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    104664

    Concise report on the world population situation in 1993, with special emphasis on refugees.

    United Nations. Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis. Population Division

    New York, New York, United Nations, 1994. vii, 49 p. (ST/ESA/SER.A/138)

    The 137 paragraphs in this United Nations report detail trends, as of 1993, in the areas of refugees, population growth and distribution, fertility and mortality, international migration, and the environment. A stagnation in the decline of total fertility and changes in the age structure of the population have caused the world population growth rate to remain at about 1.7% per year since 1975. However, the gap between the growth rates of more and less developed countries increased from 0.7% in 1950-55 to 1.5% in 1985-90. 61% of developing countries consider their current population growth rates to be too high, and this is reflected in the growing number of countries that have population policies explicitly aimed at curbing overpopulation. At present, 36 of Africa's 53 countries have adopted fertility reduction policies. From 1985 to 1993, the world's refugee population increased from 8.5 to 19 million. Most of these refugees resettled in developing countries; also observed was a trend toward increased asylum applications in developed countries. Safeguarding the global environment (land, forests, and water) is emerging as a major rationale for reducing population growth rates.
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