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Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, 2003.  p. (WHO/HIV/2003.14)Globally up to 100 000 people need to be trained for their contribution to making 3 by 5 possible—including those involved in the management and delivery of anti-retroviral treatment (ART) services, those working on testing and counselling and other entry points to ART, and the many community treatment supporters assisting people living with HIV/AIDS who are receiving medication. The challenge is enormous, and the impact of HIV/AIDS on the workforce is exacerbating the already difficult situation. The World Health Organization (WHO) has developed a ‘Human Capacity-Building Plan' that proposes a set of unprecedented steps by which WHO, together with partners, will help countries to develop and sustain the workforce necessary to achieve 3 by 5. It addresses five critical elements for building and sustaining human capacity at the country level. (excerpt)
[Washington, D.C.], Population Reference Bureau [PRB], 2002. 3 p.In its efforts to eradicate polio from the planet, the WHO developed a public health initiative that includes routine immunization coverage, staging annual mass immunization drives, increasing surveillance for cases and wild poliovirus, and conducting door-to-door immunization in high-risk areas. In effect, the number of cases has reduced from 35,251 in 1988 to 5186 by 1997. It was noted that the success to the polio eradication strategy is attributed to: 1) selection of a virus that can be eradicated; 2) support from variety of donors and organizers; 3) global consensus regarding priority; 4) organization and transportation sufficient to reach the most remote places; 5) surveillance; and 6) low vaccine cost. However, the WHO notes that polio eradication efforts still face problems in securing access to all children, obtaining funds, and maintaining political commitment.