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Unkept promises: what the numbers say about poverty and gender. An international citizen's progress report on poverty eradication and gender equity. Advance Social Watch report 2005.
Montevideo, Uruguay, Social Watch, 2005. 114 p. (Social Watch Report)Almost five years have passed since the largest gathering ever of heads of State and government made this solemn promise to the peoples of the world: "we will spare no effort to free our fellow men, women and children from the abject and dehumanizing conditions of extreme poverty."1 Almost ten years have passed since the leaders of the world solemnly committed themselves in Copenhagen "to the goal of eradicating poverty in the world, through decisive national actions and international cooperation, as an ethical, social, political and economic imperative of humankind."2 This is an ambitious agenda. So much so that it was compared by many leaders to the historic task of slavery abolition in the 19th century. Inspired by the Copenhagen Declaration and the complementary Beijing Platform for Action towards gender equity, 3 citizen groups from all over the world came together to form the Social Watch network. Every year since then, Social Watch has published a comprehensive report monitoring the governments' compliance with their international commitments. The findings of the national Social Watch coalitions in over 60 countries and the analysis of the available indicators coincide: the promises have remained largely unmet. Unless substantial changes are put in place soon, the targets set for the year 2015 will not be achieved. (excerpt)
New York, New York, Human Rights Watch, 2002 Dec. 50 p. (Afghanistan Vol. 14, No. 11)Recommendations sections immediately following and toward the end of the report set out in more detail how the process of promoting human rights, including rights for women and girls, can be put back on track. This report is based on more than 120 interviews conducted in Herat city and Kabul between September and November 2002. Names and identifying details of many of those interviewed cannot be printed here because of concerns for their security. After Human Rights Watch visited Herat in September 2002, Ismail Khan ordered his security forces to identify and interrogate people who spoke with us. We have also received reports that Ismail Khan’s forces have threatened women whom they believe spoke with us—an indication of the level of intimidation and repression in western Afghanistan. (excerpt)
INTEGRATION. 1999 Summer; (60):27.The recent years of Nigeria's transition to democracy and civil governance led to the imposition of international sanctions against the country. Those sanctions deprived Nigeria of much needed international support and technical assistance to development efforts. Therefore since the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), Nigeria has not been as successful as it would like to have been in implementing the ICPD program of action. The abrupt withdrawal of donor support adversely affected the country's National Population Program, although the impact would have been worse without the ongoing support of the UNFPA. However, despite these obstacles, some progress has been made in implementing the ICPD program of action in Nigeria, while nongovernmental organizations are being encouraged by donor agencies to develop and implement programs to improve access to reproductive health care services at all levels. The government is working to maintain an available supply of contraceptives. Social goals, women's empowerment, primary health care, HIV/AIDS, funding, and the need to lower fertility levels are discussed.