United Nations Children's Fund.
Geneva, WHO, 1978. 79 p.The conference sponsored by WHO and UNICEF at Alma-Ata from September 6-12, 1978 was to promote health care in all countries, exchange information of the formation of comprehensive national health systems, evaluate world wide health situation, define principles of primary health care, define organizational roles, and formulate recommendations for development of priamry health care. More than half of the population in the world does not have proper health care. A goal of adequate primary health care for all by 2000 was established. Health activities should be undertaken concurrently with measures for improvement of nutrition, especially of mothers and children, increased production and employment, more equitable distribution of personal income, and protection and improvement of the environment. Primary health care requires development, adaptation, and application of health technology that people can use and afford. Facilities should be adapted to needs of primary health care and socioeconomic environment. National strategies must be developed, providing for community involvement, aided by multilateral agencies providing technical and financial support with respect for principles of national self reliance and self determination and maximum utilization of local resources. Government development of administrative framework at all levels for implementation, improvement, distribution, monitoring and evaluation of primary health care is necessary.