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Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, 1986. 130 p. (WHO/CDD/86.16)This 5th report of the Diarrheal Diseases Control Program (CDD) describes the activities undertaken by the program during 1984-1985. Primary objectives of the program are to reduce diarrhea associated mortality, malnutrition, and treatment costs. In so doing the program advocates the use of oral rehydration therapy (ORT) solutions in the treatment of diarrhea and dehydration, and promotes proper feeding during and after diarrheal illness. 3 major strategy areas are: improved nutrition (such as breastfeeding for the 1st 2 years of life), use of safe water, and good personal and domestic hygiene. Program activities involve planning, training (supervisory, management and technical), increasing the availability of ORT (including household solutions, and production and supply of ORS), promoting health education and communication, and the control of cholera in Africa. Summaries of program activities in different regions are included, and collaborations with other WHO programs and other agencies are described. The program supports biomedical research through its global and regional scientific working groups, which includes 62 new projects for 1984 and 67 new projects for 1985. Scientific Working Groups focus on bacterial enteric infections, viral diarrheas, drug development, and clinical management ofdiarrhea.