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Guttmacher Policy Review. 2015 Spring; 18(2):27-33.The U.S. overseas program for family planning and reproductive health has been under attack from policymakers who are antiabortion and increasingly anti-family planning. The two most notorious of these attacks are the blocking of U.S. funding for the United Nations Population Fund and the enforcement of the global gag rule, which prohibits aid to foreign nongovernmental organizations that engage in abortion services or advocacy with non-U.S. funds. In an ongoing counterproductive cycle, these restrictions have come in and out of effect depending on the political party in power -- a struggle that is expected to heat up again with a socially conservative Congress.
Cambridge, Massachusetts, Belknap Press, 2008. xiv, 521 p.Rather than a conspiracy theory, this book presents a cautionary tale. It is a story about the future, and not just the past. It therefore takes the form of a narrative unfolding over time, including very recent times. It describes the rise of a movement that sought to remake humanity, the reaction of those who fought to preserve patriarchy, and the victory won for the reproductive rights of both women and men -- a victory, alas, Pyrrhic and incomplete, after so many compromises, and too many sacrifices. (Excerpt)
Notes from the Field. 2001 Sep; (9): p..Representatives from the Asociación Pro-Bienestar de la Familia Colombiana (PROFAMILIA) in Colombia visited the Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia (FGAE) in the second half of a technical assistance exchange project. FGAE is expanding its institutional focus from family planning to sexual and reproductive health with a special emphasis on young people. Representatives from the Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia (FGAE) and the IPPF Africa Regional Office visited PROFAMILIA/Colombia in March 2001 to see PROFAMILIA's youth programs and services first-hand. The exchange was the first half of a technical assistance project that is funded by the IPPF "i3" Youth Program (Innovate, Indicate, Inform). IPPF/WHR had identified PROFAMILIA as a "best practices" FPA which could offer its expertise in developing youth programs to the FPA in Ethiopia. Zhenja, the IPPF/WHR Communications Manager, was there to facilitate the visit and identify needs for technical assistance. (excerpt)
China: Helping the People's Republic of China introduce a gender perspective in its 'reoriented' family planning program.
Notes from the Field. 2001 Aug; (8): p..International Planned Parenthood Federation, Western Hemisphere Region staff traveled to China to provide technical assistance to the Ford Foundation project "Gender Perspective in Quality of Care in Family Planning." They reviewed some basic concepts of gender and quality, and then examined the six instruments in the manual that is being adapted for China. In July 2001, Judith H., director of IPPF/WHR's Sexual and Reproductive Health Unit, visited with members of the China Population Information and Research Center and the All-China Women's Federation in Beijing to provide technical assistance to the Ford Foundation-supported project, "Gender Perspective in Quality of Care in Family Planning." (excerpt)
Notes from the Field. 2001 Jul; (6): p..International Planned Parenthood Federation, Western Hemisphere Region staff visited Belize in June 2001 to work with the Belize Family Life Association (BFLA) on sustainability and management aspects of its strategic plan for sexual and reproductive health care. The slogan they developed was Efficient Services with a Human Face." IPPF/WHR Senior Program Advisors Lucella and Humberto were in Belize in June 2001 to work with IPPF/WHR's affiliate there, the Belize Family Life Association (BFLA), on the sustainability and management aspects of its strategic plan. BFLA recently received a grant from the Summit Foundation to construct a new headquarters that will allow for expanded services. (excerpt)
Guatemala: Orienting affiliates on the design and implementation of a state-of-the-art management system.
Notes from the Field. 2001 Jun; (5): p..A three-person team from International Planned Parenthood Federation, Western Hemisphere Region conducted a training workshop in Guatemala for several affiliates on the design and implementation of the Integrated Management System and also received feedback on the system. A three-person team from IPPF/WHR recently conducted a training workshop in Antigua, Guatemala for several IPPF/WHR affiliates on the design and implementation of the highly anticipated Integrated Management System (IMS). The workshop was an opportunity both to orient the participants to the new system as well as to get their feedback on the IMS and the extent to which it meets their needs. WHR team members included Leslie, Director of MIS, María Cristina, Regional Supplies Officer, and Rupal, Evaluation Officer. (excerpt)
Notes from the Field. 2001 May; (4): p..A team from International Planned Parenthood Federation, Western Hemisphere Region traveled to Trinidad to conduct a Proposal Writing Workshop for ten affiliates who have programs on HIV prevention and youth. Then they went to Guyana to provide technical assistance and training for a sustainability model. Lucella, IPPF/WHR's Senior Program Advisor for the Caribbean, was recently in Trinidad as a member of a team conducting a Proposal Writing Workshop for ten IPPF/WHR affiliates. The following week she traveled to Guyana with another team from WHR, one that provided training in the use of the S2000ä Financial Model, a cash flow forecasting tool developed by the EFS (Endowment Fund for Sustainability). (excerpt)
Notes from the Field. 2001 Apr; (3): p..Representatives from the Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia (FGAE) and the International Planned Parenthood Federation, Africa Regional Office visited the Asociación Pro-Bienestar de la Familia Colombiana (PROFAMILIA) in March 2001 to see PROFAMILIA's youth programs and services. The exchange was the first half of a technical assistance project; PROFAMILIA was identified as a "best practices" organization that could offer its expertise to FGAE. Representatives from PROFAMILIA/Colombia visited the Family Guidance Association of Ethiopia (FGAE) in August 2001 for the second half of a technical assistance exchange project. The project, which in March 2001 allowed for FGAE representatives to visit Colombia, is funded by the IPPF "i3" Youth Program (Innovate, Indicate, Inform). FGAE is expanding its institutional focus from family planning to sexual and reproductive health with a special emphasis on young people. PROFAMILIA was identified as a "best practices" organization to provide technical assistance on youth programs. (excerpt)
Notes from the Field. 2001 Apr; (2): p..A four-person team from International Planned Parenthood Federation, Western Hemisphere Region visited Haiti to provide technical assistance, focusing on project management and reporting, logistics and budgeting. A four-person team from IPPF/WHR was in Haiti on March 4th - 9th to work with two of the country's largest family planning organizations, PROFAMIL and FOSREF. Team members included Eva, a Program Advisor and resource development specialist; Rebecca, an Evaluation Officer; María Cristina, the Regional Supplies Officer; and Marcos, a Financial Advisor. IPPF/WHR monitors PROFAMIL's IPPF Vision 2000 Project to improve quality of care and increase access to SRH services. On this technical assistance visit, the IPPF/WHR team focused on project management and reporting, logistics, and budgeting. (excerpt)
New York, New York, International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF], Western Hemisphere Region [WHR], 2002 May 15.  p.On April 3, 2002, Steven Sinding, director-general designate of the International Planned Parenthood Federation, delivered a speech to the Commission on Population and Development in New York. The speech summarizes priorities for evaluating progress made in the implementation of the Program of Action adopted at the International Conference on Population and Developement in Cairo in 1994. I am making this statement today as director-general designate of the International Planned Parenthood Federation, the world's leading voluntary family planning organization. IPPF and its member associations are committed to promoting the right of women and men to decide freely the number, timing, and spacing of their children and the right to the highest possible level of sexual and reproductive health. Founded in 1952, it is a federation linking autonomous national Family Planning Associations working in more than 180 countries around the world, initiating, promoting and providing sexual and reproductive health and rights-based services. Celebrating its 50th anniversary this year, IPPF is proud to have an opportunity to address this meeting of the Commission on Population and Development (CPD). (excerpt)
Notes from the Field. 2002 Feb; (13): p..Several NGOs and government agencies, including IPPF/WHR's affiliate PROFAMIL, are working hard to address the sexual and reproductive health needs of women, men, and youth in Haiti. Recently, IPPF/WHR has sought to support these efforts by strengthening the capacity of PROFAMIL and other agencies to develop and implement results-oriented projects that can become sustainable. A four-person team from IPPF/WHR traveled to Haiti in January 2002 to conduct a project design and proposal writing workshop with representatives from several local NGOs, including PROFAMIL, FOSREF, VDH, UNFPA, and the ministries of Health and Education. Participants came armed with statistics and other information on a specific problem that their organization would like to address, as well as intervention ideas. First, participants developed conceptual models for their project ideas; then they wrote actual proposals to seek funding. Participants used tools, such as a conceptual model and a logical framework, to assist them in the project design and proposal-writing process, with a particular emphasis on integrating monitoring and evaluation plans into their proposed interventions. (excerpt)
The USAID population program in Ecuador: a graduation report. [El Programa de USAID para la población de Ecuador aprueba su examen final. Informe]
Washington, D.C., LTG Associates, Population Technical Assistance Project [POPTECH], 2001 Oct.  p. (POPTECH Publication No. 2001–031–006; USAID Contract No. HRN–C–00–00–00007–00)For nearly 30 years, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) provided assistance for population, family planning, and reproductive health programs in Ecuador. Throughout the early years, USAID worked with both private and public sector institutions to establish a broad base for national awareness of and support for family planning and for the introduction of contraceptive services. USAID led all other donors in this sector in terms of financial, technical, and contraceptive commodity assistance. Upon reflection of the accomplishments of the USAID population program during these years and considering its most recent Strategic Objective of “increased use of sustainable family planning and maternal child health services,” it is apparent that the Agency was successful in this endeavor and has adequately provided for the graduation of its local partners, particularly those in the private sector, where USAID had directed the major focus of its assistance over the past decade. During the last and final phase of assistance, 1992–2001, the USAID strategy focused primarily on assuring the financial and institutional sustainability of the two largest local nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) that provide family planning services. USAID/Ecuador worked in partnership with the Asociación Pro-bienestar de la Familia Ecuatoriana (APROFE), which is the Ecuadorian affiliate of the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), and the Centro Médico de Orientación y Planificación Familiar (CEMOPLAF)—institutions that provide contraceptive and other reproductive health services. At the same time, in order to assure that the necessary tools were in place for future program monitoring, planning, and evaluation, USAID assistance was provided to the Centro de Estudios de Población y Desarrollo Social (CEPAR). (excerpt)
Population and Development Review. 2002 Dec; 28(4):707-733.We begin by briefly describing the shift in population policies. We then set out two theoretical frameworks expected to account for national reactions to the new policy: first, the spontaneous spread of new cultural items and the coalescence of a normative consensus about their value, and second, the directed diffusion of cultural items by powerful Western donors. We then describe our data and evaluate its quality. Subsequently, we analyze the responses of national elites in our five study countries to the Cairo agenda in terms of discourse and implementation. In our conclusion, we evaluate these responses in terms of the validity of the two theoretical frameworks. (excerpt)
Arlington, Virginia, John Snow [JSI], Family Planning Logistics Management [FPLM], 2000. x, 67 p. (USAID Contract No. CCP-C-00-95-00028-00)This report documents the status of technical assistance provided by the USAID-funded Family Planning Logistics Management project to the Bangladesh Family Planning Program in developing a countrywide contraceptive logistics system. A study conducted in November 1999 to evaluate the impact of technical assistance on logistics management and contraceptive security is detailed. The report concludes with findings from the study, lessons learned, and recommendations to continue improvements in the system. (author's)
[The role and responsibility of volunteers in context of APFs] Papel e responsabilidade dos voluntarios no contexto das APFs.
Sexualidade e Planeamento Familiar. 2001 Jan-Jun; (29-30):37-9.The International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) is considered the primary organization in the world in the area of sexual and reproductive health, however, potential donors have viewed it as too rigid. The IPPF organized a task force to confront this charge and come up with recommendations for improvement. Their proposal was that IPPF should be comprised of a diverse collection of volunteers in terms of age, sex, socioeconomic origin, occupation, performance, race, creed as well as linguistic and geographical representation in such a way that this can represent the communities in which they function.
The International Conference on Population and Development, September 5-13, 1994, Cairo, Egypt. Nepal's country report.
Kathmandu, Nepal, National Planning Commission, 1993 Sep. vi, 49 p.Prepared for the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development, this country report from Nepal opens with a description of the geographic features and administrative regions, zones, and districts of the country. 91% of the population of Nepal is rural, and agriculture accounts for 57% of the gross domestic product. Nepal has made some socioeconomic gains from 1961 to 1991 which are reflected in improved life expectancy (from 34 to 54.4 years), a decline in the infant mortality rate (from 200 to 102), and an improvement in the literacy rate (from 9 to > 40%). However, the per capital income of US $180 and rapid population growth have impeded improvement in the standard of living. The new government of Nepal is committed to establishing a better balance between population and the environment. This report provides a discussion of population growth and structure; population distribution, urbanization, and migration; the environment and sustainable development; the status of women; population policies and programs (highlighting the population policy of the plan for 1992-97); the national family planning program and health programs; and intervention issues. A 15-point summary is provided, and details of the objectives, priorities, and major policy thrust in regard to population and development of the Eight Plan (1992-97) are appended.
Choices. 2001 Autumn; 9-11.The International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) Field Office was opened in Almaty, Kazakhstan in 1996 to assist nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) that are new or pending members of the IPPF European Network. This document summarizes the advocacy, capacity-building and media work of that office.
FPAN NEWSLETTER. 2000 May-Aug; 20(3-4):7-8.On World Population Day, the Ministry of Population and Environment awarded a cash prize of Rupees 50,000 and a certificate to the Family Planning Association of Nepal (FPAN) for its outstanding work and contribution in the field of population and reproductive health. On the same event, FPAN also inaugurated a photo exhibit on “Reproductive Health and Sex Education”. A variety of photographs were collected from prominent photographers and contestants and were displayed for 3 days for public viewing. The function was attended by representatives from various international nongovernmental organizations/governmental organizations and government officials. Moreover, Mr. Sunil Kumar Bhandari, past president of FPAN also received a certificate of appreciation for his dedicated work and contribution to the population program. It is emphasized that receiving two awards on the occasion of the World Population Day has been a great honor and recognition of FPANs work by the Government.
JOICFP NEWS. 2000 Feb; (308):3.This article reports the activities undertaken by the Nepalese in order to sustain the JOICFP/Family Planning Association of Nepal (FPAN) project in the Panchkhal and Sunsari areas. With the end of UN Population Fund financial support to the project in 1999, Aiko Iijima, JOICFP Human Resource Division Director, visited Nepal to collaborate with project managers and community leaders in the project areas to help sustain the project activities. These activities covered 6 villages in Sunsari, which formed their own nongovernmental organizations and established a trust fund, while the remaining 5 villages are awaiting the approval of the Ministry of Health. Also through the JOICFP Voluntary Fund, 11 villages were provided with US$760, provided that each village raised a matching fund of at least 25%. Furthermore, FPAN proposed that 6 Japanese Overseas Cooperation Volunteers be dispatched to the project, and that a senior volunteer work with a Nepalese community health expert to support and supervise the volunteers. In addition, a Family Welfare Center was constructed in Sunsari, and the Village Health Committee of Haraicha, Morang District, organized a contest for the healthiest baby.
JOICFP NEWS. 1999 Jan; (295):2.64 representatives of UNFPA, Pathfinder, and the Johns Hopkins University, together with high-level representatives of Ministries of Health and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) from the Bahamas, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Peru attended a conference on advocating sexuality education in school programs in the region. The conference, held October 22-26, 1998, was organized by JOICFP and the Mexican Foundation for Family Planning (MEXFAM) in collaboration with UNFPA and IPPF. Conference participants exchanged experiences upon sexuality education in school programs through group discussions and panel and country presentations. One goal of the conference was to strengthen the links between the various Ministries of Education and NGOs in the field of human sexuality. Recommendations for promoting adolescent reproductive health from Latin America and the Caribbean Region to ICPD+5 were made by 3 work groups and accepted by all participants as the outcome of the conference. Steps are currently being taken to develop and implement school curricula designed to raise the levels of awareness among youths of the important relationship between population and sustainable growth, as well as health issues and sexual equality.
JOICFP NEWS. 1999 Jan; (295):1.The 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), held in Cairo and attended by 80 government delegations, opened the door to a new phase of cooperation between government organizations (GOs) and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). A strong partner at Cairo, the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) had its Vision 2000 Strategic Plan incorporated into the ICPD Program of Action. Participants at the ICPD+5 conference, to be held in the Hague in 1999, will review what has happened since the original ICPD in 1994. IPPF, the largest NGO in reproductive health and family planning (RH/FP), will be a voice for NGOs and participate in monitoring at ICPD+5. IPPF has encouraged countries to establish national focal points on RH/FP and is now working through a monthly newsletter to keep family planning associations (FPAs), women's unions, and youth groups informed. IPPF is also participating in roundtables with UNFPA and other organizations, as well as with the UN Population Division. The recent and ongoing shift away from core funding to project-specific funding has weakened the structure of existing FPAs. Strengthening the implementation of Vision 2000 is discussed. Japan has consistently been an active partner, supporting IPPF and FPAs in many countries.
IPPF AND CAIRO PLUS 5. 1998 Aug; (3):1.IPPF recognizes that NGOs have made a significant contribution to family planning, and reproductive and sexual health programs and that they have an advantage over governments in providing services which are innovative, flexible and responsive to people's real needs. In many countries NGOs are the voice of the people often speaking on behalf of those whose interests and needs would otherwise be unheard. As the world's largest voluntary organization in the field of sexual and reproductive health, including family planning, IPPF actively promotes and seeks collaboration with governments and private sector. This is reflected throughout IPPF's Strategic Plan, Vision 2000, which calls for active partnership with governments and NGOs to promote family planning and sexual and reproductive health. The Federation is determined to ensure that women's equality and right to family planning, sexual and reproductive health remain a priority in national and international development policies and advocates sound government policy to safeguard the individual's right to reproductive and sexual health. (full text)
REACHING OUT. 1998 Spring; 17:1-2.The Asociacion Demografica Salvadorena (ADS) has been working with the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) in El Salvador since November 1995 to provide sexual and reproductive health services to the country's working classes. UNFPA funding is provided through the Salvadoran government. ADS has entered the commercial and labor sectors to provide sexual and reproductive health services, and expand related public education programs to marginalized working class urban residents of El Salvador's Zona Central. The project has thus far created 25 Reproductive Health Units (UDESAR) in a number of companies, overseen by trained personnel who offer family planning and counseling services, including family planning methods, and the detection of cervical/uterine cancer, breast self-examination, HIV/STD prevention, and the determination of reproductive risk. Volunteers trained by ADS in sexual and reproductive health from a gender perspective, including decision-making and raising women's levels of self-esteem and decision-making capabilities in family planning, safe sex, and general sexual health, help project leaders by educating and motivating co-workers. ADS's involvement in promoting reproductive health in El Salvador has also given the organization an opportunity to broaden its relationship with international agencies.
JOICFP NEWS. 1998 Jun; (288):2.There are many reproductive health (RH) needs to be met in South Asia. However, while the countries who participated in the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) broadened their approach to RH and agreed upon the need to take care of RH, they have failed to provide the funds which they have pledged for RH. The broad perspective of the ICPD program of action, covering health and other components such as information, unsafe abortion, sexual health, and the abuse of women, makes it difficult for family planning associations (FPAs) to secure the funds they need to continue operating. Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) are successfully achieving many things that governments could not. As such, governments should give NGOs enough time to become self-sustaining before cutting or withdrawing much needed funding. FPAs are currently trying to generate income through the sale of services and technical expertise. They are also tapping local businesses, philanthropists, and other local NGOs for support. Japan should be praised for maintaining its level of funding support.
FPAN NEWSLETTER. 1998 Mar-Apr; 18(2):1-2.Nepal's Minister of Health at the 21st Central Council Meeting of the Family Planning Association of Nepal (FPAN) noted that Nepal was experiencing major migration problems due to its open borders between China and India. Migration problems have been exacerbated by both refugees from Bhutan and the forced return migration of Nepalese-origin Indians from some Indian states. Internal migration from the hills to the teral region is also aggravating population-related problems in the country. FPAN needs to educate and provide family planning services to the rural poor population which is in need of services, yet can neither support nor educate itself. With family planning already effectively practiced among the educated and affluent, focus should be upon reaching the rural poor with the family planning program. The FPAN president urged the government of Nepal to integrate population into development programs and stressed that program success and sustainability depend upon the level of community involvement. The council meeting was held to review progress made in 1997, and to decide upon policies, programs, and directives for the future.