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Washington, D.C., U.S. Government Accounting Office, July 12, 1977. (ID-77-10) 66 p.This report focuses on the population situation in Pakistan, interrelationships in that country between socioeconomic development and population growth, and the effectiveness of U.S. AID-funded population-related activities. The population-connected program since 1973 has emphasized continuous motivation through fieldworkers, innundation of contraceptives, and a national policy of incentives to promote smaller families. None of these 3 areas has succeeded as planned and hoped. Although family planning efforts focused on provision of information, motivation, and delivery of services, the efforts fell short of targets. Reasons for this failure are: 1) social, economic, and cultural factors; 2) civil strife; 3) administrative problems; and 4) lack of a pro-family planning government policy. AID experience in Pakistan illustrates the need for proper evaluation data and a program which sets family planning programs within the larger context of socioeconomic development. It is recommended that AID no longer fund programs in countries where the atmosphere is not pro-family planning.