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  1. 1
    045167

    Sterilizations by sex and percentages of: male to female sterilizations and total number of sterilizations as percentage of total new acceptors. 1979-1984.

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]. Western Hemisphere Region [WHR]

    [Unpublished] [1986]. 3 p.

    This is an International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) collection of data detailing numbers of sterilizations in each country of the western hemisphere from 1979 to 1985. The table presents sterilizations among males and females, total number of sterilizations, ratio of male to female expressed in percentages, and ratio of sterilizations to new acceptors also expressed as percentages. The countries with the numbers over 10,000 in 1986 were Columbia, Guatemala and the Dominican Republic. Countries with 1000 to 9999 were U.S., Honduras, Mexico, El Salvador, Ecuador and Brazil, in order. Most nations reported 5 to 10 times more female than male sterilizations. The exception was the U.S., with 10 times more vasectomies in the latter years. The total reported ranged from 63,400 in 1980 to 94,448 in 1985.
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  2. 2
    043987

    Laparoscopic tubal ligation under local anesthesia.

    Massouda D; Muram D

    JOURNAL OF THE TENNESSEE MEDICAL ASSOCIATION. 1986 Feb; 79(2):75-6.

    275 laparoscopic tubal ligations were done safely and economically at the Planned Parenthood of Memphis outpatient clinic from May 1983 to June 1985. Patients were carefully selected and counselled, eliminating those with previous abdominal surgery, excluding cesarean section, and those with ongoing pregnancy or serious gynecological or medical problems. The trained staff of experienced laparoscopic surgeons and certified registered nurse anesthetists practiced emergency procedures before surgery. Anesthesia was a minimal amount of nalbuphine (Nubain) 20 to 40 mg and droperidol (Inapsine) 1.25 to 2.5 mg; or fentanyl 0.1 to 0.25 mg and droperidol 1.25 to 2.5 mg; occasionally nitrous oxide inhalation. Some women received droperidol 1.25 to 2.5 mg or diazepam 2.5 to 5 mg beforehand. The laporoscopic procedure, performed through a small intraumbilical incision, employed the fallop ring. The incision was closed with 000 Dexon subcuticular sutures. There were minor side effects in 23: nausea in 20, vomiting in 2 and wound infection in 1. Two pregnancies occurred: 1 was not detected in the preliminary pregnancy test and the other was a procedure failure. The sterilization program is considered safe and resonably priced, $450 compared to $1150 to 1469 in area hospitals outpatient clinics.
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