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Status of family planning activities and involvement of international agencies in the Caribbean region [chart].
[Unpublished] 1970. 1 p.Add to my documents.
(Proceedings of the Southeast Asia Ministerial Conference. Kuala Lumpur, National Family Planning Board, 1970) 104 pHosted by the Government of Malaysia, this Conference assembled ministries from Malaysia, Indonesia, Laos, Nepal, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam and observers from Canada, Japan, U.S.A., Asian Development Bank, ECAFE, IPPF, OECD, Population Council, UNFPA, UNICEF and WHO to explore the possibilities of regional cooperation in family and population planning. This report summarizes the events of the conference and gives the text of statements by each participant delivered at the open session on the 1st day. The details of deliberations at the closed ministerial session and the 3 sessions for officials are not given. However, the report includes the text of the working papers prepared by the Conference Secretariat which served as the basis of discussion. The subjects of these working papers were the population problem in Southeast Asia, objectives of a regional program of cooperation in family and population planning, the activities to be undertaken and priority projects. A Working Committee was appointed by the officials. Its report served as the basis for the Joint Communique issued at the end of the Conference in which the Ministers announced their agreement to create an Inter-Governmental Coordinating Committee with the Government of Malaysia providing an interim Secretariat and to implement several intraregional projects of research, communication of information, exchange of personnel, sharing of members and Conference staff are appended.
Statement of the International Planned Parenthood Federation on the future of family planning associations.
In: David HP. Family planning and abortion in the Socialist countries of Central and Eastern Europe. New York, The Population Council, 1970. 304-6.A new form of family planning council suitable for countries in which family planning associations existed and governments are showing interest as well as for countries where governments have taken the initiative in family planning is emerging. The aims and objectives of such a council should be to: 1) eliminate misunderstanding, competition, and confusion between the government and/or a voluntary association; 2) establish short courses of practical training in family planning; 3) urge the government to include family planning facilities in all hospitals and health service units; 4) help establish supplementary services where needed; 5) ensure that all methods of contraception are available; 6) encourage research, testing, and evaluation of contraceptive methods; 7) ensure adequate payment for professional services for contraception; and 8) offer sex education and information on family planning planning. In terms of international goals, the national family planning council should be the national member of IPPF, act in liaison with their own government in activities for aid to developing countries, act as a negotiating body for other governments giving aid to their own country, and negotiate on behalf of their own government with any other grant-giving body. It is concluded that a national family planning council as outlined here may not be easy to establish in countries with already-existing family planning associations, but this system is considered to be the best possible way to achieve national and international cooperation, and it should be possible to make this system acceptable to almost every country.
Project agreement on family planning between the government of Pakistan and United Nations Fund for Population Activities.
[Unpublished] 1970 Aug. 17 p.Add to my documents.
Agreement between the government of Mauritius and the United Nations Fund for Population Activities.
[Unpublished] 1970 Dec. 8 pAdd to my documents.
N.Y., PP-WP, 1970. 37 pAdd to my documents.
In: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Development Center. International assistance for population programmes: recipient and donor views. Paris, OECD, 1970. p. 107-133Pakistan has been experiencing an increasing rate of population growth since the beginning of the 20th century. During the period from 1960 to 1965, about 40% of the economic growth was absorbed by population increase. In order to deal with this problem, the Family Planning Association of Pakistan was founded in 1953. It soon became recognized that the government would need to assume primary responsibility if family planning efforts were to be successful. The 3rd plan of Pakistan includes a revised and more comprehensive family planning scheme. The minimum goal set for the program is to reduce the birthrate from an estimated 50-40/1000 by reaching all the estimated 20,000,000 fertile couples by the year 1970. The current scheme in Pakistan is postulated on the following 6 basic assumptions: 1) family planning efforts need to be public relations oriented and not merely clinical; 2) operations should be conducted through autonomous bodies with decentralized authority; 3) monetary incentives play an important role; 4) interpersonal motivation in terms of life experiences of the clientele through familiar contacts along with mass media publicity should be used; 5) supplies and services should be easily available to all people; and 6) training, evaluation, and research should be multidimensional and continual as an integral part of the program. During the 4th Plan, 1970-1975, family planning efforts will be greatly expanded. Some of the main features of the 4th Plan will be an expansion of the field structure, more emphasis on training research and evaluation, inclusion of hormonal contraceptives, and increased relaince on sterilization.
In: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Development Center. International assistance for population programs: recipient and donor views. Paris, OECD, 1970. p. 159-173At the November Conference, the 1st day was devoted to discussion of the Rapporteur's Statement on the April Conference by the donors of aid, governmental, international, and private. Additionally, aid for family planning was reviewed. During the 2nd and 3rd days, donors and recipients jointly considered the Rapporteur's Statement on the April Conference and certain aspects of aid discussed by the donors on the 1st day. The discussion by donors on the 1st day of the Conference was based on a series of background papers. A table showing a breakdown of aid by donor, type of aid and recipient was discussed in detail as was a report on research work undertaken by the Center. Prior to the joint discussion on the 2nd and 3rd days, a general statement of the recipients' views on aid was given by Dr. Nafis Sadik of Pakistan. This introduction is reproduced here for review. The general discussions at both the April and November conferences revealed that long-term unconditional aid for a population program is the ideal as far as recipients are concerned. The donors, however, are not usually prepared to provide aid on these terms. Both donors and recipients did agree that long-term aid is preferable. The problem of meeting local costs is important where family planning programs are concerned, since they require relatively little foreign exchange. Recipient's expressed a clear preference for private rather than governmental aid, multilateral or bilateral, in many cases. Private aid is flexible, quick and nonpolitical and involves less red tape and paperwork. Other topics of concern in the general discussion were coordination, evaluation, population programs and the infrastructure, and advisers.
[Some aspects of regulating family size in India] Nekotorye aspekty regulirovaniya razmerov semi v Indii.
Sovetskoe Zdravookhranenie. 1970; 29:58-63.The family planning campaign that has been carried out in India is described. The methods of reducing the birthrate have been the prime concern of this burgeoning population, but this goal entails more than just contraception and quantitative decreases: achievements in improving the standard of living, raising levels of education in both general areas and in the understanding of India's demographic postion and needs, and in promoting the greater expansion of public health services. The role of WHO and UNICEF in the family planning program of this and other developing countries is examine. WHO/UNICEF maintain a policy of nonintervention in the adminstration of these measures, do not hold the country responsible for recommendations or for the encouragment of certain policies, and maintain that these countries must decide indpendently upon which policy to undertake.(Author's, modified)
Population program assistance: Aid to developing countries by the United States, other nations, international, and private agencies.
Washington, D.C., USAID, October 1970. 192 pIn 1970 AID funds supported family planning in 32 countries and help ed finance activities in many others through such organizations as the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), the Pathfinder Fund, the Population Council, and the U.N. Assistance in fiscal year 1970 totaled $74.5 million, up from $45.4 million in 1969. This money was used for: information/education/ communication activities, especially in Asia; research in demography, population dynamics, and administration of programs; contraceptives and clinical supplies; manpower training and de velopment; analysis and evaluation of programs; development of foreign institutions to back continuing efforts; and the development of population studies programs in U.S. institutions. Population studies and other topics of concern are coordinated by the U.S. Dept. of State, Special Assistant to the Secretary for Population Matters. The Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare is carrying out some studies affecting developing countries and the U.S. Information Agency provides information overseas. The Peace Corps has also worked in family planning on a limited scale. Private organizations include IPPF, Population Council, Pathfinder Fund, Ford and Rockefeller Foundations, Population Reference Bureau, Population Crisis Committee, and various church-related and special-interest service groups; these offer population assistance in a variety of ways ranging from financial assistance to family planning activities run in conjunction with other forms of medical or social assistance. The United Nations and its specialized agencies, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, and World Bank have also entered the population field, realizing that development efforts are being slowed or halted by mushrooming populations. Other Western European Governments are also contributing funds and expertese to the effort. The last portion of the book is a detailed look at the situation in each country assisted by AID.
Country Profiles, July 1970. 8 pFamily planning programs in Malaysia are firmly backed by government policy based on the Family Planning Act of 1966. The estimated population at the end of 1968 was 10 million. The country has a growth rate of 2.8%, a birthrate of 35.2, a death rate of 7.5, and per capita income of U.S.$1056, 1 of the highest in Asia. While the government provides budgetary support, the National Family Planning Board is able to function independently and receives cooperation from a number of Ministries. A strong voluntary Family Planning Association which has existed for many years continues to provide services and cooperates with the government program. The population is highly motivated, and all 3 major ethnic groups accept family planning services. Informational and motivational efforts are being advanced with the setting up of Regional Information Offices staffed by a full-time Information Officer and equipped with vehicles and audiovisual materials. The country's demographic characteristics, socioeconomic development, organization and administration of population programs, research and evaluation, the private sector, educational efforts, and foreign assistance are described.