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  1. 1
    Peer Reviewed

    Peace-keeping efforts in Darfur.

    Lancet. 2007 Aug 11; 370(9586):458.

    In a speech at the UN last week, UK Prime Minister, Gordon Brown, described the war in Darfur as "the greatest humanitarian disaster the world faces today". Since the conflict began 4 years ago, 200 000 people are believed to have died and 2.5 million people have fled their homes to escape the violence. Now, there is renewed hope as the UN Security Council with the alleged support of the Sudanese Government has approved the largest peacekeeping mission in the world-the deployment of a 26 000-strong hybrid UN-African force to bring security to the region. But can this UN mission succeed when past missions in Darfur have failed? It is unclear who will supply the needed troops. The stipulation that the troops have to be mainly African will be a challenge; the existing 7000-African Union peace force is already overstretched. A firm strategy for the new deployment and the kind of peace these troops will be looking to monitor and implement are vague. Furthermore, deployment of 26 000 troops brings all sorts of logistical problems, including access to water and allocation of land. Additionally, training troops on gender issues to protect women and children from the continued violence needs to be ensured. (excerpt)
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  2. 2

    Croatia. Broken promises: impediments to refugee return to Croatia.

    Ivanisevic B

    New York, New York, Human Rights Watch, 2003 Sep. 61 p. (Croatia Vol. 15, No. 6(D))

    Between 300,000 and 350,000 Serbs left their homes in Croatia during the 1991-95 war. This report describes the continued plight of displacement suffered by the Serbs of Croatia and identifies the principal remaining impediments to their return. The most significant problem is the difficulty Serbs face in returning to their pre-war homes. Despite repeated promises, the Croatian government has been unwilling and unable to solve this problem for the vast majority of displaced Serbs. In addition, fear of arbitrary arrest on war-crimes charges and discrimination in employment and pension benefits also deter return. Human Rights Watch believes that these problems are a result of a practice of ethnic discrimination against Serbs by the Croatian government. The report concludes with a list of recommendations to the government of Croatia and the international community to deal with these persistent problems and finally make good on the promise of return. (author's)
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