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Hong Kong, Family Planning Association of Hong Kong, 1984.  p.This 1983-84 Annual Report of the Family Planning Association of Hong Kong lists council and executive members as well as subcommittee members and volunteers for 1983 and provides information on the following: administration of the Association; clinical services; education; information; International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) activities; laboratory services; library service; motivation; personnel resource development and production; the Sexually Assualted Victims Service; studies and evaluation; subfertility service; surgical service; training; the Vietnamese Refugees Project; women's clubs; the Youth Advisory Service; and youth volunteer development. In 1983, there was a total of 45,384 new cases; total attendance at clinics was 261,992. A series of thirteen 5-minute segments on sex education was produced as part of a weekly television youth program. An 8-session sexual awareness seminar continued to receive a very good response. To meet the increasing demand of young couples for better preparation towards satisfactory sexual adjustment in marriage, a 3-session seminar on marriage was regularly conducted every month during 1983. 13 seminars were held, reaching a total of 374 participants. Other education efforts included a family planning talk, the Kwun Tong Population and Family Life Education Week, and 39 sessions of talks and lectures on various topics related to family planning and sex education. The year-long information campaign was organized in response to the 1982 Knowledge, Attitude, Practice findings that many couples still fail to recognize the concept of shared responsibility in family planning. Laboratory services include hepatitis screening, premarital check-up examinations, pap smear, the venereal disease research laboratory test (VDRL), and seminal fluid examinations. Throughout the year, 256 interviews were given to sexually assaulted victims. To arouse the awareness of the public with regard to preventing rape through education, counselors conducted talks and gave radio and television interviews on the Sexually Assaulted Victims Service. The records of the 3 sub-fertility clinics showed that altogether in 1983 there were 1355 new cases and 561 old cases, with a total attendance of 6682. 144 pregnancies also were recorded. Training programs included sex education seminars for social workers, a sex education course for secondary school teachers, a sex education seminar for student guidance officers, and an advanced course on human sexuality for teachers and social workers.
Sex education and family planning services for adolescents in Latin America: the example of El Camino in Guatemala.
[Unpublished] 1984. ix, 54,  p.This report examines the organizational development of Centro del Adolescente "El Camino," an adolescent multipurpose center which offers sex education and family planning services in Guatemala City. The project is funded by the Pathfinder Fund through a US Agency for International Development (USAID) population grant from 1979 through 1984. Information about the need for adolescent services in Guatemala is summarized, as is the organizational history of El Camino and the characteristics of youngg people who came there, as well as other program models and philosophies of sex education in Guatemala City. Centro del Adolescente "El Camino" represents the efforts of a private family planning organization to develop a balanced approach to serving adolescents: providing effective education and contraceptives but also recognizing that Guatemalan teenagers have other equally pressing needs, including counseling, health care, recreation and vocational training. The major administrative issue faced by El Camino was the concern of its external funding sources that an adolescent multipurpose center was too expensive a mechanism for contraceptive distribution purposes. A series of institutional relationships was negotiated. Professionals, university students, and younger secondary students were involved. Issues of fiscal accountability, or the cost-effectiveness of such multipurpose adolescent centers, require consideration of the goals of international funding agencies in relation to those of the society in question. Recommendations depend on whether the goal is that of a short-term contraception distribution program with specific measurable objectives, or that of a long-range investment in changing a society's attitudes about sex education for children and youth and the and the provision of appropriate contraceptive services to sexually active adolescents. Appendixes are attached. (author's modified)
[Unpublished] 1981. 9 p.Recognizing a need to provide help to mentally handicapped women with fertility related problems, the Family Planning Association of Hong Kong established a clinic for the mentally handicapped in May 1979. The basic rationale for the service was the United Nations 1971 proclamation of a Declaration on the Rights of Mentally Retarded Persons and its call for the protection of these rights. Articles of particular interest in the declaration are listed. After studying the situation, the Association began by introducing a series of educational activities and establishing the special clinic. Several pilot programs were conducted with the cooperation of the Pine Hill Village schools following the workshop organized for professionals working with mentally handicapped youths. Experience from those projects indicated that special skills and materials would be required in order to teach sex education to the mild to moderate grade mentally handicapped youths. 9 welfare agencies cooperated in a project to develop sex education. A monthly sex education course for parents of mentally handicapped children was initiated in September 1980 to help them understand aspects of the child's sexual behavior and how to cope with it. Since May 1979 the Association has been operating a pilot special clinic with a team made up of a gynecologist, psychiatrist, clinical psychologist, counselor, and nurse. Services include self-management skills in menstrual hygiene and preliminary assessment for determining appropriate birth control methods. The clinic has handled 92 cases thus far, and 4 case histories are presented to illustrate the nature and scope of the services.
Overview: 1975. Contraceptive services of the family planning programs of IPPF in the Western Hemisphere.
New York, International Planned Parenthood Federation, Western Hemsisphere Region, Medical Department, Nov. 1976. 28 pAdd to my documents.
(Description of the World Health Organization Special Programme of Research, Development, and Research Training in Human Reproduction.) (Statement, May 2, 1978))
In: United States. Congress. House of Representatives. Select Committee on Population. Population and development: research in population development: needs and capacities. Vol. 3. Hearings, May 2-4, 1978. Washington, D.C., U.S. Government Printing Office, 1978. p. 213-286The World Health Organization's Special Programme of research, Development, and Research Training in Human Reproduction is supported by 150 member governments spending over 15 million dollars on 5 specific areas of research: 1) effectiveness of existing birth control methods; 2) development of new methods; 3) psychosocial factors and health service delivery; 4) health rationale for family planning; and 5) infertility. A primary goal of the program is to strengthen fertility research within the developing country. Some results of WHO research on specific contraceptive practices found the following. Depo-Provera was frequently discontinued because the amenorrhea percentage over 90 days increased from 13% to 35% during the 4th injection interval. Male contraceptives are acceptable to 50% of men in Fiji, India, Korea, Mexico and the United States with a daily pill more desirable than a monthly injection. A majority of women believe that menstruation is the removal of impure blood, and that intercourse should not occur at that time.
San Francisco, San Francisco Press, 1974. 292 p.Despite its high effectiveness, lack of side effects, ease of use, and low cost, condom utilization has declined in the U.S. from 30% of contracepting couples in 1955 to 15% in 1970. The present status of the condom, actions needed to facilitate its increased availability and acceptance, and research required to improve understanding of factors affecting its use are reviewed in the proceedings of a conference on the condom sponsored by the Battelle Population Study Center in 1973. It is concluded that condom use in the U.S. is not meeting its potential. Factors affecting its underutilization include negative attitudes among the medical and family planning professions; state laws restricting sales outlets, display, and advertising; inapplicable testing standards; the National Association of Broadcasters' ban on contraceptive advertising; media's reluctance to carry condom ads; manufacturer's hesitancy to widen the range of products and use aggressive marketing techniques; and physical properties of the condom itself. Further, the condom has an image problem, tending to be associated with venereal disease and prostitution and regarded as a hassle to use and an impediment to sexual sensation. Innovative, broad-based marketing and sales through a variety of outlets have been key to effective widespread condom usage in England, Japan, and Sweden. Such campaigns could be directed toward couples who cannot or will not use other methods and teenagers whose unplanned, sporadic sexual activity lends itself to condom use. Other means of increasing U.S. condom utilization include repealing state and local laws restricting condom sales to pharmacies and limiting open display; removing the ban on contraceptive advertising and changing the attitude of the media; using educational programs to correct erroneous images; and developing support for condom distribution in family planning programs. Also possible is modifying the extreme stringency of condom standards. Thinner condoms could increase usage without significantly affecting failure rates. More research is needed on condom use-effectiveness in potential user populations and in preventing venereal disease transmission; the effects of condom shape, thickness, and lubrication on consumer acceptance; reactions to condom advertising; and the point at which an acceptable level of utilization has been achieved.
New York, International Planned Parenthood Federation, Western Hemisphere Region, Medical Division, September 1975. 49 pThis is a compilation of family planning services provided by associations operating in the Western Hemisphere Region. Separate tables are compiled for 1973 and 1974. A list of each family planning program included in the study is appended to the report. The report does not guarantee the completeness or accuracy of the data; problems with reliability of data point up the necessity for a system of standardized record-keeping. Tables cover program input in the form of clinical facilities, medical and paramedical services, and the delivery of contraceptive methods by family planning programs and community-based distribution systems. Charts on program output include information on acceptor characteristics, numbers of new and continuing acceptors, numbers of voluntary sterilizations, and percentages of other methods in use.
[Family planning: Organization, experiences, suggestions] Familienplanung: Organisation, Erfahrungen, Vorsclage.
In: Staemmler, H.-J., ed. Geburtenplannung. Statistik, Erfahrungen und Konsequenzen. (Birth control. Statistics, experiences and results.) Stut tgart, Georg Thieme Verlag, 1974. p. 81-85The activities of Pro Familia, the West German Society for Sexual Co unseling and Family Planning, are described. The Society participates in the activities of many international organizations of medical and social interest as a member of the International Planned Parenthood Federation. In Germany, Pro Familia offers courses for physicians, counselors and day people, and a variety of educational progrmas for all ages. Physicians working with Pro Familia receive a 5-day training course, and are encouraged to complete deficient aspects of their education in sexuality, family planning, and reproduction. The Society maintains 45 centers and several mobile units to carry programs to underprivileged neighborhoods. The age of clients has declined steadily from a minimum of 16 5 years ago to 13-14 years now; 12-year-olds are sometimes seen. Help is sought not only in questions of fertility and contraception, but also in marital, sexual, and emotional problems of all types.
[Unpublished] 1973 Jul. 20 p.The booklet provides an introduction to Indonesia's national family planning program, and summarizes USAID's assistance to this program. Data are included on the following topics: 1) demographic and economic synopsis; 2) population projections, 3) distribution of land and people, 4) age-specific fertility, 5) family planning program economic benefits, 6) legislative history of family planning, 7) Indonesian family planning structure, 8) major Government and donor program activities, 9) IDA/UNFPA joint project, 10) program results 1971-1973, 11) new acceptor s' characteristics, 12) program impact, 13) program financial resources, 14) USAID population program assistance 1968-1973 -- its primary components and a program description.(AUTHOR'S, MODIFIED)
Singapore, 1972 (xi). 60 pThis report presents a detailed analysis of the demographic situation in Singapore, tracing trends in birthrates, fertility rates, and population growth. Family planning services available during 1970 are thoroughly explored, including their funding, birth control methods, and organization and administration. Detailed analyses are given of acceptors of birth control methods by method accepted as well as by acceptor characteristics such as age, parity, education, and race. The Family Planning and Population Board recruited 162,485 acceptors between 1966 and 1970. During that period there was a dramatic decline in the crude birthrate, which was 28.6/1000 in 1966 and 22.1/1000 in 1970. Fertility continued to decline in all age groups and in all ethnic groups during 1970.
IPPF Situation Report, September 1972. 7 pHong Kong, with 3858 people/sq km, is 1 of the world's most densely populated areas. Family planning was introduced in 1936 by the Hong Kong Eugenics League and 5 clinics were operating by 1940. The Family Planning Association (FPA) was formed in 1950 and was a founder member of IPPF in 1952. Interest in family planning increased as massive immigration from China added to overcrowding. The government supports FPA (in 1972 the grant was U.S.$254,545) and houses 80% of the FPA clinics in government properties. At present there are 46 female clinics providing 189 sessions per week and 2 male clinics operating eac h week. The decline from 54 to 48 clinics is due to the new emphasis on full-time rather than part-time clinics. In 1971 there were 347,894 attenders, an increase of 18% over 1970, and 31,898 new acceptors, an increase of 4%. There has been continued increase in the number of patients requesting oral contraceptives (70.6% in 1971). The IUD began to decline after bad publicity surrounded a large number of loops which had broken in the uterus; in 1971 only 6% of acceptors asked for IUDs. Condoms account for 11.5% and injectables, 3.6%. FPA offers subfertility and marriage guidance services and is extending its Papanicolaou smear service. An active media campaign, exhibitions, and seminars are conducted. Until 1967 fieldwork consisted of random home visits. An efficiency study led to concentration on maternal and child health clinics, postnatal clinics, and follow-up home visits. Home visi ts are still made on request. A number of international trials for various contraceptives have been run in Hong Kong. Many church and international organizations are helping to finance family planning activities, both through FPA and through their own organizations.
London, International Planned Parenthood Federation, September 1966. 102 pThis report is based on questionnaires answered by 43 family planning associations in 42 countries. Most of the questions concerned the year 1964, which is considered the end of a chapter in family planning: It was the year before the loop and the year before the world woke up to the implications of family planning. The questionnaire and report cover 4 broad areas: 1) sources of income, 2) types of publicity, 3) clinic structure and personnel, including the usefulness of mobile vans, and 4) family planning methods available at clinics (their advantages and disadvantages, the type of patient, and methods of recruitment). Among the findings is that the amount of help an association is likely to get from outside sources varies directly with the status it holds in its own country. IPPF was the greatest source of outside training. Associations were particularly interested in training that emphasized the IUD and health and sex education. In publicity, religious and political factors were the most important influences. In addition, the amount and type of publicity depended upon money and on multiple-language problems, illiteracy, and the availability of the mass media. Most patients came from urban areas and belonged in the middle of the socioeconomic stratum. Figures showed that many new patients accepted foam tablets and vaginal foam, but that oral contraceptives and IUDs seemed to be the wave of the future.
Country Profiles, July 1970. 8 pFamily planning programs in Malaysia are firmly backed by government policy based on the Family Planning Act of 1966. The estimated population at the end of 1968 was 10 million. The country has a growth rate of 2.8%, a birthrate of 35.2, a death rate of 7.5, and per capita income of U.S.$1056, 1 of the highest in Asia. While the government provides budgetary support, the National Family Planning Board is able to function independently and receives cooperation from a number of Ministries. A strong voluntary Family Planning Association which has existed for many years continues to provide services and cooperates with the government program. The population is highly motivated, and all 3 major ethnic groups accept family planning services. Informational and motivational efforts are being advanced with the setting up of Regional Information Offices staffed by a full-time Information Officer and equipped with vehicles and audiovisual materials. The country's demographic characteristics, socioeconomic development, organization and administration of population programs, research and evaluation, the private sector, educational efforts, and foreign assistance are described.