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[Unpublished] 1991. Presented at the 119th Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association [APHA], Atlanta, Georgia, November 11-14, 1991. 46,  p.The effects of the aftermath of the August 2nd, 1990 Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, the UN Security Council imposed sanctions, and the UN military offensive against Iraq on Iraq's maternal and child health sector and its public health infrastructure are examined. A review of the UN sanctions and dates of implementation are provided. A series of international responses ensued and are described. By February 1991, Baghdad had <5% of a normal water supply and the system was in collapse. Families, particularly women and children, suffered food shortages including infant formula, burns from makeshift cooking devices, e.g., epidemiologic and disease reporting ceased, drugs and vaccines were in short supply or absent, and sanitation and sewage systems were dysfunctional. It is concluded that OAS and US action against Haiti in the form of sanctions and military action would place a tremendous burden on the poor, and it is suggested that careful consideration be given before steps are taken. Also, discussed is the modern method of conflict resolution which is fueled by weapons technology and the profit incentive. There is a called to action for developing a realistic conception framework for the study and conduct of relationships with nations. There is a need to guide change peacefully and to resolve conflict without threat to life and the public's health, human environment, and ecosystem. The modern weapons technology and the protocols allowable under the UN Charter did not accomplish this in Iraq.