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  1. 1
    314844

    Churches in the lead on HIV prevention reinvigoration.

    Mane P

    Contact. 2006 Aug; (182):4-5.

    Saving lives is the paramount goal of all HIV programmes. Successful HIV prevention programmes utilize all approaches known to be effective, not implementing one or a few select actions in isolation. These include promoting sexual abstinence, fidelity among married couple and the use of condoms for those who are not in a position to abstain or be faithful. It also includes ensuring that injecting drug users have access to clean needles and syringes as well as programmes supporting them to stop drug use. The strategies also include assurance that HIV-positive pregnant women receive treatment to prevent HIV transmission to the child. These strategies (See insert) were endorsed by the UNAIDS board last year and provide the framework for re-energizing HIV prevention globally. (excerpt)
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  2. 2
    298969

    AIDS / HIV - when the state fails: NGOs in grassroots AIDS care.

    Chikwendu E

    Dialectical Anthropology. 2004; 28(3-4):245-259.

    In the past quarter century HIV/AIDS has intensified poverty and suffering world wide, more so in underdeveloped countries and poor neighborhoods of cities within industrial nations. UNAIDS and WHO estimate that 40-60 million people are living with the disease worldwide. The poorest nations in Africa and the Caribbean in which HIV/AIDS have spread most rapidly also live under political, social and economic insecurity. For example, Haiti has experienced a brief civil war and a hurricane disaster in 2004; however, AIDS is the leading cause of death for adults, accounting for 5.9% of deaths and 20% of deaths among adult women. Many of the poorest African countries have also suffered concomitantly from civil wars and high HIV/AIDS prevalence. In the 1980s when Uganda had a civil war, this country was the epicenter of the pandemic world-wide, with an adult HIV prevalence of 30%. Liberia ended her civil war in 2003 and currently records an HIV prevalence of 8.2%. Sierra Leone also had a civil war which ended officially in 2002 with HIV/AIDS prevalence among the army of 46% and a rise in prevalence among the general population. Finally Rwanda emerged from civil war, genocide and mass dislocation in the 1990s and records 11.2% of adult prevalence. The economic crises from poor countries arose from "weak agricultural growth, a decline in industrial output, poor export production, high debt and deteriorating social indicators and institutions." Botswana with 35% prevalence and South Africa with 25% prevalence, though relatively more prosperous, continue to be weighed down by the legacy of apartheid in the form of a high migrant labor system and disruption of family life. (excerpt)
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