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  1. 1

    Levels and trends of contraceptive use as assessed in 1988.

    United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs

    New York, N.Y., United Nations, 1989. viii, 129 p. (Population Studies No. 110; ST/ESA/SER.A/110)

    This global review of contraceptive practice was conducted by the Population Division of the Department of International Economic and Social Affairs of the UN Secretariat as part of its regular program of studies of demographic trends. Increasing government interest in and support for family planning programs over the past several decades are reflected in the attention given to this topic in the World Population Plan of Action adopted in 1974 and the resolutions adopted at the International Conference on Population held in 1984. The report contains a comprehensive overview of survey-based data on the level of contraceptive use, types of methods employed, and recent trends in contraceptive practice. It discusses the availability of contraceptives to national populations, drawing on results of recent international studies. Updated global and regional estimates of average levels of contraceptive use and methods are included. 1 new feature is a discussion of the amount of growth in contraceptive use that will be needed if fertility is to decline in developing countries in accordance with UN population projections. A new reference table shows national survey measures of current contraceptive use, by method, for all available countries and dates. Data available through May 1988 are included in the review. Nationally representative sample survey data, which are considered to provide the most comprehensive available information about levels of contraceptive use and methods employed, were available for at least 1 date for 97 countries and areas containing over 80% of the world's population. The concentration of recent surveys in developing countries makes contraceptive practice 1 of the few demographic topics for which data are more timely and more comprehensive for developing regions as a whole than for the industrialized countries.
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  2. 2
    Peer Reviewed

    A perspective on long-term population growth.

    Demeny PG

    Population and Development Review. 1984 Mar; 10(1):103-26.

    This paper presents some of the results of projections prepared by the World Bank in 1983 for all the world's countries. The projections (presented against a background of recent demographic trends as estimated by the United Nations) trace the approach of each individual country to a stationary state. Implications of the underlying fertility and mortality assumptions are shown mainly in terms of time trends of total population to the year 2100, annual rates of growth, and absolute annual increments. These indices are shown for the largest individual countries, for world regions, and for country groupings according to economic criteria. The detailed predictive performance of such projections is likely to be poor but the projections indicate orders of magnitude characterizing certain aggregate demographic phenomena whose occurrence is highly probable and set clearly interpretable reference points useful in discussing contemporary issues of policy. (author's)
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