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    070163

    Paraguay.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division

    In: World population policies. Volume III. Oman to Zimbabwe, compiled by United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs. Population Division. New York, New York, United Nations, 1990. 18-21. (Population Studies No. 102/Add.2; ST/ESA/SER.A/102/Add.2)

    Paraguay's 1985 population of 3,693,0000 is projected to grow to 9,182,000 by the year 2025. In 1985, 41.0% of the population was aged 0-14 years, while 5.4% were over the age of 60. 31.3% and 9.3% are projected to be in these respective age groups by the year 2025. The rate of natural increase will have declined from 29.0 to 17.2 over the period. Life expectancy should increase from 66.4 to 69.6 years, the crude death rate will decrease from 6.7 to 6.6, while infant mortality will decline from 45.0 to 24.0. The fertility rate will decline over the period from 4.8 to 3.1, with a corresponding drop in the crude birth rate from 35.8 to 23.9. The 1987 contraceptive prevalence rate was 44.8, while the 1982 female mean age at 1st marriage was 21.8 years. Urban population will increase from 44.4% in 1985 to 69.7% overall by the year 2025. Population growth, mortality, morbidity, fertility, and emigration are considered to be acceptable by the government, while immigration and spatial distribution are not. Paraguay does not have an explicit population policy. Expansion of the domestic market through population growth is considered positive for the nation's development. Population-related policy, therefore, attempts to modify only population distribution and internal migration. Greater programmatic and policy emphasis is placed upon improving overall population welfare through better health, income distribution, education, and employment. Population policy as it relates to development objectives is discussed, followed by consideration of specific policies adopted and measures taken to address above-mentioned problematic demographic indicators. The status of women and population data systems are also explored.
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