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  1. 1

    WHO Programme in Maternal and Child Health and Family Planning. Report of the second meeting of the WHO Programme Advisory Committee in Maternal and Child Health, Geneva, 21-25 November 1983.

    World Health Organization [WHO]. Division of Family Health. Maternal and Child Health Unit

    [Unpublished] 1984. 95 p. (MCH/84.5)

    The objectives of the 2nd meeting of the Program Advisory Committee (PAC) for the World Health Organization's (WHO's) Program in Maternal and Child Health, including Family Planning (MCH/FP) were to 1) assess the MCH/FP program's achievements since the 1st PAC meeting in June, 1982, 2) determine the level of scientific and financial resources available for the program, and 3) to examine the role of traditional birth attendants (TBAs) in the delivery of MCH/FP services. The committee reviewed the activities and targets of the program's 4 major areas (pregnancy and perinatal care, child health, growth, and development, adolescent health, and family planning and infertility), and developed a series of recommendations for each of these areas. Specific recommendations were also made for each of the major program areas in reference to the analysis and dessimination of information and to the development and use of appropriate health technologies. Upon reviewing the role of TBAs in the delivery of MCH/FP services, PAC recommended that all barriers to TBA utilization be removed and that training for TBAs should be improved and expanded. PAC's examination of financial support for MCH/FP activities revealed that for a sample of 26 countries, the average annual amount allocated to MCH activities was less than US$3/child or woman. This low level of funding must be taken into account when setting program targets. International funding agencies did indicate their willingness to increase funding levels for MCH programs. The appendices included 1) a list of participants, 2) an annotated agenda, 3) detailed information on the proposed activities of the program's headquarters for 1986-87, and 4) a description of the the function, organizational structure, and technical management of the MCH/FP program. Also included in the appendices was an overview of the current status of MCH and a series of tables providing information on infant, child, and maternal health indicators. Specifically, the tables provided information by region and by country on maternal, child, and infant mortality; causes of child deaths; maternal health care coverage; contraceptive prevalence; infant and child malnutrition; the number of low weight births; adolescent health; teenage births; breast feeding prevalence and duration; and the proportion of women and children in the population.
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  2. 2

    Health for all by the year 2000: realistic target or utopian illusion?

    Hansluwka H

    In: Mortality and health issues in Asia and the Pacific: report of a seminar held at Beijing in collaboration with the Institute of Population Research, People's University of China from 22 to 27 October 1986. New York, New York, United Nations, 1987. 133-50. (Asian Population Studies Series No. 78.; ST/ESCAP/485.)

    This paper draws up a tentative balance sheet of the attainability of the global Health For All By The Year 2000 targets in the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) region. Given a continuation of unflinching government commitments, the specific global health status and health care provision targets set for the year 2000 seem to be within reach for most countries in the ESCAP region. Exceptions are the targets for water supply and sanitation where the supply of the rural population in several countries is likely to create substantial difficulties. The attainment of equity in the distribution of health resources constitutes a serious challenge. There are some encouraging signs that throughout the ESCAP region health policies and resources are being reoriented towards the provision of health care to the vulnerable and disadvantaged. This optimistic assessment of the prospects owes a good deal to the "conservative" targets set by the World Health Organization as well as to the impressive advances made by the majority of countries on a broad range of economic and social development activities such as food production, industrial output, education, family planning, and welfare. The global strategy does not purport to portray a health scenario for the year 2000 from which to deduce regional or national priorities and tasks. The targets set are not a substitute for national analysis and health trend projection. Seen from a regional perspective, the value and relevance of the Health For All strategy lies in the political field with its emphasis on national and international equity. Basing itself on the moral authority of the world health community, the great social policy issues of health as a fundamental human right are set out and the health sector assigned its proper place in national development efforts for a better and more human life.
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  3. 3

    Final report.

    Regional Seminar on the Delivery of Maternal and Child Health and Family Planning within Primary Health Care (1976: Manila)

    Manila, World Health Organization, Nov. 1976. 72 p.

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