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[Washington, D.C.], Population Reference Bureau [PRB], 2002. 3 p.In its efforts to eradicate polio from the planet, the WHO developed a public health initiative that includes routine immunization coverage, staging annual mass immunization drives, increasing surveillance for cases and wild poliovirus, and conducting door-to-door immunization in high-risk areas. In effect, the number of cases has reduced from 35,251 in 1988 to 5186 by 1997. It was noted that the success to the polio eradication strategy is attributed to: 1) selection of a virus that can be eradicated; 2) support from variety of donors and organizers; 3) global consensus regarding priority; 4) organization and transportation sufficient to reach the most remote places; 5) surveillance; and 6) low vaccine cost. However, the WHO notes that polio eradication efforts still face problems in securing access to all children, obtaining funds, and maintaining political commitment.
EPI NEWSLETTER. 1985 Jun; 7(3):1-2.The Pan American Helath Organization (PAHO) has announced a campaign to enadicate the indigenous transmission of wild polio virus from all countries of the Americas by 1990. This 5-year drive is viewed as a vital part of the broader World Health Organization Expanded program me on Immunization goal to achieve universal immunization against childhood diseases by 1990. Special vaccination strategies will be adapted to the neess of each country. suported by effective disease surveillance and control, proper laboratory support for diagnosis, and training of program managers and field epidemiologists. Program costs over the next 5 years are expected to total US$110 million, about 1/3 of which will come from donor countries. PAHO has emphasized that immunization programs should not be implemented at the expense of efforts to develop the health service infrastructure and that campaigns and national vaccination days should be viewed as ad hoc measures to be gradually replaced by routine immunization services. In the 1969-84 period, a total of 53,251 cases of polio were reported in the Americas. By 1984, 26 countries had achieved polio control.