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    Children and women in Zimbabwe: a situation analysis. Update 1994.


    Harare, Zimbabwe, UNICEF-Harare, 1994 Jun. v, 113 p.

    This volume provides a situation analysis of social, economic, structural, and political conditions in Zimbabwe. 14 chapters cover a wide range of topics, including history, geography, demography, government and administration, food security and nutrition, information networks, women's status, laws and statutes, health, AIDS' impact on women and children, education, water and environmental sanitation, orphans, refugees, and the handicapped. The overview describes the situation of children in Zimbabwe as dependent on class and race, gender and place of birth, education and job opportunities, marital prospects, and access to land and resources. Zimbabwe is viewed as a young country, which has experienced independence for only 14 years. In 1990, immunization covered 85% of all children. Infant and child mortality declined. Life expectancy increased. Primary school enrollment rose to 2.1 million. Over the past 14 years the government has expanded social services and enacted legislation for improving the status of women. Recently social indicators have declined. The reasons are multiple and complex. Some of the reasons are identified as the 1991-92 drought, the global recession, structural adjustment programs, declines in real per capita spending on social programs, the HIV epidemic and associated epidemics of tuberculosis and sexually transmitted diseases, and decreased investment in infrastructure.
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