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Journal of Urban Health. 2008 Mar; 85(2):151-153.In the coming decades, the global population will urbanize and age at high rates. Today, half of the world's populations lives in cities.1 By 2030, that proportion will rise to 60%, and urbanization will occur most greatly in developing countries. At the same time, the world's population aged 60 and over will double from 11% to 22% by 2050, and that growth will be concentrated in urban areas in less developed countries. All of these trends challenge public health workers, doctors, researchers, and urban planners to ensure healthy livable cities for older people. (excerpt)
Ottawa, Canada, CARE Canada, 2002.  p. (AIDS Briefing Paper: Giving Communities the Tools to Respond)CARE is focusing efforts both in HIV/AIDS prevention and impact mitigation programming. Mitigating sectoral and development threats of HIV/AIDS requires assessing its impact- and planning and implementing appropriate responses. The most direct impact of HIV/AIDS mortality and morbidity is on families and communities. This extends to reduced sectoral output and gross domestic product. Actions to break the vicious cycle are required at all levels, but actions at the sectoral level may have the most effect, because they provide services to households and generate output for the economy. Therefore, CARE is expanding community-based HIV/AIDS programming and capacity building in sectors such as agriculture, food security, basic and girls' education, emergency programs, economic development and health. (excerpt)
Provision of health services to refugees in Tanzania: a case study of Rwanda refugee camps in Kagera.
Tanzanian Journal of Population Studies and Development. 1997; 4(2):131-46.This paper examines health problems caused by the 1993 and 1994 influx of refugees in Kagera region and their impact on neighboring communities. The paper highlights the various health problems created by the influx of incoming refugees, the impact of refugees on provision of health services and examines how the region has been addressing the health needs of refugees and neighboring communities. The paper also examines the efforts of local/national and international donor agencies to provide essential health services to refugees and the general public. The need for preparedness to cope with future influxes of refugees and the dangers of continued reliance on donor support for the provision of health services are also highlighted. (author's)
Community participation in international health: practical recommendations for donor and recipient organizations.
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública / Pan American Journal of Public Health. 1999 Mar; 5(3):137-43.This article discusses the need for donor agencies and recipient organizations to involve target communities in the conceptualization, development, monitoring, and implementation of health services and programs in international health. According to the Pan American Health Organization, community participation in health programs is a key to recognize the impact of health and non-health issues to the health status of vulnerable groups. In the face of dwindling public sector dollars for health services and growing influence of commercially driven health systems, donor agencies are the important players in providing services to the at-risk populations. Donors can work closely with the formal health system and the target communities to ensure that the health priorities of the communities are addressed and that local residents are eventually empowered to take charge of their health status. This paper assumes that most donor organizations are based in industrialized countries. Given that resources are finite in both developed and developing countries, the article briefly reviews the trend of declining public funds for health systems and the increasing role for privately funded health services worldwide. Finally, it also discusses practical steps to involve local populations in community-based health planning and management in international health.
International Conference on the Implications of AIDS for Mothers and Children: technical statements and selected presentations. Jointly organized by the Government of France and the World Health Organization, Paris, 27-30 November 1989.
[Unpublished] 1991. , 64 p.The International Conference on the Implications of AIDS for Mothers and Children was organized by the World Health Organization (WHO) in cooperation with the French Government. Co-sponsors included the United Nations organizations UNDP, UNICEF, and UNESCO, along with the International Labor Organization (ILO), the World Bank, and the Council of Europe. Following assorted introductory addresses, statements by chairmen of the conference's technical working groups are presented in the paper. Working group discussion topics include virology; immunology; epidemiology; clinical management; HIV and pregnancy; diagnoses; implications for health, education, community, and social welfare systems; and economic and demographic impact. Chairman statements include an introduction, discussion of the state of current knowledge, research priorities, implications for policies and programs, and recommendations. The Paris Declaration on Women, Children and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome concluded the conference.