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London, England, International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF], 1989. 68 p.The International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) surveyed male involvement projects in 7 Family Planning Associations (FPAs) as a preliminary step for program development. Male involvement was defined as organizational activities aimed at men, with the objective of improving family planning practice of either sex. The 1987-1988 survey, which consisted of interviews of FPA staffers in Ghana and Nigeria, Cyprus, Thailand, 4 Caribbean islands, Mexico, Egypt and Nepal, sought to identify FPA activities directed at men; to examine their relative effectiveness, especially against other priorities of the FPAs; and to develop criteria for future male projects. The study concluded that male involvement activities make up a greater part of FPA programs than generally believed: programs included male-targeted community-based contraceptive distribution (CBD), community centers, education in the workplace, contraceptive social marketing (CSM), youth centers, vasectomy clinics, family life education, distribution of educational materials and promotional events. Male groups proved relatively easy to reach for educational work but the effectiveness of the education was uneven and evaluation largely nonexistent. The debate between encouraging CSM programs by independent marketing organizations or continuing more expensive smaller-scale CBD will need to be resolved. The study recommended greater attention to curriculum design; information, education and communication projects; adolescent counselling and contraceptive services; CSM to promote condom use; education and service delivery to the workplace; and in each of these areas, effective and continuous evaluation. An annex provides detailed country reports with the data for the survey.