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    271691

    Population, documentary on the population problem.

    van Hees Y; Vereecken B

    The Hague, Netherlands, Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Development Cooperation Information Department, 1989 Nov. 26 p.

    Several articles are presented in this pamphlet which are based on a documentary on the population problem made by the Development Cooperation Information Department of the Netherlands in cooperation with the Veronica Broadcasting Organization. A population conference was held at the Royal Tropical Institute in Amsterdam from November, 6-9, 1989, sponsored by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). Filmed in Brazil, Indonesia, and Zimbabwe, the documentary was shown on November 6 at the conference and was broadcast on Dutch television on November 8. 66 countries attended the conference where the population increase was discussed. Also discussed were steps to control population. Professor Kirk van de Kaa, director of the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Studies (NIAS), and professor at the University of Amsterdam, was interviewed about population policy. A typical visit by a Zimbabwe National Family Planning Council (ZNFPC) nurse is covered. Population growth in Zimbabwe is alarming. The ZNFPC was set up in 1980, shortly after the country gained independence. The Council encounters much difficulty in carrying out its programs. Zimbabwean women often marry before age 20, and have 7 children by age 50. There is debate in the press about whether family planning is working. The 1989 World Population Report states that the population of the world will double in the next 50 years. UNFPA is celebrating its 20th anniversary. UNFPA's views on family planning and the world population problem are given. An article follows about Indonesian family planning services; BKKBN, the Indonesian national family planning organization, and Dr. Haryono Suyono, head of BKKBN. Population growth in Indonesia has declined to 2.1%. In the Indonesian village of Jati Karya, a group of women are engaged in the economic activity of making shoebrushes and other brushes for households. These women are participating in the family planning programs and are asking for an economic loan through the BKKBN from the Indonesian government. The philosophy is that women will have fewer children if their status is raised. Dr. Nafis Sadik, executive director of UNFPA, has been interviewed concerning her thoughts on population policy. An article follows on the causes of desertification in Africa. Population growth is the main cause. The final article focuses on Bangladesh, where contraceptive availability alone does not mean that family planning programs will succeed is demonstrated by the Matlab project.
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