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New York, New York, Women's Commission for Refugee Women and Children, 2004. viii, 146 p.In 2000, at the World Education Forum in Dakar, Senegal, 180 countries committed to “ensuring that by 2015 all children, particularly girls, children in difficult circumstances [including those affected by war] and those belonging to ethnic minorities, have access to and complete, free and compulsory primary education of good quality” (UNESCO 2000). Despite this commitment, education in emergencies remains undersupported. In addition, there is no clear global picture of education programming in emergencies, partially because there are a number of organizations—governmental, United Nations, nongovernmental (NGOs), religious—that provide much-needed education services in these situations and also because there is no centralized statistical reporting system for capturing the education data from all these sources. This Global Survey on Education in Emergencies (Global Survey) is an attempt to gather information on how many refugee, displaced and returnee children and youth have access to education and the nature of the education they receive. The Women’s Commission for Refugee Women and Children began the Global Survey in 2001 with initial support from the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Accordingly, the first wave of data collection focused on interviews and document review at the headquarters level of these three UN agencies. Subsequent data collection in 2002-2003 involved interviews and document review at the headquarters of various international NGOs, direct requests to NGO field offices, extensive internet-based research and four brief field visits to Angola, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Thailand to gather information directly from agencies supporting education for refugee and internally displaced children and youth. While information was collected on a broad range of education projects, from formal to non-formal, the primary focus was on formal education activities. (excerpt)
Perspectives in Health. 2003; 8(2):23-25.Today the Pedro Kourí Institute for Tropical Medicine comprises 52,000 square meters and 700 employees and is Cuba's leading research and training center in infectious diseases, as well as a major player in international efforts to control tropical diseases. Many of the national laboratories of Cuba are housed at the institute, along with the island's only tertiary AIDS clinic and research center. It continues to receive support from TDR as well as Canada, France, Spain, Belgium, the European Union and the Wellcome Trust, among others. (excerpt)
Belize City, Belize, Ministry of Health, 1984. , 54 p. (EPI/84/003)An evaluation of the Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) in Belize was conducted by the Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization at the request of the country's Ministry of Health. The evaluation was undertaken to identify obstacles to program implementation, and subsequently provide national managers and decision makers with viable potential solutions. General background information is provided on Belize, with specific mention made of demographic, ethnic, and linguistic characteristics, the health system, and the EPI program in the country. EPI evaluation methodology and vaccination coverage are presented, followed by detailed examination of study findings and recommendations. Achievements, problems, and recommendations are listed for the areas of planning and organizations, management and administration, training, supervision, resources, logistics and the cold chain, delivery strategies, the information and surveillance system, and promotion and community participation. A 23-page chronogram of recommended activities follows, with the report concluding in acknowledgements and annexes.
International protection of refugee women: a case study of violence against Somali refugee women in Kenya.
[Unpublished] 1994. Presented at the International Conference on Uprooted Muslim Women, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates, November 12-15, 1994. 8 p.This article addresses the issue of providing international protection to refugees, with particular focus on the aspect of physical protection for Somali refugee women in Kenya. The mandate of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is to provide international protection to refugees and, in cooperation with the international community, to seek solutions to refugee problems. International protection involves ensuring that any person seeking asylum can enter another country; ensuring respect for basic human rights; and that no refugee is returned against his or her will to the country from which they fled. In relation to refugee women, it is important to ensure their security and protection from sexual and physical abuse. Furthermore, it is important that refugee women have equal access to refugee status determination procedure as men, access to female UNHCR protection staff, and they must have their own identification documents to reduce their exposure to possible exploitation. In addition, the UNHCR has promoted 3 solutions to refugee problems, which include voluntary repatriation, local integration in the country of asylum, and resettlement. In the context of physical protection, the UNHCR is requesting the Government of Kenya that they provide female police officers in the camps to enable female refugees to report any assault matters to a female officer.
Bangkok, Thailand, United Nations, Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, 1987. xii, 282 p. (ST/ESCAP/434.)Growing worldwide recognition of the unequal participation of women in development culminated in the declaration of 1975 as International Women's Year and of the subsequent 10 years as the UN Decade for Women: Equality, Development and Peace (1976-1985). The present report summarizes the progress achieved for and by women in Asia and the Pacific during the UN Decade for Women. This report should be read critically since the coverage of the country responses to the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) questionnaires was uneven. The international attention directed to the issue of women and development spurred the establishment of national machineries for the promotion of women's interests in many of the Asian and Pacific countries where none had existed, and the strengthening of those already active. In Bangladesh, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and New Zealand, the national machinery was formed at the ministerial level. In other countries, a ministry already has the task of advancing women. In other countries, focal points are positioned directly under the leadership of the head of the executive branch. In Afghanistan, China, Mongolia, and Viet Nam the responsibility has been given to the national women's organizations that emerged after radical socio-political transformations. Countries of a 4th group have attached their machineries to a sectoral ministry or organization. During the UN Decade for Women, India, Nepal, Samoa, and Thailand included for the 1st time in their planning history a separate chapter in their national development plans on the integration of women into the development process. India, Japan, Malaysia, Nepal, Pakistan, and Thailand formulated separate national plans of action for the advancement of women. In other countries, including Fiji and Vanuatu, national plans of action were drafted and submitted to their governments by non-governmental women's organizations. 17 ESCAP member countries have signed, ratified, or acceded to the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women.
ASIA-PACIFIC POPULATION JOURNAL. 1986 Mar; 1(1):75-9.During the past few years, reports have indicated that international migration from Asia and the Pacific to the Middle East has been decreasing. To consider this trend, the UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) organized the Policy Workshop on International Migration in Asia and the Pacific from 15-21 October, 1986, at Bangkok. The Workshop 1st considered the magnitude of international migration. There were an estimated 930,000 Indian workers in the Middle East in 1983, 800,000 Pakistanis, 500,000 Filipinos, 300,000 Bangladeshis, and 200,000 each from the Republic of Korea, Sri Lanka, and Thailand. Workers' remittances to the region reached US $8000-10,000 million per year in 1983. The government policies of the sending countries have been the least adequate in the area of return international labor migration. The Workshop recommended that governments of sending countries 1) ensure that the contracts signed by workers before their departure be honored, 2) provide workers with information on their legal rights in receiving countries before departure, 3) investigate and monitor recruiting agents, and 4) do everything possible to utilize workers' acquired skills on return. The Workshop also recommended that international agencies 1) create standards for data collection on international migration, 2) facilitate the exchange of information on international migration, and 3) sponsor research projects. The Workshop also recommended that governments obtain relevant information on the magnitude, origin, and expenditure of remittances and savings.
In: Singh JS, ed. World Population policies. New York, Praeger Publishers, 1979. 228 p.The World Population Plan of Action synthesizes major points raised at the 1974 Bucharest Conference and numerous United Nations resolutions between 1966-74. Population and development are interrelated. Individuals and couples have the rights to decide freely the number and spacing of their children and should have the knowledge and means to do so. Population policies, programs, and goals are to be formulated and implemented at the national level within the context of specific economic, social, and cultural conditions of the respective countries. International strategies cannot work unless the underprivileged of the world achieve a significant improvement in their living conditions. It is recommended that countries with population problems impeding their development establish goals for reducing population growth by 1985. A life expectancy of 50 years is another suggested 1985 goal; also infant mortality rates of less than 120/1000 live births. Networks of small and medium sized cities should be strengthened for regional development and population distribution. Fair and equitable treatment is urged for migrant workers. Population measures, data collection, and population programs should be integrated into economic plans and programs. Total international assistance for population activities amounted to $2 million in 1960 and $350 million by 1977.
In: Population in the global arena; actors, values, policies, and futures, by Parker G. Marden, Terry L. McCoy and Dennis G. Hodgson. New York, N.Y., Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1982. 37-59.Add to my documents.