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Journal of Tropical Pediatrics. 1999 Apr; 45(2):64-65.The Joint United Nation Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) chose 'Children Living in a World with AIDS' as its theme for the 1997 World AIDS Campaign. The overall aim of the campaign was to create 'an increased understanding of the HIV/AIDS epidemic and its global dimensions, with an emphasis on promoting action and social policies to prevent HIV transmission and to minimise the epidemic's impact on children, their families and their communities'. Among the facts that emerged in the UNAIDS documentation for this campaign were the following: everyday 1000 children become infected with HIV; of the 1.5 million people worldwide who died of AIDS in 1996, 350 000 were children; AIDS may increase infant mortality by as much as 75 per cent and under-5 child mortality by more than 100 per cent in the regions most affected by the disease by the year 2000; 90 per cent of HIV positive children under the age of 15 years are infected through vertical mother to child Transmission; nearly 1 million children are living with HIV and suffer the physical and psychological consequences of infection; over 9 million children are estimated to have lost one or other or both parents to AIDS. (excerpt)
Sixth Committee acts on wide variety of legal issue: protection of children, detained persons, among them.
UN Chronicle. 1986 Jan; 23: p..The Sixth Committee (Legal) in November addressed a wide variety of legal issues, including those related to protection of children and detained persons, peaceful settlement of disputes, review of the United Nations Charter, and the Law of Treaties between States and International Organizations. The General Assembly on 11 December acted on drafts proposed by the Committee on those issues and others. In decision 40/422, adopted without a vote, the Assembly expressed appreciation at the work done in the Third and Sixth Committees in their common endeavour of elaborating a Declaration on Social and Legal Principles relating to the Protection and Welfare of Children, with Special Reference to Foster Placement and Adoption, Nationally and Internationally. It also decided that informal consultations should be held early in the Assembly's 1986 session to achieve agreement on the remaining questions so that the draft Declaration could be adopted at that session. The item has been on the Assembly's agenda since 1980. (excerpt)
Woking, England, Plan International, 1994. 28,  p.This Annual Report from PLAN International contains a message from the Chairman and the International Executive Director describing the improvement in the quality of services the agency has realized as a result of the relocation of its headquarters from the US to the UK. PLAN is identified as an international, humanitarian, child-focused nonaffiliated development organization working to achieve a world in which all children attain their full potential. The specific mission of PLAN is 1) to enable deprived children, families, and communities to meet their basic needs and improve their participation in society; 2) to foster relationships to increase worldwide understanding and unity; and 3) to promote the rights and interests of children. This annual report continues by describing PLAN's organizational structure and citing specific examples of how PLAN's objectives are implemented in West Africa, Eastern and Southern Africa, South Asia, Southeast Asia, Central America and the Caribbean, and South America. The report also provides data on the percentage of donations received from various countries in 1994, how the funds were spent, and a summary showing the increase in international income and numbers of "foster" children receiving benefits for each year from 1990 to 1994. The report ends with a listing of the members of PLAN's Board of Directors and headquarters staff, a reproduction of the combined financial statements for 1994, and a brief history of the organization.
WORLDAIDS. 1993 Mar; (26):5-8.The WHO estimates that during the 1990s between 10 and 15 million children around the world will lose a mother, father, or both parents to AIDS. The chance of a woman with HIV/AIDS passing the virus on to her child is about 30%. 25% of infected children born to HIV-infected mothers die before their 1st birthday, and < 20% survive past the age of 5. Of the 10-15 million orphans expected by the turn of the century, 90% will be in sub-Saharan Africa. It is only a matter of time before parts of Asia and Latin America, where HIV is spreading at an explosive rate, face the same social problems as Africa. Thailand expects to have some 2 million motherless children by the year 2010. In Uganda's Rakai district, a 1989 survey found there were 25,000 orphans under the age of 15 (12% of the population), mainly because of AIDS. In 1991, Kagera, Tanzania's worst affected region, was thought to have about 30,000 orphans in a population of 1.4 million. A World Vision survey in Rakai, Uganda, found >4% of households headed by children between the ages of 12 and 16 years. In Tanzania, the self-help organization WAMATA works in villages bordering Lake Victoria, and, in Zambia, a home-based care team operates out of the Salvation Army Hospital at Chikankata. Malawi, which expects to have 120,000 AIDS orphans by 1995, is also promoting the idea of foster care by volunteer families along the lines of a pilot project run by the Muslim Association for 250 children. World Vision has a program that reaches some 50,000 orphans and their foster families in the Rakai, Masaka, and Gulu districts of Uganda. The program helps foster families with agriculture and credit as well as paying for orphans' school feed, uniforms, and equipment.