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Lancet. 2016 Jan 30; 387:416.If breastfeeding did not already exist, someone who invented it today would deserve a dual Nobel Prize in medicine and economics. For while “breast is best” for lifelong health, it is also excellent economics. Breastfeeding is a child's first inoculation against death, disease, and poverty, but also their most enduring investment in physical, cognitive, and social capacity. The evidence on breastfeeding leaves no doubt that it is a smart and cost-effective investment in a more prosperous future. Let’s ensure that every child -- and every nation -- can reap the benefits of breastfeeding. (Excerpts) Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.
Atlas of eHealth country profiles 2013. eHealth and innovation in women's and children's health. Based on the findings of the 2013 survey of ColA countries by the WHO Global Observatory for eHealth.
Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, 2014.  p.This atlas is based on the 2013 WHO / ITU joint survey that explored the use of eHealth for women’s and children’s health in countries targeted by the Commission on Information and Accountability for Women’s and Children’s Health (CoIA). The objective of the country profiles is to describe the status in 2013 of the use of ICT for women’s and children’s health in 64 responding CoIA countries. This is a unique reference source for policy makers and others involved in planning and implementing eHealth services in countries.
eHealth and innovation in women's and children's health: A baseline review. Based on the findings of the 2013 survey of CoIA countries by the WHO Global Observatory for eHealth. Executive summary.
[Geneva, Switzerland], WHO, 2014.  p. (WHO/HIS/KER/EHL/14.1)Improving the health of women and children is a global health imperative, reflected in two of the most compelling Millennium Development Goals which seek specifically to reduce maternal and infant deaths by 2015. This joint report by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), based on a 64-country survey, demonstrates -- as never before in such detail -- the vital role that information and communication technologies (ICTs) and particularly eHealth are playing today in helping achieve those targets. It demonstrates how, every day, eHealth is saving the lives of women, their babies and infants in the some of the most vulnerable populations around the world, in a wide variety of innovative ways.
Essential medicines for mothers and children: a key element of health systems. Access to medicines and public pharmaceutical policy.
Entre Nous. 2009; (68):14-15.Medicines, when used appropriately, are one of the most cost effective interventions in health care. European countries spend an important part of their health budget on medicines, from 12% on average for the EU countries to more than 30% for the Newly Independent States (NIS) countries. Whereas in EU countries the larger part of the medicines expenditures are publicly funded through taxes and/or social health insurance, in the NIS and in the south eastern European countries it is often the patients who have to pay directly for the drugs themselves. This means that many patients simply do not get the drugs they need because they cannot afford them, and also may force families to incur enormous expenses as they sell their belongings in order to pay for their drugs and their health care.
New York, New York, UNICEF, 2008 May. 54 p.Every year, the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) publishes The State of the World's Children, the most comprehensive and authoritative report on the world's youngest citizens. The State of the World's Children 2008, published in January 2008, examines the global realities of maternal and child survival and the prospects for meeting the health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) - the targets set by the world community in 2000 for eradicating poverty, reducing child and maternal mortality, combating disease, ensuring environmental sustainability and providing access to affordable medicines in developing countries. This year, UNICEF is also publishing the inaugural edition of The State of Africa's Children. This volume and other forthcoming regional editions complement The State of the World's Children 2008, sharpening from a worldwide to a regional perspective the global report's focus on trends in child survival and health, and outlining possible solutions - by means of programmes, policies and partnerships - to accelerate progress in meeting the Millennium Development Goals. (excerpt)
Public-private partnerships: Managing contracting arrangements to strengthen the Reproductive and Child Health Programme in India. Lessons and implications from three case studies.
Geneva, Switzerland, World Health Organization [WHO], 2007.  p.Strengthening management capacity and meeting the need for reproductive and child health (RCH) services is a major challenge for the national RCH program of India. Central and state governments are using multiple options to meet this challenge, responding to the complex issues in RCH, which include social, cultural and economic factors and reflect the immense geographical barriers to access for remote and rural population. Other barriers are also being addressed, including lessening financial burdens and creating public-private partnerships to expand access. For example, the National Rural Health Mission was initiated in order to focus on rural populations, although departments of health face a number of challenges in implementing this initiative. In this document, we focus on a key area: the development of management capacity for working with the private sector. We synthesize the lessons learnt from three case studies of public-private partnerships in RCH: two are state initiatives, in Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh, and the third is the national mother nongovernmental organization scheme. The case studies were conducted to determine how management capacity was developed in these three public-private partnerships in service delivery, by examining the structure and process of partnerships, understanding management capacity and competence in various public-private partnerships in RCH, and identifying the means for developing the management capacity of partners. (author's)
New York, New York, UNICEF, 2007 Dec.  p.Five years after the Special Session, more than 120 countries and territories have prepared reports on their efforts to meet the goals of 'A World Fit for Children' (WFFC). Most have developed these in parallel with reports on the Millennium Development Goals, carrying out two complementary exercises. Reports on the Millennium Development Goals highlight progress in poverty reduction and the principal social indicators, while the World Fit for Children reports go into greater detail on some of the same issues, such as education and child survival. But they also extend their coverage to child protection, which is less easy to track with numerical indicators. The purpose of this document is to assemble some of the information contained in these reports, along with the latest global data - looking at what has been done and what remains to be done. It is therefore organized around the four priority areas identified in A World Fit for Children, discussing each within the overall framework of the Millennium Development Goals. To appreciate the achievements for children over the past two decades, it is also useful to reflect briefly on how their world has changed. Children born in 1989, the year when the Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted, are now on the brink of adulthood. They have lived through a remarkable period of social, political and economic transformation. (excerpt)
Food and Nutrition Bulletin. 2004; 25 Suppl 1:S5-S14.The rationale for developing a new international growth reference derived principally from a Working Group on infant growth established by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1990. It recommended an approach that described how children should grow rather than describing how children grow; that an international sampling frame be used to highlight the similarity in early childhood growth among diverse ethnic groups; that modern analytical methods be exploited; and that links among anthropometric assessments and functional outcomes be included to the fullest possible extent. Upgrading international growth references to resemble standards more closely will assist in monitoring and attaining a wide variety of international goals related to health and other aspects of social equity. In addition to providing scientifically robust tools, a new reference based on a global sample of children whose health needs are met will provide a useful advocacy tool to health-care providers and others with interests in promoting child health. (author's)
Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, 2004.  p.The WHO Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development (CAH) promotes the survival, health, growth and development of children and adolescents from birth up to 19 years. The structure of the Department, and its guiding principles, are intended to support progress towards this goal. CAH is organized into four teams, three of which address research and development across the life-course – neonatal and infant health and development, child health and development, and adolescent health and development. The fourth team provides technical support to partners, regions and countries. This structure allows the Department to apply a public health approach to health and development, within a lifecourse framework. CAH activities follow a well-defined cycle: research; development of strategies, tools, standards and guidelines; and support for their introduction, monitoring and evaluation in countries. The approach ensures that countries are assisted in their efforts to implement interventions and strategies proven by research, and that experience of implementation stimulates and defines research and development priorities. This report highlights activities undertaken and progress made by CAH during the 2002–2003 biennium. It is organized according to the structure of the Department, with one chapter for each research and development team. Relevant technical support is described at the end of each chapter. Documents and articles published during the biennium are listed in the annexes. (excerpt)
Global HealthLink. 2001 Jul-Aug; (110):2.The United Nations has just held its first-ever General Assembly special session dedicated to a health issue: HIV/AIDS. It’s about time. After years of denial and delay, the world is finally beginning to confront the burgeoning crisis of AIDS. The political commitment and massive infusion of resources that the public health community has called for over the past decade—the same resources that would be taken for granted in a more traditional war—are finally a real possibility. But we must remind these leaders that global health is a multi-front war. Other health challenges tend to fall into the shadows when a particularly frightening enemy like AIDS is in the spotlight. Let us not lose sight of the broader picture that will define the state of humankind in the 21st century. In particular, let us return the world’s attention to the health and survival of children. (excerpt)
Global HealthLink. 2001 Jul-Aug; (110):7.The United Nations General Assembly will convene a Special Session on Children Sept. 19-21 in New York City. At this decade-review of the goals set at the 1990 World Summit for Children, world leaders will come together to discuss the progress that has been made and the work that still remains in assuring child health and survival. A new plan of action to be followed globally will help to ensure the improvement of the health of children around the world. Organizations focusing on a wide variety of children’s issues will be involved in the special session both directly and indirectly. Although most groups will not be represented in their own country’s delegation, there are many actions that nonprofit and private voluntary organizations can take to affect the outcomes of the meeting and consequently make a difference in the lives of children worldwide. (excerpt)
The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights. A young person's guide.
London, England, International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF], .  p.You should be given wide-ranging and easy to understand information on sexual and reproductive issues that will let you feel comfortable with yourself, your body and your sexuality. This information should enable you to make your own decisions about your sexual and reproductive health. You should be given this information without being judged or being made to feel embarrassed or guilty. Everyone has the right to receive an education. You should not be denied education simply because you are a girl, are poor or have a disability. If you become pregnant or have children you still have the right to go to school. (excerpt)
Building a world fit for children. The United Nations General Assembly Special Session on Children, 8-10 May 2002.
New York, New York, UNICEF, 2003 Apr. 23 p.Inspired by the passion and vision of these young people, the General Assembly reached agreement on ‘A World Fit for Children’, a rigorous plan for promoting healthy lives, providing quality basic education, combating HIV/AIDS and protecting children from abuse, exploitation and violence – in short, a plan for building a world truly fit for all children. The document provides time-bound commitments, reinforces the Millennium Development Goals and endorses the nearly 95 million Say Yes for Children pledges generated by the Global Movement for Children (GMC) around the world. (excerpt)