Your search found 23 Results

  1. 1

    Report on field test of the WHO Decision-Making Tool (DMT) for family planning clients and providers in Mexico. Draft. [Informe sobre pruebas de campo de la Herramienta de toma de decisiones (DMT, Decision-Making Tool) de la OMS para los clientes y prestadores de planificación familiar en México. Versión preliminar]

    Kim YM; Martin T; Johnson S; Church K; Rinehart W

    [Unpublished] 2003 Apr 13. 8 p.

    To test the usefulness of the flipchart on the quality of counseling, this study compared videotaped counseling sessions conducted by the same providers before and after they were trained to use the DMT and had practice using it. Data were collected at two points in time: a baseline round before the intervention began and a post-intervention round one month after providers were trained to use the DMT. Qualitative data were collected through interviews with providers and clients to complement the data from videotaped sessions. Participating in the study were 17 providers working at nine Secretary of Health facilities of the Government of Mexico, D.F. They included 9 doctors, 4 nurses, 3 social workers, and 1 psychologist. Eight of the participating facilities were hospitals, and one was a health center. At each facility, one doctor who routinely provided family planning services participated in the study. In some facilities, a nurse, social worker, or psychologist, each of whom routinely provided FP services, also participated in the study. Each provider was videotaped with about 8 clients, that is, 4 clients per round of data collection. Each set of 4 clients included one new client with a contraceptive method in mind, one new client without a method in mind, one returning client with a problem, and one returning client without a problem. Only 13 of the 17 providers had complete data from both the baseline and post-intervention rounds. (excerpt)
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  2. 2

    Report on the field test of the WHO Decision-Making Tool (DMT) for family planning clients and providers in Indonesia. Draft.

    Kim YM; Church K; Hendriati A; Saraswati I; Rosdiana D

    [Unpublished] 2003 May 14. 11 p.

    This field test assessed the acceptability and usability of the Decision-making Tool for Family Planning Clients and Providers (DMT) in ten Puskesmas (public clinics) in two districts of West Java province in Indonesia. The study was conducted by the INFO Project at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Center for Communication Programs (CCP) in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) and CCP's STARH Program in Indonesia. The assessment focused on the following areas: the comprehensibility, usability, and acceptability of the DMT among providers and clients; how the DMT can facilitate or hinder the family planning (FP) counseling process; how the DMT can help clients make appropriate decisions in order to solve problems regarding FP; how providers integrate the flipchart into their daily work; and changes needed to increase the impact of the DMT on the FP decision-making process and client-provider communication. WHO, the Population Information Program at CCP (now the INFO Project), and INTRAH developed a normative model of client-provider communication to provide a theoretical foundation for improving FP counseling. Drawing upon this model, the Promoting Family Planning team of the Department of Reproductive Health and Research at the WHO and CCP created the DMT in a flipchart format. The tool seeks to improve the quality of counseling by: promoting informed choice and participation by clients during family planning service delivery; facilitating providers' application of evidence-based best practices in client-provider interaction; and providing the technical information clients need in order to make optimal choices and to use contraceptive methods. (excerpt)
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  3. 3

    Report of the Working Group on Communications Aspects of Family Planning Programmes.

    United Nations. Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East [ECAFE]

    In: United Nations. Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East [ECAFE]. Report of the Working Group on Communications Aspects of Family Programmes and selected papers. Held at Singapore, 5-15 September 1967. Bangkok, Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East, [1968]. 1-68. (Asian Population Studies Series No. 3)

    The objective of the Working Group on Communications Aspects of Family Planning Programs, meeting during September 1967, was to collate, examine, and evaluate the collective experience in the region of the use of communications media in family planning programs and to try to develop a basic model for using communications to provide information and motivation in family planning programs as an aid to governmental action in this field. Other purposes were: to evolve appropriate guidelines for operational research and evaluation of family planning communication programs; to discuss the best ways in which the family planning communication work can be strengthened through regional cooperation under the aegis of the Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East (ECAFE); and to seek practical methods of continuing the exchange and pooling of data in the communication effort within the region and from other areas. 20 participants from 13 member countries participated. This report of the Working Group covers the following: national development and family planning; communications in the context of family planning programs (types of communication; objectives of family planning communications; specific functions of family planning communications; target audiences, groups, and individuals; messages; media and materials; staff; and costs); general guidelines for family planning communication programs; communication programs in countries of the ECAFE region (Ceylon, China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Iran, Japan, Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand); communications media and methods (radio and television, films, newspapers and other printed materials, hoardings and display signs, posters, exhibitions, campaigns, mailings, face to face communications); communication aspects of special significance; practical aspects of a communication organization; production and distribution of communication materials; specialized training for communications; and research and evaluation. Generally, communications about family planning are of 2 types: informal, characterized as being spontaneous, unplanned; and formal communications, those that are planned, organized, intended to serve specific purposes. Family planning communications serve several purposes. Among them are those of informing, educating, motivating, and reassuring large numbers and varieties of people and of legitimating the practice of family planning. The information component of family planning communications will be directed toward individuals, groups, or the public both within the family planning organization and outside it.
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  4. 4

    Country watch: Cambodia.

    Mielke J

    SEXUAL HEALTH EXCHANGE. 1998; (2):10-2.

    In 1996-97, UNICEF commissioned the Save the Children Fund UK to explore sexuality among youth in Cambodia in an effort to learn about the psychosocial factors which influence sexual risk-taking behavior in that population. Based upon the results of that study and ongoing participatory research, UNICEF is developing a series of interactive teaching video packages which model real-life situations. Most communities throughout the country have private video parlors accessible to community educators. The minidramas presented in the videos can be used to facilitate group discussions on issues such as problem identification, problem solving, assessing personal risk for HIV infection, and how to reduce HIV infection risks in a range of situations. Use of the videos stimulates two-way communication for participatory problem solving. Each video package comes with a facilitator guide including discussion questions, while flip-chart versions may be used in areas without access to video. These latter versions depict the story of each problem situation and model behavior options using a series of pictures.
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  5. 5

    Zooming in on youth in Vietnam.

    JOICFP NEWS. 1997 Sep; (279):3.

    JOICFP, under the "Training and Development, Production and Utilization of IEC Materials with Special Focus on Adolescents and Young Adults" project (RAS/96/P10) supported by the UN Population Fund (UNFPA), is producing a still-image video concerning sexuality issues and reproductive health needs of Asian youth. The video will depict 1) an unmarried Vietnamese girl who has had a relationship with a young man and now faces the possibility of an unwanted pregnancy; 2) a Nepalese girl forced into an early marriage; and 3) a Philippine girl delivering her first child. Photos for the Vietnamese segment have been taken; the theme and storyline were developed in response to feedback from youth belonging to the Youth Union of Ho Chi Minh City. The video is being produced to inform decision makers and administrators of the realities faced by young people so that appropriate reproductive health policies and programs for youth can be created. Young people, ages 10-19, now account for one-fifth of the world's population.
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  6. 6

    Getting the message across: new WHO video: Opening the Gates to Life.


    The World Health Organization (WHO) has produced a video to help launch its Mother-Baby Package entitled "Opening the Gates to Life." It shows how national programs can use the package to improve maternal survival. It aims to stimulate discussion and motivate health workers at all levels to develop concrete strategies and activities to reduce maternal mortality. Policy makers and planners will also benefit from the video. Another WHO video, "Why Did Mrs. X. Die?", depicted the road to maternal death and the obstacles she faced in her lifetime. The most recent video focuses on the road to life. The key concepts of this most recent video are opening the gates to life, motivating gatekeepers (policy makers, planners, health professionals, health workers, and community and family members), strengthening the links in the chain of care, and reaching out to women and communities. They are also incorporated in other communication materials of the package. Ways to open the gates to life are: reduce delay (household delay in deciding to seek care, delay in reaching care because of difficulties with transportation and the referral system, and delay in receiving care after arriving at a health facility), reduce the distance between women and life-saving obstetrics care, remove barriers (e.g., disrespectful treatment by health workers and cost), listen to the needs and perceptions of women, and penetrate the culture of silence. In the culture of silence maternal deaths are often not discussed or reported because they are considered a sensitive, private issue.
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  7. 7

    Country watch: Zimbabwe.

    Kristiansen V


    AIDS in Zimbabwe is widely viewed as a problem of others despite widespread knowledge about the basic facts of AIDS. The National AIDS Coordination Program and UNICEF have therefore collaborated to produce and disseminate a special video for an about Zimbabweans to counter this dangerous attitude. The 35-minute English video "No need to blame" presents 3 Zimbabwean women and 2 Zimbabwean men, all healthy-looking, who describe how they feel about their HIV-seropositive status, family reactions, and their hopes and fears. Family members also share their experiences regarding support, care, and future prospects. The film focuses upon themes of responsible behavior, care, compassion, and the destigmatization of people living with HIV/AIDS. It is hoped that the video will help viewers realize that AIDS is a problem for a growing number of people who are not very dissimilar from themselves. The video was first pretested over 10 sessions in June, 1993 with schoolchildren, out-of-school youths, religious leaders, Ministry of Health and Information officers, and youth organization representatives; reactions were generally encouraging. Only minor changes were subsequently made, a discussion guide was included, and feedback forms will be completed based upon audience discussions after each screening.
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  8. 8

    Putting women's health in the picture.

    JOICFP NEWS. 1994 Jan; (235):1.

    An Information, Education, and Communication (IEC) Workshop for the Production of Video Script on Women's Health was organized by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), and JOICFP and held in Japan from November 29, through December 4, 1993. It produced 4 different prototypes for use in Asia that reflected the range of women's health issues and cultural differences involved. Representatives of family planning (FP) associations and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), IEC experts, and health officials from both government and NGOs attended. Dr. Shizuko Sasaki spoke about various legal issues of women's health in Japan, while Colleen Cording spoke concerning the impact of social and policy changes on women's lives and health in New Zealand. Participants were then divided into 4 groups for discussion of target populations and their needs. 4 sets of illustrations were designed to stimulate discussion by instructors and were presented with 10-15 min scripts. The 4 videos included Christie and Me, Proud to Be a Girl, One Day at the Beach, and Happy to Be Me. The 1st film features a uterus as narrator who explains menstruation, sexually transmitted disease (STD), and contraception; the 2nd focuses on positive self images for girls; the 3rd, on a range of sexual topics discussed during a couple's seaside stroll; and the 4th, on a woman's love of self and cycle of life from puberty to old age. Participants are expected to produce similar material with adaptations to their specific countries from these prototypes. Participants also discussed their experiences in women's health education and methods of distributing and marketing educational materials.
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  9. 9

    Cote d'Ivoire. Finalization of Central Region Family Planning Promotion Project.

    Kumah OM

    [Unpublished] 1990. [5], 6, [2] p.

    Final plans for the Cote d'Ivoire Central Region Family Planning Promotion Project were reviewed during a visit by the Johns Hopkins University Population Communication Services Senior Program Officer who visited Abidjan, September 17-21, 1990. The purpose of the visit was to review the project proposal with officials of the Ivorian Family Welfare Association and of the Regional Economic Development Services Office for West and Central Africa (REDSO/WCA); to meet with officials of Dialogue Production who will produce a video involving students in Bouake; and to discuss with REDSO/WCA the prospects for information, education and communication (IEC) and family planning service delivery. The family planning policy of Cote d'Ivoire changed from pro-natalist to pro-family planning in 1989. Changes in policy, budget, strategy and organization were therefore reviewed. It was suggested that emphasis on male attitude and spousal communication be dropped in favor of concentration on women and school-going adolescents. Some of the recommendations were to complete and distribute the project document; to arrange for Mr. Dahily, the Project Coordinator-Designate, to participate in the JHU Advances in Family Health Communication Workshop scheduled in Tunis in November 1991; to obtain quotes form Dialogue Productions and other video production firms; to choose candidates for Assistant Project Coordinator and Administrative Secretary for interviews in October, and to contact the University of Abidjan Center for Communication Training and Research, the National Public Health Institute, and other subcontractors also by October 1990.
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  10. 10

    Drawing attention to family planning.

    JOICFP NEWS. 1990 Mar; (189):7.

    In February 1990, the Mexican award winning director and animator, Carlos Carrera, went to Tokyo to oversee the photographing of the color frames (brought from Mexico) of the sex education animated film "Music for Two". The film begins with a warning that it should be shown as part of a sex education program. Further, a trained advisor guides the audience during the recommended discussion following the film. "Music for Two" is set in a large city and features a young female teen who daydreams about imaginary lovers. She soon discovers that her young male next door neighbor is interested in her. The moral of the story is that, once a woman is an adolescent, she must consider her future and have lifelong goals. In order for her to do so, however, she must know her mind and body, appreciate them, and not renounce them. This animated short feature includes both English and Spanish versions targeted to adolescents in their mid to late teens, especially females, in Latin America and the Caribbean. Mr. Carrera predicted that conservative older individuals will most likely not approve of "Music for Two". The Japanese Organization for International Cooperation in Family Planning (JOICFP) and the UNFPA sponsored this animated film and the Mexican Family Planning Foundation (MEXFAM) participated in its production. The Sakura Motion Picture Company in Japan and Kinam SCL International in Mexico coproduced it. The Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs underwrote the English version and the UNFPA and IPPF underwrote the Spanish version. Further, in 1989, Mr. Carrera played a major role in a successful sex education animated feature titled "Blue Pigeon". This film was geared to youth in their early to mid teens, however.
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  11. 11

    World population day, 11 July 1990.

    United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]

    [Unpublished] 1990. 22 p.

    World Population Day (WPD) was observed on July 1, 1990 in more than 90 countries with media coverage or special events. July 11 was designated WPD by the UNDP/UN Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) Governing Council. This was the 1st year WPD was observed. A poster was issued in many languages and distributed globally. A brochure was produced that featured a reproduction of the poster on the cover. A special videotape entitled "Population: The Challenge Ahead" was produced. Cassettes were sent to all UNFPA country directors. A "Population Issues Briefing Kit" was produced and sent to UNFPA headquarters and field staff. Media coverage was extensive. African nations had a variety of event of WPD. In Benin, a major conference was held to discuss "Rapid Population Growth: Its effects on satisfying basic needs." A television program with the same theme was shown and a radio show for children featured songs, poems, and sketches. Burundi also held a conference on the problems of population growth, the legal and social status of women, and the division of land. A dance competition took place in Cape Verde. WPD observances in the Congo were done over a 3-day period. There were special radio and television broadcasts. Guinea devoted a whole week (July 5-11, 1990) to population issues which ended with the celebration of WPD. Tanzania had an award ceremony for the winners of an essay contest for primary and secondary school students on "Population and the Quality of Life." In Iraq, a special television program was shown which involved UNFPA visual materials. Population Day activities also took place in Europe, Asia, the Pacific, and the Arab States, as well as Asia and the Pacific. The national television network in India broadcast the videotape. Extensive coverage was given to WPD by Sri Lankan radio, television, and the press. Many Latin American and Caribbean countries also had special activities. A whole week was given to WPD in Mexico. Jamaica also held an essay contest for schoolchildren on population issues. The winners received copies of the UNFPA book "The Exploding City." The UN organizations and specialized agencies also held WPD activities, as did many nongovernmental organizations, intergovernmental organizations, and training and research institutes.
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  12. 12

    Health in strip cartoons.

    Videlier P; Piras P

    WORLD HEALTH FORUM. 1990; 11(1):14-31.

    Health is often seen in strip cartoons (SCs). However, its images convey their own properties. SCs are distributed globally. They are produced in Algiers, Dakar, and Bangui. The SC generally goes from humor to adventure stories. Health enters SCs in 3 ways: 1) the portrayal of life styles; 2) health as a suspenseful element; and 3) medical adventures emphasizing a doctor. Adventure stories with doctors for heroes are common. WHO is the basis for many SCs. Humor and adventure are the 2 basic themes in SCs; they are not mutually exclusive. 1 way that SCs portray health is the "stretched-out time of soap opera." These are stories of poor, talented doctors and devoted nurses. The SC is a graphic expression of world concerns. Healthy or unhealthy life styles may be seen in SCs. Food, tobacco, and alcohol are just parts of a story. Positive heroes are never alcoholics, because alcoholism is a potential vice. Habitual drinkers are usually secondary characters. Early in the 20th century, tobacco played a big role in developing SCs in Mexico. Breaking society's rules for a healthy life style leads to all kinds of consequences in SCs. There was no educational intent to having Popeye eat spinach. Spinach contains iron and is associated with strength. Scurvy is an enemy of many sailors, and this shows up in SCs on disease. It alternates with cholera as an element of adventure in sea stories. An imaginative story devoted to health education shows a medical and social confrontation with naval captains who are not too bright. SCs are neither good nor bad in themselves.
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  13. 13

    Progress report number 5.

    World Health Organization [WHO]. Global Programme on AIDS

    [Unpublished] 1989 May. [3], 79 p. (WHO/GPA/DIR/89.4)

    In February 1987, WHO established the Global Programme on AIDS (GPA) to direct and coordinate global AIDS prevention, control, research, and education. GPA is under the Office of the Director with 2 administrative divisions (management, administration, and information and national program support) and 5 scientific and technical divisions (Epidemiological support and research, health promotion, social and behavioral research, biomedical research, and surveillance, forecasting and impact assessment). It coordinates worldwide AIDS surveillance and receives statistics from WHO collaborating Centres on AIDS, Member Countries ministries of health, and WHO Regional offices. From 1985- 1989, the total number of AIDS cases worldwide rose >15 times. As of March 1, 1989, 145 countries reported a total of 141,894 cases with the Americas reporting the highest number of cases (99, 752). This total is, however, an underestimate since AIDS cases are often not recognized or reported to national health authorities. GPA cosponsors international conferences and policy related meetings, such as the annual International Conference on AIDS. Further, GPA collaborates with other UN organizations and other WHO activities, e.g. UNFPA and Diarrhoeal Disease Control Programme, regarding the effect of HIV infection on their programs. Some initiatives that GPA spearheaded and coordinates include protecting the global blood supply from HIV, developing a strategy for distribution of condoms and viricides in national AIDS programs, and strengthening research capability. This report also lists regional and intercountry activities, e.g. WHO joined a French organization in producing a film about AIDS in Africa.
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  14. 14

    [Motion pictures and commercial television: a co-production of public and private sectors to promote family planning in Mexico] Cine y television comercial: una coproduccion de los sectores publico y privado para promover la planificacion familiar en Mexico.

    Ruiz de Chavez S; Urbina Fuentes M; Schlosser R

    [Unpublished] 1989. Presented at the II Congreso Latino-Americano de Planificacion Familiar, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, August 20-24, 1989. [2], 6, [5] p.

    A film about a young couple experiencing infertility and a television series which introduces new customs in each independent chapter were 2 productions of a cooperative program of the private and public sectors to promote family planning in Mexico. Each production questions sexual stereotypes and opens the possibility of reflection on themes related to sexuality and family planning. The target group is young people aged 15-30 years. The topics covered were selected on the basis of KAP studies to identify areas of conflict and of common interest. The Office of Health provided technical advice and coordination and provided 70% of the financing for the film and 50% for the television series using UN Fund for Population Activities funds. The films combine entertainment with educational content. The producers, script writers, and specialists in sexuality and family planning worked together to develop the scripts by defining the objectives of the project and identifying the most relevant themes. The film, "Let's Try It Again" (Va de Nuez) employed scenes from everyday life in a comedy format with characters displaying a mixture of positive and negative characteristics. The topic of infertility, a perinatal death, and an unplanned pregnancy in a young adolescent were the vehicle for consideration of several themes related to reproductive life: the decision to have a child, intracouple communications, ideas about paternity and maternity, unprotected sexual relations, the importance of the time between marriage and the 1st birth, and male infertility, among others. The weekly television series "The Good Customs" (Las Buenas Costumbres) consisted of 26 episodes lasting 24 minutes each. Each episode is independent in plot development but all are thematically related. The protagonist is a physician. Various common and recurring situations in Mexican life are approached through the physician-patient relationship.
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  15. 15

    WHO-Shanghai Collaborating Center in Health Education: strategic scheme for development.

    Li VC

    HYGIE. 1989 Mar; 8(1):26-9.

    Activities of the WHO-Shanghai Collaborating Center in Health Education are described. The Center is a joint venture between WHO and the Shanghai Health Education Institute, and as such it is intended to have international significance. Its aims are to strengthen the impact of health education in primary care and to utilize effective health education technologies. Since 1956 the Center has provided guidance to districts and counties in the form of promotional materials for basic medical units, trained health personnel and conducted health promotion activities. There are 70 staff in 5 divisions: publications, art, publicity, administration and audiovisuals. Methodologies are both tested and used as a vehicle for human resource development, by training health staff on the job. Some current projects include anti-smoking educational programs for workplaces incorporating baseline and follow-up assessments, and production of media programs such as documentaries, TV series, short spots, and video cassettes, approximately 1 every 3 weeks. Several productions won national awards in 1986. An international exchange program with the University of California at Los Angeles was held to explore how the Chinese apply health education in the community. Consultation services are provided through WHO. Progress in health education in China is limited by the lack of translated literature on health education.
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  16. 16

    Population, documentary on the population problem.

    van Hees Y; Vereecken B

    The Hague, Netherlands, Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Development Cooperation Information Department, 1989 Nov. 26 p.

    Several articles are presented in this pamphlet which are based on a documentary on the population problem made by the Development Cooperation Information Department of the Netherlands in cooperation with the Veronica Broadcasting Organization. A population conference was held at the Royal Tropical Institute in Amsterdam from November, 6-9, 1989, sponsored by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). Filmed in Brazil, Indonesia, and Zimbabwe, the documentary was shown on November 6 at the conference and was broadcast on Dutch television on November 8. 66 countries attended the conference where the population increase was discussed. Also discussed were steps to control population. Professor Kirk van de Kaa, director of the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Studies (NIAS), and professor at the University of Amsterdam, was interviewed about population policy. A typical visit by a Zimbabwe National Family Planning Council (ZNFPC) nurse is covered. Population growth in Zimbabwe is alarming. The ZNFPC was set up in 1980, shortly after the country gained independence. The Council encounters much difficulty in carrying out its programs. Zimbabwean women often marry before age 20, and have 7 children by age 50. There is debate in the press about whether family planning is working. The 1989 World Population Report states that the population of the world will double in the next 50 years. UNFPA is celebrating its 20th anniversary. UNFPA's views on family planning and the world population problem are given. An article follows about Indonesian family planning services; BKKBN, the Indonesian national family planning organization, and Dr. Haryono Suyono, head of BKKBN. Population growth in Indonesia has declined to 2.1%. In the Indonesian village of Jati Karya, a group of women are engaged in the economic activity of making shoebrushes and other brushes for households. These women are participating in the family planning programs and are asking for an economic loan through the BKKBN from the Indonesian government. The philosophy is that women will have fewer children if their status is raised. Dr. Nafis Sadik, executive director of UNFPA, has been interviewed concerning her thoughts on population policy. An article follows on the causes of desertification in Africa. Population growth is the main cause. The final article focuses on Bangladesh, where contraceptive availability alone does not mean that family planning programs will succeed is demonstrated by the Matlab project.
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  17. 17

    A unique collaboration in Chile.

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]. AIDS Prevention Unit; League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

    AIDS WATCH. 1989; (8):8.

    The Chilean Red Cross Society and the family planning association--APROFA, International Planned Parenthood Federation's affiliate, are joining forces to help prevent the spread of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. APROFA established a working group to study the knowledge, attitudes, and sexual behavior of students at the National Training Institute, INACAP. 7000 students were sampled in 11 Chilean cities. The study found that 36% of the females, and 77% of males were sexually active before the age of 20. Nearly 1/2 of the women and 1/5 of the men did not know that condoms could protect them against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and pregnancy. APROFA designed a program to increase students knowledge of AIDS, reduce promiscuity and increase knowledge of and use of condoms. In October, 1988 an educational package distributed, consisting of a training manual, slides, educational booklets, a poster, and a video of 3 films. It has proved so successful that APROFA has adapted it for community groups, educational institutions, and its youth program. APROFA/Red Cross nurses and Red Cross volunteers have participated in workshops and training with the package. The Red Cross has organized AIDS-related activities in Chile since 1986, including education campaigns, information for blood donors, and a telephone hotline to provide AIDS counseling. Goals are to target more poor areas and groups outside of society's mainstream in the next year for sex education and information on STDs.
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  18. 18

    Perspectives on communication for rural development.

    Coldevin G

    Rome, Italy, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 1987. [3], 23, [1] p. (Development Communication Paper)

    Perspectives on communication for rural development are presented in this paper produced for the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the UN. The conceptual and historical development of communications in rural populations is described; communications efforts were unidirectional, but have gradually evolved to a field-based communications development approach. The next section of the report describes the operational areas of the Development Support Communication (DSC) branch of the FAO. Information dissemination and motivation, participatory community development, training for rural producers and field workers, and institutional management communication are the topics covered. Section III outlines DSC delivery strategies, among which are interpersonal communication, rural broadcasting, mass campaigns, and distance education. DSC methodology is the focus of section IV, where a development communication process model is presented, as well as management and staff development plans. The final section explains the services offered by the DSC branch, including extension services, filmstrip production, and the promotion of the institutionalization of DSC capabilities in relevant government ministries concerned with rural development.
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  19. 19

    Resource guide.

    PEOPLE. 1986; 13(2):23-4.

    The International Office and Regional Bureaux of the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) have produced or financed a wide variety of publications, films, videos, slide/tape productions, and wallcharts on the management of contraceptive methods, and a new family life education resource publication. A list of publications, kits, and films is available from the IPPF Distribution Department. Additionally, many of IPPF's affiliated family planning associations produce communication materials. The Population Communication Services Project at the Johns Hopkins University offers sample family planning information and communication materials over 80 countries. It also offers a series of packets of samples on different themes, including print materials for non-readers, male responsibility, packaging for contraceptives, and reaching young people. "Population Reports" are published regularly on a variety of subjects, including communication. The Population Reference Bureau produces a range of educational materials relating to population, including an annual World Population Data Sheet and "Population Today." The World Health Organization publishes an illustrated bimonthly magazine, "World Health," a periodic newsletter, and a 1-page fact-sheet identifying the health benefits of family planning. The UN Educational Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has produced a variety of films, posters, booklets, slide-sets, and records. The UN Food and Agriculture Organization has produced a range of audiovisual aids dealing with family planning and population. The UN Fund for Population Activities produces a wide range of population-related publications and visual aids. The Program for the Introduction and Adaptation of Contraceptive Technology (PIACT) and Program for Appropriate Technology in Health specialized in the development of print materials for specific audiences. Clearinghouse on Development Communication is a center for materials on applications of communication technology to development problems. The Asia-Pacific Institute for Broadcasting Development has produced around 100 prototype radio and television programs dealing with population. The Japanese Organization for International Cooperation in Family Planning has produced a series of films/videos on community health, parasite control, and family planning in many countries.
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  20. 20

    The story of two mothers.

    Wallace W; Penn C

    PEOPLE. 1988; 15(1):7-12.

    The stories of 2 Kenyan mothers and their families, the subjects of an IPPF film, illustrate the health benefits to women and children of family planning. 1 woman, aged 40, lives on a small farm with her 9 children. She is very resourceful but must constantly struggle to feed her children. She must also cope with the effects of polygamy; her husband has moved away to live with another wife. She was denied the benefit of education, and repeated pregnancies with little space between them have damaged her health. Now that she has contraceptive injections and has not had a child for 2 years, she feels her health has benefited and that she has regained her strength. The 2nd woman, aged 32, educated, and better off than the first, nevertheless knew little about contraception until after her 1st pregnancy. Her desire to limit the size of her family so that she might give more time to each child, her husband's consciousness of family planning, and her health difficulties during pregnancy contributed to effective spacing and contraception past the birth of her 3rd child. Now she is happy about her decision for tubal ligation surgery and has been able to develop as a gospel singer and songwriter.
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  21. 21

    Report of the Working Party on Audio-Visual Communication.

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]

    Rabat, Morocco, IPPF, 1977 Feb. 8 p. (CCC/5/77; Appendix A)

    This document is a summary of conclusions of 3 task forces in the Working Party of the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF). The task forces were formed to consider the current level and type of audiovisual activity within the IPPF system: media utilization; audiovisual communication training; and, rationialization of assistance to Family Planning Associations (FPA) in the field of audiovisual communication. Audiovisual media and materials are only of value if they contribute to the achievement of specific program and project objectives. The face-to-face worker plays a key role in providing feedback on the suitability and impact of audiovisual materials. Audiovisual media should be selected on the basis of the suitability for the message to be communicated, the cultural context, the composition of the audience, and the physical environment. Non-electric media may be an efficient and cost-effective means of communication for many FPAs. The way in which materials are used by FPAs can be upgraded through training. The Working Party emphasized the importance of continuous, systematic assessment in the audiovisual field based on techniques which can be applied by workers at all levels. It was decided that there was a need for systematic planning of inputs within the framework of the IPPF work planning, programming and budgeting system.
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  22. 22

    IPPF 16mm films. [Catalog]

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]

    London, IPPF, 1980. 10 p.

    This catalog provides information on 22 family planning 16 mm films produced by the International Planned Parenthood Federation and currently available for purchase. The contents of each film is briefly described and information on the cost, length, and language of the film is provided. Topics dealt with in the films include 1) clinic management; 2) community-based distribution programs; 3) contraceptive methods; 4) population growth and the need for family planning; 5) fieldworker techniques; 6) human reproduction; and 7) the changing role of women. Other films depict family planning and health programs and population problems in specific cultural settings.
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  23. 23

    Publications and audio-visual aids.

    United Nations Fund for Population Activities [UNFPA]

    New York, N.Y., United Nations Fund for Population Activities, 1982. 40 p.

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