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Report of the Task Force II on research inventory and analysis of family planning communication research in Bangladesh.
[Dacca, Bangladesh, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting] Oct. 1976. 85 p.Topics relevant to family planning such as interpersonal relationships, communication patterns, local personnel, mass media, and educational aids, have been studied for this report. The central theme is the dissemination of family planning knowledge. The methodology of education and communication are major factors and are emphasized in the studies. While the object was to raise the effectiveness of approaches, the direct concern of some studies was to examine a few basic aspects of communication dynamics and different human relationship structures. Interspouse communication assumes an important place in the family planning program and a couple's concurrence is an essential precondition of family planning practice. Communication between husband and wife varies with the given social system. A study of couple concurrence and empathy on family planning motivation was undertaken; there was virtually no empathy between the spouses. A probable conclusion is that there was no interspouse communication on contraception and that some village women tend to practice birth control without their husband's knowledge. Communication and personal influence in the village community provide a leverage for the diffusion of innovative ideas and practices, including family planning. Influence pattern and flow of communication were empirically studied in a village which was situated 10 miles away from the nearest district town. The village was found to have linkage with outside systems (towns, other villages, extra village communication network) through an influence mechanism operative in the form of receiving or delivering some information. Local agents--midwives, "dais," and female village organizers are in a position to use interpersonal relations in information motivation work if such agents are systematically involved in the family planning program and are given proper orientation and support by program authorities. These people usually have to be trained. 7 findings are worth noting in regard to the use of radio for family planning: folksongs are effective and popular; evening hours draw more listeners; the broadcast can stimulate interspouse communication; the younger groups can be stimulated by group discussions; a high correlation exists between radio listening and newspaper reading; most people listen to the radio if it is accessible to them; approximately 60% of the population is reached by radio. A positive relationship was found to exist between exposure to printed family planning publicity materials and respondents' opinions toward contraception and family planning. The use of the educational aid is construed as an essential element to educating and motivating people's actions.
Honolulu, Hawaii, East-West Communication Institute, July 1977. (A Synthesis of Population Communication Experience Paper No. 2) 148 pThe aims and purposes of communication training are examined, tracing the evolution of training in family planning communications from the early stages of national program developments to the present. Topics discussed include training needs and the clientele of training programs including those involved in face-to-face communications, personnel responsible for integrating interpersonal and mass communications, mass media personnel, and specialists in the production of communications materials. Other topics covered include training for integrated family planning and development programs, national and regional training centers, university based/academic programs, the training of trainers, and training facilities. Examples of both successful and unsuccessful training programs are used to illustrate the many different aspects of population/family planning communications training. An assessment is made of recent developments and future prospects in the field.(AUTHOR'S, MODIFIED)
IPPF Situation Report, September 1972. 7 pHong Kong, with 3858 people/sq km, is 1 of the world's most densely populated areas. Family planning was introduced in 1936 by the Hong Kong Eugenics League and 5 clinics were operating by 1940. The Family Planning Association (FPA) was formed in 1950 and was a founder member of IPPF in 1952. Interest in family planning increased as massive immigration from China added to overcrowding. The government supports FPA (in 1972 the grant was U.S.$254,545) and houses 80% of the FPA clinics in government properties. At present there are 46 female clinics providing 189 sessions per week and 2 male clinics operating eac h week. The decline from 54 to 48 clinics is due to the new emphasis on full-time rather than part-time clinics. In 1971 there were 347,894 attenders, an increase of 18% over 1970, and 31,898 new acceptors, an increase of 4%. There has been continued increase in the number of patients requesting oral contraceptives (70.6% in 1971). The IUD began to decline after bad publicity surrounded a large number of loops which had broken in the uterus; in 1971 only 6% of acceptors asked for IUDs. Condoms account for 11.5% and injectables, 3.6%. FPA offers subfertility and marriage guidance services and is extending its Papanicolaou smear service. An active media campaign, exhibitions, and seminars are conducted. Until 1967 fieldwork consisted of random home visits. An efficiency study led to concentration on maternal and child health clinics, postnatal clinics, and follow-up home visits. Home visi ts are still made on request. A number of international trials for various contraceptives have been run in Hong Kong. Many church and international organizations are helping to finance family planning activities, both through FPA and through their own organizations.
[Unpublished] . 24 p.Focus in this annual report of the Executive Director of the Planned Parenthood Federation of Nigeria (PPFN) for 1982 is on the following: program development and implementation; Planfed News Magazine; community education; family life education (FLE) for youth and adults; resource development and integration; FLE seminar for curriculum developers and trainees; family planning training for nurses and midwives; program impact evaluation; program management; administration and general services; commodities (contraceptives, clinic supplies and equipment, audiovisual equipment, and vehicles); volunteer inputs; branch activities, fieldwork; sessional clinic services; administrative and financial accounting; and interagency collaboration. The 1982 program year witnessed an era of new initiatives and renewed efforts in all aspects of PPFN operations, particularly in program development, management, and administration. Program implementation was improved and strenghened through the establishment of new and the revision of old operational procedures and guidelines. Staff of the Program Development Department (PDD) visited 15 branches to monitor and supervise activities and to provide technical assistance as required. The most prominent accomplishment for 1982 was in the area of contraceptive service delivery. A more than 22% increase was realized in the number of new family planning acceptors recruited and served, compared with the figure for 1981. Program development efforts for the year focused on initiating new or modifying and strengthening existing strategies that would enhance and facilitate the development of more effective, innovative, and community based family planning education and service projects and activities. 2 separate issues of Planfed News Magazine were published on schedule during the year, and 5000 copies of each were printed. The operational objectives of the community education project were the organization of radio and television discussion programs in Kano and Kaduna; broadcasting of radio spot announcements in Oyo, Lagos, Anambra, Bendel, Ondo, Rivers, and Cross River States; and the production of 5000 annual calendars and 5000 Christmas greeting cards. Program impact evaluation revealed that over 26% of the 925 respondents in 15 locations throughout Nigeria received family planning information from PPFN fieldworkers. Other sources of information included doctor, nurse/midwife, friend, relative, and the mass media.