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In: United Nations. Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East [ECAFE]. Report of the Working Group on Communications Aspects of Family Programmes and selected papers. Held at Singapore, 5-15 September 1967. Bangkok, Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East, . 1-68. (Asian Population Studies Series No. 3)The objective of the Working Group on Communications Aspects of Family Planning Programs, meeting during September 1967, was to collate, examine, and evaluate the collective experience in the region of the use of communications media in family planning programs and to try to develop a basic model for using communications to provide information and motivation in family planning programs as an aid to governmental action in this field. Other purposes were: to evolve appropriate guidelines for operational research and evaluation of family planning communication programs; to discuss the best ways in which the family planning communication work can be strengthened through regional cooperation under the aegis of the Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East (ECAFE); and to seek practical methods of continuing the exchange and pooling of data in the communication effort within the region and from other areas. 20 participants from 13 member countries participated. This report of the Working Group covers the following: national development and family planning; communications in the context of family planning programs (types of communication; objectives of family planning communications; specific functions of family planning communications; target audiences, groups, and individuals; messages; media and materials; staff; and costs); general guidelines for family planning communication programs; communication programs in countries of the ECAFE region (Ceylon, China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Iran, Japan, Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand); communications media and methods (radio and television, films, newspapers and other printed materials, hoardings and display signs, posters, exhibitions, campaigns, mailings, face to face communications); communication aspects of special significance; practical aspects of a communication organization; production and distribution of communication materials; specialized training for communications; and research and evaluation. Generally, communications about family planning are of 2 types: informal, characterized as being spontaneous, unplanned; and formal communications, those that are planned, organized, intended to serve specific purposes. Family planning communications serve several purposes. Among them are those of informing, educating, motivating, and reassuring large numbers and varieties of people and of legitimating the practice of family planning. The information component of family planning communications will be directed toward individuals, groups, or the public both within the family planning organization and outside it.
HYGIE. 1989 Mar; 8(1):26-9.Activities of the WHO-Shanghai Collaborating Center in Health Education are described. The Center is a joint venture between WHO and the Shanghai Health Education Institute, and as such it is intended to have international significance. Its aims are to strengthen the impact of health education in primary care and to utilize effective health education technologies. Since 1956 the Center has provided guidance to districts and counties in the form of promotional materials for basic medical units, trained health personnel and conducted health promotion activities. There are 70 staff in 5 divisions: publications, art, publicity, administration and audiovisuals. Methodologies are both tested and used as a vehicle for human resource development, by training health staff on the job. Some current projects include anti-smoking educational programs for workplaces incorporating baseline and follow-up assessments, and production of media programs such as documentaries, TV series, short spots, and video cassettes, approximately 1 every 3 weeks. Several productions won national awards in 1986. An international exchange program with the University of California at Los Angeles was held to explore how the Chinese apply health education in the community. Consultation services are provided through WHO. Progress in health education in China is limited by the lack of translated literature on health education.
The Hague, Netherlands, Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Development Cooperation Information Department, 1989 Nov. 26 p.Several articles are presented in this pamphlet which are based on a documentary on the population problem made by the Development Cooperation Information Department of the Netherlands in cooperation with the Veronica Broadcasting Organization. A population conference was held at the Royal Tropical Institute in Amsterdam from November, 6-9, 1989, sponsored by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). Filmed in Brazil, Indonesia, and Zimbabwe, the documentary was shown on November 6 at the conference and was broadcast on Dutch television on November 8. 66 countries attended the conference where the population increase was discussed. Also discussed were steps to control population. Professor Kirk van de Kaa, director of the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Studies (NIAS), and professor at the University of Amsterdam, was interviewed about population policy. A typical visit by a Zimbabwe National Family Planning Council (ZNFPC) nurse is covered. Population growth in Zimbabwe is alarming. The ZNFPC was set up in 1980, shortly after the country gained independence. The Council encounters much difficulty in carrying out its programs. Zimbabwean women often marry before age 20, and have 7 children by age 50. There is debate in the press about whether family planning is working. The 1989 World Population Report states that the population of the world will double in the next 50 years. UNFPA is celebrating its 20th anniversary. UNFPA's views on family planning and the world population problem are given. An article follows about Indonesian family planning services; BKKBN, the Indonesian national family planning organization, and Dr. Haryono Suyono, head of BKKBN. Population growth in Indonesia has declined to 2.1%. In the Indonesian village of Jati Karya, a group of women are engaged in the economic activity of making shoebrushes and other brushes for households. These women are participating in the family planning programs and are asking for an economic loan through the BKKBN from the Indonesian government. The philosophy is that women will have fewer children if their status is raised. Dr. Nafis Sadik, executive director of UNFPA, has been interviewed concerning her thoughts on population policy. An article follows on the causes of desertification in Africa. Population growth is the main cause. The final article focuses on Bangladesh, where contraceptive availability alone does not mean that family planning programs will succeed is demonstrated by the Matlab project.