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In: McCoy, T.L., ed. The dynamics of population policy in Latin America. Cambridge, Massachusetts, Ballinger Publishing Co., 1974. p. 377-408In the early 1970s the Mexican government abandoned traditional pronatalist policies and adopted a comprehensive national family planning program. The various interest groups who supported family planning applauded the change in policy but were not responsible for it. The dicision to change population policies was taken at the highest level of government. The revolutionary regime, headed by President Echeverria, saw unlimited population growth as a threat to its economic development program. The new population policy is aimed at maintaining rapid economic growth in the country and extending the benefits of the growth program to calm recent unrest. It is hypothesized that the Brazilian and Peruvian governments will also revise their population policies when they perceive it to be in their best interests. Change in attitudes toward family planning and family planning policies have come slowly in the rest of Latin America. In these authoritarian regimes, the change is made by the government, and other organized interests support the new policy.
In: McCoy, T.L., ed. The dynamics of population policy in Latin America. Cambridge, Massachusetts, Ballinger Publishing Co., 1974. p. 293-322United States initiative, encouragement, support, money, planning, organization, and ideas have been responsible for the family planning program in the Dominican Republic. From 1962 to 1965 the program was entirely private. In the 1965-1967 stage, demand increased, support increased, and pressure on the government to establish an official family planning policy increased. From 1967 to 1971 the government established an official program, funded it, and expanded its activities. The program has grown steadily, but it is still weak and largely ineffective. Results on national population figures have been minor. Opposition was most severe at first, due to racial and nationalistic fears of neighboring Haiti. Church and Leftist opposition remains but is less vocal. The family planning program is part of the social, cultural, developmental, and economic changes occurring in the Dominican Republic today. Reduced population growth and limited family size are more accepted now. It is doubtful whether the population program is strong enough to survive a change in regime.