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  1. 1

    United Nations reviews implementation of ICPD Program of Action.

    Population 2005. 2004 Apr; 6(1):1-15.

    On the occasion of the 10th anniversary of the International Conference on Population and Development, the United Nations Population Division has produced a major report, which concludes that the decade since the adoption of the Program of Action has been one of substantial progress. The world is beginning to see the end of rapid population growth, couples are closer to achieving their desired family size and spacing of children, mortality is declining in most countries and there is evidence that many countries are taking the necessary steps to confront HIV/AIDS and other mortality crises, and Governments are initiating processes to address concerns related to international migration. While much progress has been made in the implementation of the Program of Action during the last 10 years, there have also been shortfalls and gaps. The progress has not been universal and, based on current trends, many countries may fall short of the agreed goals of the Program of Action. To achieve the goals and objectives of the Program of Action, continued efforts and commitment are needed to mobilize sufficient human and financial resources, to strengthen institutional capacities, and to nurture partnerships among Governments, the international community, non-governmental organizations and civil society. With such efforts and commitment, the next review and appraisal can be expected to show broader and deeper progress in achieving the goals and objectives of the Program of Action. (excerpt)
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  2. 2
    Peer Reviewed

    Population futures for the next three hundred years: Soft landing or surprises to come?

    Demeny P

    Population and Development Review. 2004 Sep; 30(3):507-517.

    World Population in 2300 (United Nations 2003b), reporting on the proceedings of a December 2003 expert group meeting on long-range population projections and presenting the results of a new set of United Nations population projections, bears out Hajnal's argument. Among his three propositions, the validity of the second is the most obvious. There has been a veritable outpouring of demographic projections during the last 50 years, prepared by various international organizations and national agencies, as well as by independent analysts. Among these, the United Nations Population Division's now biennially revised projections are by far the most detailed, best known, and most widely used. This well-deserved prominence reflects the Division's unparalleled access to national data, its in-house analytic experience and resources, and its willingness to draw on outside expertise whenever that might usefully complement its own. The most recent of the biennial projections, the 2002 Revision (United Nations 2003a), is the immediate predecessor of World Population in 2300, and indeed the former provides the year 2000 to 2050 component for the new set of long-term projections covering the next 300 years. This new set is not just one among the many. It is distinguished from the routine by an exceptionally brave ambition: to draw a picture of plausible demographic futures up to the year 2300 and to do so in extraordinary detail: country-by-country according to the political map of the early twenty-first century. (excerpt)
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