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Consultation on strategic information and HIV prevention among most-at-risk adolescents. 2-4 September 2009, Geneva. Consultation report.
New York, New York, UNICEF, 2010. 65 p.The Consultation on Strategic Information and HIV Prevention among Most-at-Risk Adolescents (MARA) focused on experiences in countries where HIV infection is concentrated among men who have sex with men (MSM), injecting drug users (IDUs), and those who sell sex. The meeting facilitated the exchange of information across regions on country-level data collection regarding MARA; identified ways to use strategic information to improve HIV prevention among MARA; and suggested ways to build support for MARA programming among decision-makers.
Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organization [WHO], 2007.  p. (WHO Discussion Papers on Adolescence; Issues in Adolescent Health and Development)The World Health Organization (WHO) has been contributing to meeting the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by according priority attention to issues pertaining to the management of adolescent pregnancy. Three of the aims of the MDGs - empowerment of women, promotion of maternal health, and reduction of child mortality - embody WHO's key priorities and its policy framework for poverty reduction. The UN Special Session on Children has focused on some of the key issues affecting adolescents' rights, including early marriage, access to sexual and reproductive health services, and care for pregnant adolescents. This review of the literature was conducted to identify (1) the major factors affecting the pregnancy outcome among adolescents, related to their physical immaturity and inappropriate or inadequate healthcare-seeking behaviour, and (2) the socioeconomic and political barriers that influence their access to health-care services and information. The review also presents programmatic evidence of feasible measures that can be taken at the household, community and national levels to improve pregnancy outcomes among adolescents. (excerpt)
[Geneva, Switzerland], World Health Organization [WHO], Commission on Social Determinants of Health, Measurement and Evidence Knowledge Network, 2006 May. 29 p.In 2005, the Director General of the WHO set up a global Commission on the Social Determinants of Health (CSDH). The objective of the Commission was to achieve policy change by learning from existing knowledge about the social determinants of health (SDH) and turning that learning into global and national political and economic action. To facilitate the learning a number of Knowledge Networks (KNs) were established by WHO to synthesize knowledge about the social determinants of health. This paper has been prepared by one of those knowledge networks viz. the Measurement and Evidence Knowledge Network. The purpose of this paper is to articulate a series of methodological, theoretical and epistemological principles that will help to inform the development of the evidence base about the social determinants of health which all the Knowledge Networks will be working to construct. (excerpt)
International Journal for Equity in Health. 2002 Apr 22; 1(1): p..The purposes of this bibliography are to present an overview of the published literature on equity in health and to summarize key articles relevant to the mission of the International Society for Equity in Health (ISEqH). The intent is to show the directions being taken in health equity research including theories, methods, and interventions to understand the genesis of inequities and their remediation. Therefore, the bibliography includes articles from the health equity literature that focus on mechanisms by which inequities in health arise and approaches to reducing them where and when they exist. (author's)
Introduction and methods: assessing the environmental burden of disease at national and local levels.
Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organization [WHO], 2003.  p. (Environmental Burden of Disease Series No. 1)The objective of the guides is to provide practical information to countries on how to assess what fraction of a national or subnational disease burden is attributable to an environmental risk factor. To assess the disease burden of a risk factor, the harmful effects of the risk factor on human health must be estimated fully, as well as the distribution of the harmful effects in the population. Any estimates and assumptions used in the assessment should be stated explicitly. The outcome of the assessment is information that can be used: to guide policies and strategies both in the health sector and in the environmental sector; to monitor health risks; and to analyse the cost-effectiveness of interventions. For example, the information can highlight the contribution of major environmental risk factors to the total disease burden of a country or study population. Or, it can be used to estimate changes in the disease burden and avoidable disease burden, following interventions to reduce an environmental risk factor or to change behaviour. (excerpt)