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    Demographic indicators in selected South-East Asian countries: an overview.

    [Unpublished] [1997]. [21] p.

    The South-East Asia region is one of the most diverse and populous in the world. At midyear 1990, the total population of the world was estimated to be 5.3 billion people, of which 1.3 billion (24.6%) lived in the eleven countries of the South- East Asia region. During the next ten years it is expected to grow by 256.6 million, thus making up 25.3% of the world total (Health situation in south-east Asia 1991). The World Health Organization, WHO which is a pioneer organization working in the field of health. In May 1997 in the Thirtieth World Health Assembly adopted resolution WHA 30.43 in which it decided that the main social target of government and of WHO in the coming decades should be the attainment by all the people of the world by the year 2000 of a level of health that will permit them to lead a socially and economically productive life. This is popularly known as ‘health for all by the year 2000 ‘. What does ‘health for all’ mean? It means simply the realization of WHO’s objective of the ‘the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health” and that as a minimum all people in all countries should have at least such a level of health that they are capable of working productively and of participating actively in the social life of the community in which they live. To attain such a level of health every individual should have access to primary health care and through it to all levels of a comprehensive health system. While the communities might be expected to have a similar general understanding of the meaning of health for all as outlined above, each country will interpret this meaning in the light of its social and economic characteristics, health status and morbidity patterns of its population, and state of development of its health system. In 1978 an International conference on Primary Health Care was held in Alma-Ata, USSR. This conference, which declared that primary health care is the key to attaining health for all, it emphasized that health development is essential for social and economic development, that the means for attaining them are intimately linked, and the action to improve the health and socioeconomic situation should be regarded as mutually supportive rather than competitive. The Declaration of Alma-Ata urged all government to formulate national policies, stategies and plans of action to launch and sustain primary health care as part of a comprehensive national health system and in coordination with other sectors. In the 1979, the Thirty-second World Health Assembly launched the Global Strategy for health for all when it adopted resolution WHA32.30.The Global Strategy indicates the broad lines of action to be taken I the health sector and in related social and economic sectors. It provided global targets to be considered by member states, taking into account their own socioeconomic and health situation and bearing in mind that all countries are aiming at the same targets for the year 2000. (excerpt)
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