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  1. 1
    188598

    Sport for development and peace: towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals. Report from the United Nations Inter-Agency Task Force on Sport for Development and Peace.

    United Nations. Inter-Agency Task Force on Sport for Development and Peace

    New York, New York, United Nations, 2003. vi, 36 p.

    This report analyses in detail the potential contribution that sport can make towards achieving the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It provides an overview of the growing role that sports activities are playing in many United Nations programmes and crystallizes the lessons learned. It also includes recommendations aimed at maximizing and mainstreaming the use of sport. (excerpt)
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  2. 2
    068455

    AIDS in India: constructive chaos?

    Chatterjee A

    HEALTH FOR THE MILLIONS. 1991 Aug; 17(4):20-3.

    Until recently, the only sustained AIDS activity in India has been alarmist media attention complemented by occasional messages calling for comfort and dignity. Public perception of the AIDS epidemic in India has been effectively shaped by mass media. Press reports have, however, bolstered awareness of the problem among literate elements of urban populations. In the absence of sustained guidance in the campaign against AIDS, responsibility has fallen to voluntary health activists who have become catalysts for community awareness and participation. This voluntary initiative, in effect, seems to be the only immediate avenue for constructive public action, and signals the gradual development of an AIDS network in India. Proceedings from a seminar in Ahmedabad are discussed, and include plans for an information and education program targeting sex workers, health and communication programs for 150 commercial blood donors and their agents, surveillance and awareness programs for safer blood and blood products, and dialogue with the business community and trade unions. Despite the lack of coordination among volunteers and activists, every major city in India now has an AIDS group. A controversial bill on AIDS has ben circulating through government ministries and committees since mid-1989, a national AIDS committee exists with the Secretary of Health as its director, and a 3-year medium-term national plan exists for the reduction of AIDS and HIV infection and morbidity. UNICEF programs target mothers and children for AIDS awareness, and blood testing facilities are expected to be expanded. The article considers the present chaos effectively productive in forcing the Indian population to face up to previously taboo issued of sexuality, sex education, and sexually transmitted disease.
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  3. 3
    044837

    The importance of voluntarism.

    Sadik N

    POPULI. 1986; 13(4):14-22.

    The United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) and other concerned parties in the field of development see family planning as a vital and inherent part of development planning. In almost all countries, there exists a large proportion of women, particularly women in rural areas, whose need for access to family planning remains unmet. The UNFPA has supported efforts for the acceptability and adoption of voluntary family planning in 122 developing countries. For family planning programs to succeed, they must be responsive to the needs of the people and must win understanding and support. Uncontrolled, unwanted female fertility prevents women from being able to participate more fully in the development process of their communities and societies. To make a free and informed decision on family planning a woman must be aware of the powerful influence that her own fertility exerts on the family health and welfare. Inducements to reduce fertility range in degree of voluntarism from those that allow complete free choice to those that seem to place quite strong pressures on individuals. Governments have the responsibility to protect the interests of both individuals and society as a whole. Despite the problems that are faced in defining what specifically constitutes voluntarism, there is widespread agreement that couples' rights of choice should not be compromised.
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