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    186444

    Chronicling the end of polio.

    Andaló P

    Perspectives in Health. 2003; 8(3):10-17.

    In its 3,500-year known history, polio has robbed millions of boys and girls, men and women of their freedom to move at will. Vaccines developed in the 1950s began to rein in the virus, dramatically reducing the disease's incidence through massive immunization campaigns. The Americas region was the first to eradicate the wild strain of the virus and was declared polio-free in 1994. Luis Fermín, a 3-year-old Peruvian, was the hemisphere's last registered case. Western Europe was declared polio-free in 2002. But other regions have been less fortunate. Polio remains endemic in seven countries: Afghanistan, Egypt, India, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan and Somalia. Twenty million people today are paralyzed as a result of the disease. (author's)
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