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  1. 1

    Coordination, management and utilization of foreign assistance for HIV / AIDS prevention in Vietnam. Assessment report.

    Center for Community Health Research and Development [CCRD]

    Ha Noi, Vietnam, CCRD, 2006 Oct. 82 p. (CCRD Assesssment Report)

    International assistance for HIV / AIDS prevention and control in Vietnam has significantly contributed to combating this epidemic. However, while current resources have not yet fully met the needs, the management and utilization of resources still had many limitations which affect the effectiveness of foreign assistance and investments. The independent assessment was prepared for the Conference on “the Coordination of Foreign Assistance for HIV / AIDS Prevention and Control”. Analytical assessment and comments on the management and coordination of foreign aid were made on the basis of Government’s official procedures and regulations on those issues. This research was carried out in October, 2006.
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  2. 2

    A comparative analysis of CCCD project health care financing activities.

    Dunlop DW; Evlo K

    Arlington, Virginia, John Snow [JSI], Resources for Child Health [REACH], 1988 Sep. [8], 99, [31] p. (USAID Contract No. DPE-5927-C-00-5068-00)

    Building upon smallpox and measles immunization campaigns originally supported by USAID, the Centers for Disease Control, and the World Health Organization, the African region Combatting Childhood Communicable Diseases (CCCD) Project began providing immunizations, oral rehydration therapy for children with diarrhea, and malaria prophylaxis services in 1982. The project was approved in September, 1981, for spending of $47 million through fiscal 1988, and was designed to be implemented through existing publicly operated health service delivery systems with recipient CCCD project countries helping to finance recurrent costs and providing human resources for project implementation. Accordingly, almost all country project agreements were written to ensure that country governments would provide financial support for activities through direct budget allocations, user fees, or some combination of the 2. Regular analyses of service provision were also agreed upon. The development and implementation of user fees have taken place, but the overall theoretical financial strategy has yet to be met in any country project. This document discusses financing achievements and what more is needed to ensure longer term project financial sustainability. Sections review country-specific agreements to spell out original USAID/country terms on financing components; consider the capacity of CCCD project governments to finance recurrent costs in their respective macroeconomic contexts; present highlights of a review of CCCD project financing activities; summarize an evaluation of alternative health financing options; give conclusions of analyses on the financial sustainability of CCCD project activity; and make recommendations for future USAID CCCD project support with respect to financing and economics.
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  3. 3

    Primary health care: report of the International Conference, jointly sponsored by the World Health Organization and the United Nations Children's Fund.

    International Conference on Primary Health Care (1978: Alma Ata)

    Geneva, WHO, 1978. 79 p.

    The conference sponsored by WHO and UNICEF at Alma-Ata from September 6-12, 1978 was to promote health care in all countries, exchange information of the formation of comprehensive national health systems, evaluate world wide health situation, define principles of primary health care, define organizational roles, and formulate recommendations for development of priamry health care. More than half of the population in the world does not have proper health care. A goal of adequate primary health care for all by 2000 was established. Health activities should be undertaken concurrently with measures for improvement of nutrition, especially of mothers and children, increased production and employment, more equitable distribution of personal income, and protection and improvement of the environment. Primary health care requires development, adaptation, and application of health technology that people can use and afford. Facilities should be adapted to needs of primary health care and socioeconomic environment. National strategies must be developed, providing for community involvement, aided by multilateral agencies providing technical and financial support with respect for principles of national self reliance and self determination and maximum utilization of local resources. Government development of administrative framework at all levels for implementation, improvement, distribution, monitoring and evaluation of primary health care is necessary.
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