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  1. 1
    092989

    Country watch: Zimbabwe.

    Kristiansen V

    AIDS HEALTH PROMOTION EXCHANGE. 1993; (3):10.

    AIDS in Zimbabwe is widely viewed as a problem of others despite widespread knowledge about the basic facts of AIDS. The National AIDS Coordination Program and UNICEF have therefore collaborated to produce and disseminate a special video for an about Zimbabweans to counter this dangerous attitude. The 35-minute English video "No need to blame" presents 3 Zimbabwean women and 2 Zimbabwean men, all healthy-looking, who describe how they feel about their HIV-seropositive status, family reactions, and their hopes and fears. Family members also share their experiences regarding support, care, and future prospects. The film focuses upon themes of responsible behavior, care, compassion, and the destigmatization of people living with HIV/AIDS. It is hoped that the video will help viewers realize that AIDS is a problem for a growing number of people who are not very dissimilar from themselves. The video was first pretested over 10 sessions in June, 1993 with schoolchildren, out-of-school youths, religious leaders, Ministry of Health and Information officers, and youth organization representatives; reactions were generally encouraging. Only minor changes were subsequently made, a discussion guide was included, and feedback forms will be completed based upon audience discussions after each screening.
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  2. 2
    064029

    Cote d'Ivoire. Finalization of Central Region Family Planning Promotion Project.

    Kumah OM

    [Unpublished] 1990. [5], 6, [2] p.

    Final plans for the Cote d'Ivoire Central Region Family Planning Promotion Project were reviewed during a visit by the Johns Hopkins University Population Communication Services Senior Program Officer who visited Abidjan, September 17-21, 1990. The purpose of the visit was to review the project proposal with officials of the Ivorian Family Welfare Association and of the Regional Economic Development Services Office for West and Central Africa (REDSO/WCA); to meet with officials of Dialogue Production who will produce a video involving students in Bouake; and to discuss with REDSO/WCA the prospects for information, education and communication (IEC) and family planning service delivery. The family planning policy of Cote d'Ivoire changed from pro-natalist to pro-family planning in 1989. Changes in policy, budget, strategy and organization were therefore reviewed. It was suggested that emphasis on male attitude and spousal communication be dropped in favor of concentration on women and school-going adolescents. Some of the recommendations were to complete and distribute the project document; to arrange for Mr. Dahily, the Project Coordinator-Designate, to participate in the JHU Advances in Family Health Communication Workshop scheduled in Tunis in November 1991; to obtain quotes form Dialogue Productions and other video production firms; to choose candidates for Assistant Project Coordinator and Administrative Secretary for interviews in October, and to contact the University of Abidjan Center for Communication Training and Research, the National Public Health Institute, and other subcontractors also by October 1990.
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  3. 3
    059166

    Progress report number 5.

    World Health Organization [WHO]. Global Programme on AIDS

    [Unpublished] 1989 May. [3], 79 p. (WHO/GPA/DIR/89.4)

    In February 1987, WHO established the Global Programme on AIDS (GPA) to direct and coordinate global AIDS prevention, control, research, and education. GPA is under the Office of the Director with 2 administrative divisions (management, administration, and information and national program support) and 5 scientific and technical divisions (Epidemiological support and research, health promotion, social and behavioral research, biomedical research, and surveillance, forecasting and impact assessment). It coordinates worldwide AIDS surveillance and receives statistics from WHO collaborating Centres on AIDS, Member Countries ministries of health, and WHO Regional offices. From 1985- 1989, the total number of AIDS cases worldwide rose >15 times. As of March 1, 1989, 145 countries reported a total of 141,894 cases with the Americas reporting the highest number of cases (99, 752). This total is, however, an underestimate since AIDS cases are often not recognized or reported to national health authorities. GPA cosponsors international conferences and policy related meetings, such as the annual International Conference on AIDS. Further, GPA collaborates with other UN organizations and other WHO activities, e.g. UNFPA and Diarrhoeal Disease Control Programme, regarding the effect of HIV infection on their programs. Some initiatives that GPA spearheaded and coordinates include protecting the global blood supply from HIV, developing a strategy for distribution of condoms and viricides in national AIDS programs, and strengthening research capability. This report also lists regional and intercountry activities, e.g. WHO joined a French organization in producing a film about AIDS in Africa.
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  4. 4
    271691

    Population, documentary on the population problem.

    van Hees Y; Vereecken B

    The Hague, Netherlands, Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Development Cooperation Information Department, 1989 Nov. 26 p.

    Several articles are presented in this pamphlet which are based on a documentary on the population problem made by the Development Cooperation Information Department of the Netherlands in cooperation with the Veronica Broadcasting Organization. A population conference was held at the Royal Tropical Institute in Amsterdam from November, 6-9, 1989, sponsored by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). Filmed in Brazil, Indonesia, and Zimbabwe, the documentary was shown on November 6 at the conference and was broadcast on Dutch television on November 8. 66 countries attended the conference where the population increase was discussed. Also discussed were steps to control population. Professor Kirk van de Kaa, director of the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Studies (NIAS), and professor at the University of Amsterdam, was interviewed about population policy. A typical visit by a Zimbabwe National Family Planning Council (ZNFPC) nurse is covered. Population growth in Zimbabwe is alarming. The ZNFPC was set up in 1980, shortly after the country gained independence. The Council encounters much difficulty in carrying out its programs. Zimbabwean women often marry before age 20, and have 7 children by age 50. There is debate in the press about whether family planning is working. The 1989 World Population Report states that the population of the world will double in the next 50 years. UNFPA is celebrating its 20th anniversary. UNFPA's views on family planning and the world population problem are given. An article follows about Indonesian family planning services; BKKBN, the Indonesian national family planning organization, and Dr. Haryono Suyono, head of BKKBN. Population growth in Indonesia has declined to 2.1%. In the Indonesian village of Jati Karya, a group of women are engaged in the economic activity of making shoebrushes and other brushes for households. These women are participating in the family planning programs and are asking for an economic loan through the BKKBN from the Indonesian government. The philosophy is that women will have fewer children if their status is raised. Dr. Nafis Sadik, executive director of UNFPA, has been interviewed concerning her thoughts on population policy. An article follows on the causes of desertification in Africa. Population growth is the main cause. The final article focuses on Bangladesh, where contraceptive availability alone does not mean that family planning programs will succeed is demonstrated by the Matlab project.
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  5. 5
    270284

    The story of two mothers.

    Wallace W; Penn C

    PEOPLE. 1988; 15(1):7-12.

    The stories of 2 Kenyan mothers and their families, the subjects of an IPPF film, illustrate the health benefits to women and children of family planning. 1 woman, aged 40, lives on a small farm with her 9 children. She is very resourceful but must constantly struggle to feed her children. She must also cope with the effects of polygamy; her husband has moved away to live with another wife. She was denied the benefit of education, and repeated pregnancies with little space between them have damaged her health. Now that she has contraceptive injections and has not had a child for 2 years, she feels her health has benefited and that she has regained her strength. The 2nd woman, aged 32, educated, and better off than the first, nevertheless knew little about contraception until after her 1st pregnancy. Her desire to limit the size of her family so that she might give more time to each child, her husband's consciousness of family planning, and her health difficulties during pregnancy contributed to effective spacing and contraception past the birth of her 3rd child. Now she is happy about her decision for tubal ligation surgery and has been able to develop as a gospel singer and songwriter.
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