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    167934

    Eradication of a disease: keys to success.

    Joyner AM; Rogers M

    [Washington, D.C.], Population Reference Bureau [PRB], 2002. 3 p.

    In its efforts to eradicate polio from the planet, the WHO developed a public health initiative that includes routine immunization coverage, staging annual mass immunization drives, increasing surveillance for cases and wild poliovirus, and conducting door-to-door immunization in high-risk areas. In effect, the number of cases has reduced from 35,251 in 1988 to 5186 by 1997. It was noted that the success to the polio eradication strategy is attributed to: 1) selection of a virus that can be eradicated; 2) support from variety of donors and organizers; 3) global consensus regarding priority; 4) organization and transportation sufficient to reach the most remote places; 5) surveillance; and 6) low vaccine cost. However, the WHO notes that polio eradication efforts still face problems in securing access to all children, obtaining funds, and maintaining political commitment.
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