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  1. 1

    Report of the second advisory group meeting held in Kuala Lumpur at the Hotel Majestic on the 18-19 September 1972.

    Inter Governmental Coordinating Commitee. Southeast Asia Regional Cooperation in Family and Population Planning. Secretariat

    [Unpublished] 1972. 67 p.

    This report of the proceedings of the 2nd Advisory Group Meeting covers the following: the workshop sessions; the progress report; the role and functions of the Intergovernmental Coordinating Committee (IGCC); and the speech of Encik Mohd. Khir Johardi. The progress report reviews all the projects and programs that will be initially implemented by the Secretariat IGCC: the regional program for observation and exchange of information; the regional program for exchange of experience through workshop in the various activities of family and population planning; clearinghouse activity; regional research project on thromboembolic disease; the special project to assist member countries without a national family planning program (Laotian Seminar, consultants for Khmer Republic, training 12 Khmers in the Philippines, the contraceptive supplies for the Khmer Republic); population and development planning workshop; joint ECAFE/IGCC/Government of Malaysia Training Course for Statisticians and Demographers; workshop on adult education and family planning; regional incentive program; Second Ministerial Conference and Third IGCC Meeting; and first obstetrician and gynecological meeting within the IGCC Member Countries. Member of the senior government officials who met at the 1st and 2nd Meeting were keen on the idea of exchange of professional staff among member countries for a short period of time. Some of the participants particularly at the 2nd Senior Government Officials Meeting felt that it is necessary to set up IGCC Regional Training Center to be utilized for the training of all facets of family planning program within the IGCC Region. Appendixes review backgrounds and objectives of the visits to Singapore, Indonesia, and the Philippines; report on the 1st Regional Training Workshop in Jakarta during December 1972, progress to date on clearinghouse activities, the ECAFE trip during August 1972, and the First National Seminar on Population and Family Well Being during August 1972; and discuss the population and development planning workshop proposal, the proposed workshop by IGCC on adult education and family life planning, and the proposed meeting of panel of regional advisers on sexual sterilization.
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  2. 2

    Quality of family planning services.

    United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]

    New York, New York, UNFPA, 1997. iv, 51 p. (Evaluation Report No. 8)

    This document presents an evaluation report made by the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) on the quality of family planning services in Botswana, Ecuador, Indonesia, Mexico, Niger, Pakistan, Turkey, and Vietnam. This thematic evaluation aimed to assess the extent to which UNFPA-supported family planning service programs are being complied based on the Guidelines for UNFPA Support with Family Planning Programs. The introductory part offers background information, purpose and methodology adopted in evaluating the services and presents summaries of case-study projects. Evaluation findings are discussed along six dimensions: choice of contraceptive methods; technical competence; information and counseling; interpersonal relations; mechanisms to encourage continuation; and appropriateness and acceptability of family planning services. Finally, this report outlines conclusions and recommendations concerning policy and programmatic issues.
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  3. 3

    Integrating AIDS components into the region's family planning programs.

    IPPF / WHR FORUM. 1993 May; 9(1):18-9.

    Married and young, single women are most at risk for AIDS. Many women in developing countries typically do not receive health services from any source other than family planning clinics. As such, family planning programs must rally to offer clients accurate and complete information on AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases (STD). The International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) in 1987 established an AIDS prevention unit with funding from the British Overseas Development Administration; they have worked since to integrate AIDS prevention into family planning programs worldwide. In May 1988, the Office of IPPF's Western Hemisphere Region (WHR) created the staff position of Project Officer for AIDS Prevention. This position has provided technical assistance, project funding, training, and the distribution of educational materials for family planning associations (FPA) in Latin America and the Caribbean. FPAs are perfectly positioned to counsel on AIDS and other STDs, and developing a community-based STD/AIDS prevention program can really help associations gain visibility and effectiveness in communities. IPPF/WHR will therefore increase its assistance to FPAs over the next 5 years for the purpose of promoting safer sex mainly through development programs and establishing infection control procedures.
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  4. 4

    Ivory Coast: diagnosing the quality of care through an improved management information system. Final report (condensed).

    Koffi K; Huntington D

    [Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire], Association Ivoirienne pour le Bien-Etre Familial [AIBEF] 1993 Jan. [2], 19, [6] p. (USAID Contract No. DPE-3030-Z-00-8065-00)

    AIBEF, the Cote d'Ivoire's IPPF affiliate, is expanding its family planning program and wants to maintain quality control. The organization has a management information system in place upon which it depends to monitor program effectiveness and efficiency. The system employs the following components to garner program-pertinent data: clinic consultation cards which are filled out by each new acceptor and updated during each subsequent visit, monthly clinic service statistics reports from each clinic, and client daily log books. A cohort sample of 1000 new acceptors was followed for 6 months in 1992 to obtain preliminary indications of their experience relative to the quality of care received. It was found that AIBEF clients have an average of 3 living children and 41% were breast feeding at the time of 1st visit to a clinic. With the exception of women who stated that they desired to bear no more children, no clear association was found between clients' reproductive intentions and contraceptive methods chosen. 66% of all women sampled were using oral contraceptives. 45% of women who were breast feeding, however, were receiving oral contraceptives contraindicated to this practice. Moreover, with 63% of acceptors of oral contraceptives ceasing to return to the same clinic for services after 6 months, it is suggested that a large proportion abandon services within a short period of time. On the basis of these findings, it is recommended that greater effort be given to develop informed choice among clients based on method availability; guidelines be issued to staff regarding informing new acceptors of potential method side effects and the counseling of appropriate contraceptives for breast feeding women; greater emphasis be given to nonhormonal methods; and community outreach services such as community-based distribution be developed to reach acceptors who do not return for follow-up.
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  5. 5

    Developing an information, education and communication strategy for population programmes. Draft.

    Cohen SI; Sikes OJ

    [Unpublished] 1992 Mar 16. 58 p. (UNFPA Technical Advisory Note)

    UNFPA has prepared guidelines to help population programs which already have an operational family planning service delivery system to develop an information, education, and communication (IEC) strategy. To develop an IEC strategy, planners first need to decide what are the most serious problems to address, to anticipate the most serious obstacles of implementing the intervention, to identify national sectoral population problems, and to specify objectives and inputs of IEC interventions. Prior to formulating quantified objectives, however, population program staff must oversee audience research studies which collect and analyze data on current behavior, attitudes, and knowledge gaps among target groups. IEC strategy development often requires an assessment of the beliefs and attitudes of family planning providers and secondary audiences. National population programs have 3 IEC strategy levels: a general multisectoral strategy, sectoral strategies, and project strategies. After agreeing on general population problems and goals, planners need to identify the various primary and secondary target audiences and then tailor messages to the specific needs of the target audiences. Primary audiences are groups the program hopes will change their behavior. Secondary audiences are groups the program wants to positively influence the primary audience such as political leaders. An analysis of background influences is also important to determine what groups(s) will oppose and try to counteract the messages, their communication strategy, and the reaction of various leaders to messages. The IEC strategy should include several channels of communication such as mass media, audiovisual aids, folk media, interpersonal communication, community organizations, and contraceptive distributors. After implementation of intervention strategies, the population program should collect and analyze data to monitor and evaluate the IEC strategy. It should learn from these processes and then revise the strategy accordingly.
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  6. 6

    Report of the IPPF/UNESCO Experts Meeting on Clearing House Facilities for Communication Materials and Equipment for Family Planning and Population Activities. Held in London at the IPPF Central Office, 18-20 Lower Regent Street, London, S.W.1.

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]

    [Unpublished] 1971. 8 p.

    The International Planned Parenthood Federation/UNESCO Meeting on Clearinghouse Facilities for Communication Materials and Equipment for Family Planning and Population Activities met in London during October 1971 to consider the role of the mass media in family planning programs. Due to the fact that it is unlikely that a single institution would become resonsible for all clearinghouse functions with respect to communications materials for family planning and population activities, meeting participants gave consideration to ways and means for using and building on existing facilities so that better service could be provided to those countries in need of help. Participants felt that a clearinghouse should be an active agency, whose basic objectives would be to stimulate effective and economic use of communications materials and equipment. Thus, it must begin with the collection of materials and equipment from all possible sources, the collection being used for reference at site; as prototype material; and for direct use elsewhere. Basic activities should include: collection of materials (or information about materials, the context of use, including audience, effectiveness, and evaluation; processing of materials and information; dissemination of materials and information concerning their use; feedback and processing of information from the user; and identification of gaps and stimulation of production to fill these. The total materials field to be covered is vast but may be considered under the following major headings: training (professional, technical, and auxiliary); program -- public information (via mass media or campaigns), community education (nonformal), and formal education systems (schools, adult education); and research. For each heading, materials would need to be further subdivided according to users. The meeting, feeling that it would be advantageous to start with a more limited target until experience was gained, and considering that the greatest need appeared to be demonstrated in the area of training, decided to recommend that materials suitable for this objective should be chosen for priority development. 3 types of training materials are needed: basic information (content) on population and family planning; instructional materials (models, other teaching aids, textbooks); and information (on hows and whys) and materials to help teach communication skills. Much consideration was given to the kind of organization that might be developed. The meeting recognized the existing facilities of a number of organizations already involved in clearinghouse activities at various levels and noted the extent to which the IPPF has already developed such services for its own affiliated nongovernmental members at both central and regional levels. The meeting felt that the participating organizations could provide much of the information which would be needed to implement activities. Specific recommendations are outlined.
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  7. 7

    IPPF/UNESCO Experts Meeting on Clearing House Facilities for Audio-Visual Aids and Teaching Materials, 20th - 23rd October, 1971, IPPF, London, S.W.1. Background paper.

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]

    [Unpublished] 1971. [33] p.

    Significantly for this International Planned Parenthood Federation/UNESCO Meeting on Clearing House Facilities for Audiovisual Aids and Teaching Materials, the proportion of work and of funding devoted to education, information, and training is steadily increasing. Program activities in need of audiovisual aids and teaching materials include: components designed to motivate people to practice family planning and to persuade opinion leaders to support program objectives (face-to-face communication and mass media outlets); training courses; and the education of government officials, opinion leaders, the community, young people both in and out of school, and family planning acceptors. Discussion of the present state of clearing house facilities for audiovisual aids and teaching materials covers the following: UN agencies, government activities, nongovernment organizations. UNESCO, WHO, FAO, ILO, AND UNICEF have services in audiovisual materials, including the production and distribution of films, photographs, and printed materials. These services illustrate the broad areas of activity of each agency and until the present time family planning and population problems have not featured very prominently in these materials. Many of them are used extensively in family planning programs because they demonstrate the health and socioeconomic development aspects to which family planning is related. Materials produced by the specialized agencies circulate through regional and national offices and are at the disposal of other agencies for loan usually without charge. Donor governments vary in the emphasis they place on educational materials. The Population Council is a nongovernmental organization which has been particularly active in the past in the production and distribution of audiovisual aids and teaching mterials. Among the universities, the Carolina Population Center has established an educational materials unit which produces audiovisual aids for use at home and overseas. The IPPF houses a rapidly growing collection of films, slides, and filmstrips, printed materials, nonprojected aids, and models relating to family planning motivation, training, population, and sex education. Some factors to be taken into account in considering the feasibility of establishing an international clearing house for audiovisual aids and teaching materials include: means of assessing levels of expressed demand; possibility of stimulating demand for audiovisual aids and teaching materials in family planning information and education programs; possiblity of promoting knowledge and understanding of the proposed clearing house at all levels of operation; extent of personnel equipped and trained to utilize audiovisual aids and teaching materials; adaptability of materials to local situations; desirability of a central, regional, or combination structure; and funding. Factors to be considered in formulating a blueprint for an international clearing house include: scope of materials to be handled by clearing house; problems inherent in identification and collection of materials; need for services to support circulation of materials; international transportation of materials; storage; need for a reporting system and evaluation; and policy with regard to meeting clients' equipment requirements and to payment by client.
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