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  1. 1

    Children and the Millennium Development Goals. Progress towards a world fit for children.


    New York, New York, UNICEF, 2007 Dec. [97] p.

    Five years after the Special Session, more than 120 countries and territories have prepared reports on their efforts to meet the goals of 'A World Fit for Children' (WFFC). Most have developed these in parallel with reports on the Millennium Development Goals, carrying out two complementary exercises. Reports on the Millennium Development Goals highlight progress in poverty reduction and the principal social indicators, while the World Fit for Children reports go into greater detail on some of the same issues, such as education and child survival. But they also extend their coverage to child protection, which is less easy to track with numerical indicators. The purpose of this document is to assemble some of the information contained in these reports, along with the latest global data - looking at what has been done and what remains to be done. It is therefore organized around the four priority areas identified in A World Fit for Children, discussing each within the overall framework of the Millennium Development Goals. To appreciate the achievements for children over the past two decades, it is also useful to reflect briefly on how their world has changed. Children born in 1989, the year when the Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted, are now on the brink of adulthood. They have lived through a remarkable period of social, political and economic transformation. (excerpt)
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  2. 2

    Progress for children: a report card on water and sanitation. Number 5.


    New York, New York, UNICEF, 2006 Sep. 33 p.

    Water is as fundamental to human life as the air we breathe. Yet, ironically, this essence of life can have an injurious impact if its source is not free from pollution and infection -- and the most likely pollutant is human faeces that have not been disposed of and have spread because of a lack of basic sanitation and hygiene. Young children are more vulnerable than any other age group to the ill effects of unsafe water, insufficient quantities of water, poor sanitation and lack of hygiene. Globally, 10.5 million children under the age of five die every year, with most of these deaths occurring in developing countries. Lack of safe water, sanitation and adequate hygiene contribute to the leading killers of children under five, including diarrhoeal diseases, pneumonia, neonatal disorders and undernutrition. This means that Millennium Development Goal 7 -- to ensure environmental sustainability -- and its associated 2015 targets of reducing by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation are of vital relevance to children. MDG 7 is also crucial in relation to improving nutrition, education and women's status, and success in this field will thus play a major role in determining whether the world meets its MDG targets across the board. (excerpt)
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  3. 3

    Access to toilets, a gender problem.

    Warah R

    Habitat Debate. 2005 Mar; 11(1):[2] p..

    Access to adequate sanitation in urban areas remains one of the most under-funded and undervalued development objectives among the international community. Although Millennium Development Goal 7, Target 11 broadly refers to improving the lives of slum dwellers by 2020, and Target 10 talks of improving access to safe drinking water, not one of the other targets specifically talk of improving sanitation. It was only at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002 that access to sanitation was finally recognized as an internationally agreed target. The Summit agreed to “halve, by 2015, the proportion of people who do not have access to basic sanitation”. UN-HABITAT, in recognition of this important target, has also incorporated it in its slum definition, and will be monitoring this target as part of its global monitoring of slum conditions. National statistics on access to sanitation also under-rate and understate the problem. Hundreds of millions of urban dwellers, “with sanitation facilities” only have access to a poorly-maintained latrine shared with dozens of other people often outside their homes. (excerpt)
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  4. 4

    PRSPs (Poverty reduction strategy papers): their significance for health: second synthesis report.

    Dodd R; Hinshelwood E; Harvey C

    Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organization [WHO], 2004. 28 p. (WHO/HDP/PRSP/04.1)

    The study had two main areas of enquiry. First, to what extent is improved health seen to play a role in poverty reduction? This involves looking at the relative priority given to health in the overall PRSP, including its budget, and examining where health fits, conceptually, within the definition of poverty. Second, to what extent does the health component of a PRSP identify, and propose strategies to meet, the specific health needs of poor people? This involves a much closer analysis of the health components of PRSPs: the targets they set, the strategies they outline, and the monitoring mechanisms they propose. (excerpt)
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  5. 5

    Schistosomiasis control [letter]

    Savioli L; Engels D; Roungou JB; Fenwick A; Endo H

    Lancet. 2004 Feb 21; 363(9409):658.

    A lengthy policy article on schistosomiasis control surely represents a sign of renewed interest in the control and research on this disease. However, we would like to complement the article with a few issues to clarify the current WHO policy and the commitment of the Schistosomiasis Control Initiative (SCI) to sustained control of morbidity due to schistosomiasis. Jürg Utzinger and colleagues state that World Health Assembly (WHA) resolution 54.19 does not contain recommendations for preventive measures. We would like to point out that the resolution does recommend preventive measures. It urges WHO Member States “to promote access to safe water, sanitation and health education through intersectoral collaboration” and “to ensure that any development activity likely to favour the emergence or spread of parasitic diseases is accompanied by preventive measures to limit their impact”. WHO welcomes the international momentum in favour of provision of clean water and sanitation which will eventually lead to long-term transmission control, provided sufficient quantities of safe water are made available in transmission areas so that individual households will have safe water for daily activities other than their needs for drinking and cooking. (excerpt)
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