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  1. 1
    272824

    Planning for the future with people.

    Kenya. Programmes for Better Family Living

    n.p., U.N. Fund for Population Activities, and Food and Agriculture Organization, 1974? 29 p

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  2. 2
    073669

    Youth, population and development.

    United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]

    New York, New York, UNFPA, [1991]. [3], 16 p. (Programme Advisory Note)

    This report explains that a comprehensive strategy is needed to meet the reproductive health needs of young people and to facilitate their participation in development. Out of a world population of 5.3 billion people, 1.5 billion are between the ages of 10 and 24 years. 82% of these young people live in developing countries. And with the total fertility of developing countries at 4.0, the number of young people will continue to increase. Developing countries already face enormous problems in providing education and employment to these young people. The report identifies the issues that are involved in youth, population, and development, such as reproductive health information, family planning services, population distribution and urban migration, and sustainable development. The report also provides examples of UNFPA-funded youth projects. A program in Thailand, for example, aims to raise contraceptive awareness among adolescents in school. The outcome of these projects indicates the need fora comprehensive strategy that takes into account the following: 1) developing and implementing youth policies, plans, and programs; 2) carefully targeting IEC activities to specific audiences; 3) strengthening maternal and child health/family planning services for young people, including unmarried youth; 4) improving the status of young women; 5) increasing the involvement of men in family matters, especially family planning; 6) complementing other development activities that have wide-range impact; and 7) using nongovernmental organizations to help empower young people.
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  3. 3
    051918

    UNFPA intercountry project progress report (PPR): UNFPA project no. RAS/85/PO8. Project title: DTCP assistance to UNFPA programmes. For the period from 1 July 1987 to 31 December 1987.

    Assifi NM

    [Unpublished] [1988]. 15, v, [10] p.

    Activities and accomplishments of an UNFPA-funded regional project in the Asia and Pacific region are described in detail. For the period July-December, 1987, the project assisted regional activities, supporting and backstopping services to 20 UNFPA country projects in the region. Specifically, the project helped develop and review projects, conduct workshops and training courses, arrange fellowships and study tours, and procure equipment and supplies for country projects. Publications presenting project experiences were reprinted and distributed, and a computerized master workplan for project monitoring was completed. 7 missions to Bangladesh, China, Indonesia, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Nepal, India, and Vietnam were also undertaken by the Project Regional Manager. The full-time advisor available to serve country projects is a development support communication expert to population and family planning projects, who also coordinates technical inputs from UNDP/OPE/Development Training and Communication Planning (DTCP) teams to the country projects. This advisor has been provided with an assistant. Rigid, time-bound workplans considered impractical, each country program has a systematic workplan for its operations. The project is progressing extremely well, and has improved the coordination of technical assistance from the DTCP team, as well as the working relationships between country offices, UNFPA headquarters, and the DTCP.
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  4. 4
    050909

    [Annual report of activities 1987] Informe anual de actividades 1987.

    Fundacion Mexicana para la Planeacion Familiar [MEXFAM]

    Mexico City, Mexico, MEXFAM, 1988 Feb. [2], 10 p.

    During 1987 the Mexican Federation for Family Planning (MEXFAM) continued developing its programs following the same orientation as in the previous year, but at a slower pace intended to achieve a greater degree of consolidation. A permanent mechanism for qualitative evaluation was arranged with the Mexican Institute for Social Studies, an external organization. Work was initiated in 4 new states, bringing the total to 26 of Mexico's 32 states. Activities were suspended in Yucatan because new information revealed that fertility rates were relatively low. MEXFAM does not seek to provide massive family planning coverage but rather to act as a catalyst for family planning activities. MEXFAM is expanding its program of "community doctors", in which it assists young medical school graduates to establish practices in underserved urban areas. In a similar program, "affiliate doctors", physicians already established in their communities, receive technical assistance and materials to begin offering family planning services. During 1987, MEXFAM initiated the "Young People" program to provide sex and family planning education to young people under 20 in schools, clubs, and recreation centers. Various films were made to provide sex education to the Young People program. They were well received in Mexico and some were broadcast in other countries. In 1987, 382,328 new users were served, compared to 174,634 in 1986. 73% of the new users were in MEXFAM programs and the rest were in collaborative programs. Mexico's deteriorating economic situation in 1987 was reflected in increasing resource scarcities for public health organizations. The broad geographic distribution and remoteness of some MEXFAM programs pose a serious challenge for control and supervision. Programs have been grouped into logistic centers with responsibility for supervision assigned on a regional basis. MEXFAM is making great efforts to improve its record system, adapt it to International Planned Parenthood Federation requirements, and make it compatible with the Ministry of Health record system. A certain amount of confusion is anticipated in 1988 as workers become accustomed to new record formats. User payments are the main source of local revenues for MEXFAM. Given Mexico's poor economic situation, the prospects for an increase in local donations are poor, but efforts to raise funds locally are continuous. 4 new external donors were added in 1987. The International Planned Parenthood Federation continues to be the main source of funds. 87% of MEXFAM funds were directly spent on projects and 13% on administration and general services in 1987.
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  5. 5
    062026

    [The role of UNFPA in the population program in Tunisia] Le role du FNUAP dans le programme population en Tunisie.

    Amiot M

    In: Medecine, sante des femmes, edited by Lilia Labidi. Tunis, Tunisia, Hopital d'Enfants, Unite de Pediatrie Preventive et Sociale, 1988. 35-7. (Premieres Journees Aziza Othmana)

    The UN Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) was created almost 2 decades ago as an independent technical agency of the UN focusing on population problems defined in a broad sense. There are some 20 autonomous offices around the world whose functions are to assist national governments in population activities, especially in the area of control of demographic growth. At present there are offices in Tunisia, Morocco, and Algeria. The UNFPA is completely dependent on the financial contributions of member nations for funding of national population programs and activities. 2/3 of UNFPA funds are earmarked for a group of high priority nations having urgent population problems and insufficient revenues for solving problems without assistance. The main area of intervention encouraged by the UNFPA is basic health care for women and children and family planning.. Other projects promote population education, improvement of vital statistics and population data, and IEC programs especially to encourage parents in isolated areas to utilize maternal-child health and family planning services. The UNFPA is increasingly active in assisting governments in administration and financial management. A particular effort is underway in Tunisia and elsewhere to provide better health care for women and children in rural areas. Attempts are being made to train health workers locally instead of in cities in the hope of retaining their services in the rural areas. A series of recommendations made at a conference on women, population, and development held in Abu Dhabi in 1986 in the areas of health, education, employment, and research were relevant to UNFPA activities. The recommendations included providing and promoting quality health services, raising the age at marriage, training women themselves in good health and nutrition practices, requiring universal primary education, providing equal pay for equal work, and conducting research in the roles and status of women including their legal aspects.
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  6. 6
    046452

    The educational activities of the ILO Population and Labour Policies Programme.

    International Labour Office [ILO]

    Geneva, Switzerland, ILO, 1986 Jan. 83 p.

    The educational activities of the International Labor Organization's (ILO) Population and Labor Policies Program was launched in the early 1970s. It's spectrum includes: promotion of information and education activities devoted to population and family planning questions at various levels, particularly by means of workers' education, labor welfare, and cooperative and rural institutions' programs; policy- oriented research on the demographic aspects of measures of social policy in certain fields, such as employment and social security; and efforts to stimulate participation by social security and enterprise- level medical services in the promotion of family planning. At the outset, the ILO explored the demand for and feasibility of educational activities in selected countries. Slowly, the concept of an ILO population-oriented program developed, and regional labor and population teams were established. At the next stage, regional advisers extended their activities to the national level. Project descriptions are included for the countries of India, Jordan, Kiribati, the Republic of Korea, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Hong Kong, Jamaica, Nepal, Congo, Zambia, and the Philippines.
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  7. 7
    048153

    New approaches to Family Planning Programme.

    POPULATION EDUCATION NEWS. 1987 May; 14(5):6-9.

    Population education incentives, voluntary action, community participation, and improved program management are 5 family planning areas recently redefined by the government of India. Population education, integrated with the educational system, is important in influencing fertility behavior. The Adult Education program, and the nonformal educational system will be strengthened, with aid from UNFPA. Incentives, which are presently available to government employees, will be increased. Economic incentives, rural development program incentives, and insurance, lottery, and bond incentive schemes are being considered. Voluntary organizations will be encouraged to work in the family welfare sphere, and organized sector units will be urged to provide family welfare services to their employees. Cooperatives, which cover 95% of villages, will be used as a means of educating, motivating, and communicating population control objectives on the local level. Tax incentives will be offered to the corporate sector for providing integrated family welfare services. Community participation, which is crucial to the success of the programs, will be addressed on several levels. Popular committees, youth and women's groups, and medical students will increase community involvement through various means. In addition, political and community leaders will be involved in motivational work, and a village Women's Volunteer Corps is planned. Social marketing of contraceptives, although fairly extensive for the last 15 years, leaves much to be desired in creating a large demand. A marketing board will be created to ensure aggressive marketing, advertising, and promotion, with expansion to include oral contraceptives. Reorganization and reorientation toward modern program management will be undertaken, so that policy, planning, implementation, review, and evaluation are carried out efficiently. At the state, district, and the block level, more effective coordination is the goal, as well as strengthening the District Family Welfare Bureau.
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  8. 8
    054773

    Health-related population issues: report of a study group, Brazzaville, 7-9 October 1985.

    World Health Organization [WHO]. Regional Office for Africa

    Brazzaville, Congo, World Health Organization [WHO]. Regional Office for Africa, 1985. vi, 78 p.

    This is a report from a meeting held to consider questions relating to the implementation of family planning as part of integrated services with maternal and child health programs. The geographic focus is on Africa. Consideration is given to nutritional and ecological problems, women's roles in family planning programs, education and communication in family planning, and WHO's program of research in human reproduction. (ANNOTATION)
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  9. 9
    034829

    Annual report 1984.

    Planned Parenthood Federation of America [PPFA]. Family Planning International Assistance [FPIA]

    New York, New York, FPIA, 1984. 258 p.

    This report summarizes the work of Family Planning International Assistance (FPIA) over the past 13 years, with emphasis on calendar year 1984. A brief overview provides data on 1984 project assistance of all types, followed by greater detail in 3 regional reports for Africa, Asia and the Pacific, and Latin America, a report of interregional projects, program management information, and fiscal information. Each regional report contains an overview, a table showing the value and composition of FPIA assistance by calendar year for 1972-84, and discussions of project assistance, commodity assistance, special grants, and invitational travel. A series of tables in each regional report provides data on the number of active projects by country and calendar year; the number of projects, grants, and modifications awarded by year, classification of current projects in the region; the dollar value and quantities of commodities shipped in 1984 and cumulatively, quantities of selected commodities shipped by calendar year, and commodity assistance to nonproject countries. Country reports within the regional reports provide information on project and commodity assistance for 26 countries in Africa, 17 in Asia and the Pacific, and 12 in Latin America. FPIA programming reached a new high of $18.0 million in project and commodity assistance in 1984, with 118 projects in 37 countries receiving $7.2 million in direct support and 240 agencies in 73 countries receiving $10.6 million in commodity shipments. The cumulative value of FPIA assistance since 1972 totals over $120 million. 1984 project and commodity assistance respectively totalled $2,526,609 and $3,359,158 for Africa, $1,518,908 and $2,645,485 for Asia and the Pacific, and $3,008,663 and $4,560,958 for Latin America, in addition to $184,385 and $12,568 for interregional assistance. The total volume of FPIA assistance between 1972-84 was $19,796,746 for Africa, $46,345,512 for Latin America, $49,354,682 for Asia and the Pacific, and $4,505,798 for interregional assistance. Between 1972-84, FPIA has provided totals of $558,426 for special grants, $784,138 for invitational travel, $57,978,856 for commodity assistance, and $60,681,288 for project assistance. 36% of cumulative commodity assistance has been for condoms, 42% for pills, 8% for other contraceptives, 10% for medical equipment and supplies, 3% for IEC, and 1% for other things. 41% of FPIA assistance has gone to Asia and the Pacific, 39% to Latin America, 16% to Africa, and 4% to interregional programs.
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  10. 10
    033650

    IPPF/UNESCO Experts Meeting on Clearing House Facilities for Audio-Visual Aids and Teaching Materials, 20th - 23rd October, 1971, IPPF, London, S.W.1. Background paper.

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]

    [Unpublished] 1971. [33] p.

    Significantly for this International Planned Parenthood Federation/UNESCO Meeting on Clearing House Facilities for Audiovisual Aids and Teaching Materials, the proportion of work and of funding devoted to education, information, and training is steadily increasing. Program activities in need of audiovisual aids and teaching materials include: components designed to motivate people to practice family planning and to persuade opinion leaders to support program objectives (face-to-face communication and mass media outlets); training courses; and the education of government officials, opinion leaders, the community, young people both in and out of school, and family planning acceptors. Discussion of the present state of clearing house facilities for audiovisual aids and teaching materials covers the following: UN agencies, government activities, nongovernment organizations. UNESCO, WHO, FAO, ILO, AND UNICEF have services in audiovisual materials, including the production and distribution of films, photographs, and printed materials. These services illustrate the broad areas of activity of each agency and until the present time family planning and population problems have not featured very prominently in these materials. Many of them are used extensively in family planning programs because they demonstrate the health and socioeconomic development aspects to which family planning is related. Materials produced by the specialized agencies circulate through regional and national offices and are at the disposal of other agencies for loan usually without charge. Donor governments vary in the emphasis they place on educational materials. The Population Council is a nongovernmental organization which has been particularly active in the past in the production and distribution of audiovisual aids and teaching mterials. Among the universities, the Carolina Population Center has established an educational materials unit which produces audiovisual aids for use at home and overseas. The IPPF houses a rapidly growing collection of films, slides, and filmstrips, printed materials, nonprojected aids, and models relating to family planning motivation, training, population, and sex education. Some factors to be taken into account in considering the feasibility of establishing an international clearing house for audiovisual aids and teaching materials include: means of assessing levels of expressed demand; possibility of stimulating demand for audiovisual aids and teaching materials in family planning information and education programs; possiblity of promoting knowledge and understanding of the proposed clearing house at all levels of operation; extent of personnel equipped and trained to utilize audiovisual aids and teaching materials; adaptability of materials to local situations; desirability of a central, regional, or combination structure; and funding. Factors to be considered in formulating a blueprint for an international clearing house include: scope of materials to be handled by clearing house; problems inherent in identification and collection of materials; need for services to support circulation of materials; international transportation of materials; storage; need for a reporting system and evaluation; and policy with regard to meeting clients' equipment requirements and to payment by client.
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  11. 11
    021229

    Report of the evaluation of UNFPA assistance to the National Family Planning Program of Mauritius.

    Smith TE; Vansintejan G; Varky G; Wright N; McWilliam JA

    New York, United Nations Fund for Population Activities, March 1979. 155 p.

    Report of a United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) independent evaluation of UNFPA-funded family planning activities carried out by the National Family Planning Programme of Mauritius. The activities being evaluated were set out in the agreement between the UNFPA and the Government of Mauritius on 2 December 1970. The evaluation is based on the following aspects of the program: implementation, delivery of family planning services, training of personnel, information and education activities, and self monitoring and evaluation. The evaluation was undertaken as part of a request by the Government of Mauritius for a renewal of assistance. The consultants found that the Mauritius Family Planning Programme has been "essentially successful," with 60% of couples at risk participating in the program. However, it is not expected that the goal of 1.12 gross reproduction rate will be met by 1987. A number of recommendations are made, but no major redesign of the program is recommended.
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  12. 12
    010323

    Assistance to the Government of Mexico: support to the national programme of sex education. Proposed projects and country agreements--recommendation by the Executive Director.

    United Nations Development Programme [UNDP]

    [Unpublished] 1976 Apr 28. 6 p. (DP/FPA/5/Add. 9)

    Population growth in Mexico is proceeding at a fast pace; at the current rate of growth of 3.3% between 1970-75, the population will double in 22 years. In response to this quick growth, Mexico enacted, in 1973, a general population law marking the beginning of a new demographic policy. The aim of the law is to modify the growth and distribution of the population in order to prevent the dilution of development efforts. Furthermore, the general population law calls for the creation of a National Population Council (CONAPO) to coordinate population activities. Under their supervision, sex education programs are being introduced and integrated. Other agencies have also been involved in the efforts to organize and integrate sex education activities and programs. The UN Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) has increased its assistance to the Mexican government. Various projects and the funding allocated for them are briefly reviewed. UNFPA has supported a national program of sex education for 4 years (1976-79) to be implemented by CONAPO with the assistance of the UNDP. This program is part of the framework of the national population education program in Mexico, and uses 4 main channels to implement the educational, training, and information activities of the program: 1) official organizations, 2) private popular organizations, 3) CONAPO's own population communication programs, and 4) private health and welfare organizations. The longterm objectives of the program are to promote changes in attitudes toward sexuality and reproductive behavior. The immediate objectives include designing sex education curricula to be incorporated into the school system, to train teachers in sex education, and to create a training program in sex education at the university level. Funds are being provided from a number of sources, among them the government of Sweden. It has been proposed that a national expert on population serve as the project director. It is planned that the project will finance publications as well. The UNFPA will monitor, review, and report on the project to ensure its attainment of goals. This document presents a breakdown of the total external contribution for the 4-year program to cover experts, local personnel, subcontracts, training, and equipment supplies for a grand total of over U.S.$2 million. The government contribution for the total period 1976-79 is U.S.$22,583,600.
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  13. 13
    264484

    Integrated programmes in IPPF.

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]. International Office. Programme Development Department

    London, IPPF, Aug. 1981. 26 p.

    An overview of the integrated approach, including its history and types of services with which family planning has been integrated. The following broad categories of integrated approaches to family planning are described: 1) family planning/maternal and child health; 2) the family-centered approach; 3) the community development approach; 4) family planning integrated with education and training. A summary of project examples within each category is also given. Several questions and issues are explored, including 1) does family planning lose priority in an integrated context? 2) integration with which other services? 3) can integrated projects be replicated? 4) how can integrated projects be evaluated? 5) how can community participation be stimulated? Many widely varying approaches have been taken to integrating family planning with other social development efforts at the community level. Each option has its strengths and weaknesses, but the general experience has been positive. IPPF's commitment to the integrated approach is documented in an appendix.
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  14. 14
    264061

    Impact of population assistance to an African country: Department of State, Agency for International Development. Report to the Congress by the Comptroller General of the United States

    United States. Comptroller General

    U.S. General Accounting Office. Comptroller General, Washington, D.C., United States, 1977. (ID-77-3) v, 65 p.

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  15. 15
    091166

    People without choice: report of the 21st Anniversary Conference of the International Planned Parenthood Federation.

    ABEL-SMITH B

    London, IPPF, 1974. 68 p.

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  16. 16
    260630

    IPPF-IOR fact booklet 1975: facts and figures on population and family planning programmes; India, Iran, Nepal, Pakistan, Colombo, Sri Lanka, IPPF-IOR.

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]. Indian Ocean Region

    Colombo, Sri Lanka, IPPF-IOR, 1975. 56 p.

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  17. 17
    260030

    The role of the I. P. P. F.

    CADBURY< GW

    In: International Planned Parenthood Federation Western Pacific Region Regional Conference, Seoul, May 1965: Proceedings. n. p. , IPPF, Western Pacific Region, 1965? pp. 1-7

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  18. 18
    762151

    Corporate clinics take on a new role.

    Soriano MB

    Initiatives in Population 2(1): 28-35. March 1976.

    The Philippines Department of Labor, in conjunction with the U.N. Fund for Population Activities, is sponsoring a pilot family planning program. The industrial program, supervised by the Labor Management Coordinating Council, aims at integrating family planning services into the health services or clinics of 1000 corporations with at least 200 employees within the 2-year period ending June 1977. Family planning seminars are conducted at 3 levels within the corporations and include training sessions for medical personnel. Companies have found that provision of family planning services is more economical in the long run than provision of family welfare services for employees and families.
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  19. 19
    734939

    The role of WHO in family planning programmes.

    Martin JF

    In: International Planned Parenthood Federation. Indian Ocean Region. ( IPPF/IOR). Population, development and the environment. Report of the proceedings, Bombay, December 9-15, 1972. Bombay, IPPF/IOR, (1973). p. 59-67

    The World Health Organization believes it has the expertise to make a significant contribution to the development of family planning activities. Family planning services are seen as best provided in the framework of basically adequate health services and as an integral part of health services everywhere. The family planning related activities in which the World Health Organization has been involved increasingly over the past years are in the areas of research, training and service. In the research area, the organization is sponsoring an Expanded Program of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction for which about $5,000,000 have been made available to date by various sourc es. In the area of education and training, a worldwide effort to review and strengthen the curricula of all health professions, including auxiliaries, in family planning and population matters is being promoted. Finally, in the service area, the World Health Organization has been actively working for the past 25 years to develop Maternal and Child Health and other health services throughout many countries of the world. Additionally, the organization has recognized the importance of documentation and reference services for the development of education educajtion and training, and service in the family planning field by supporting the creation of Documentation Centers on human reproduction, family planning, and population dynamics. The World Health Organization has also sent advisory expert teams to evaluate family planning programs and to advise on their development in various countries of the world.
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  20. 20
    266210

    Reports of session 2.

    In: Rodrigues W, ed. The Third American Conference on Integrated Programmes [Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, August 17-20, 1982] Capri III. [Unpublished] 1982. 111-8.

    Group 1 analyzed the question: "How to organize the community and elicit people's participation?" The following items were identified as priorities: 1) previous diagnosis of the community; 2) leadership identification; 3) identification of opposition to the programs; 4) formation of a planned and systematic voluntary action; and 5) selection of human resources. In spite of considering sources at the community, municipal, state, federal, and foreign levels, the group recognizes and advises priority and emphasis to the community as the agent of its own development and therefore all efforts should be made in order to make the maximum use of all available resources. In order to increase the available sources, it is important to reach the highest potentials from all community resources, and elicit the interentity integration besides promoting campaigns for collecting resources. Group 2 developed the Community Development Methodology Pattern in response to the question: "How to organize community and elicit people's participation?" The survey, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation of the community and program should be included. Funding can be obtained from international or national agencies, or derive from the community itself. However, the ultimate goal should be the self-financing of the program. In response to the question: "How to organize and elicit people's participation," Group 3 concluded that knowledge of the community, and frankness toward the community was of paramount importance. In order to motivate and educate the community, the strategies of dissemination and motivation must be set up, including the use of popular literature, and audiovisual materials. The development of human resources is a factor essential to any program. Training must cover the working team as well as the leaders and volunteers of the community. A part of the training process is the information and experience exchange meetings held by the participants of the different programs. Coordination with agencies concerned avoids duplication of efforts, program performance efficiency is improved, and each agency's role is clearly delineated.
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  21. 21
    266374

    Family Planning in the Gambia.

    Follis P

    Novum. 1983 May; (23):10-1.

    To encourage family planning, a mobile health clinic will be sent to a village when child clinics are held in the Gambia, so that women may receive family planning advice. All methods are used; the Pill is the most popular. There are around 3000 family planning acceptors. The Gambia Family Planning Association (GFPA) supplies condomes and pessaries were needed. The Association sells contraceptives to private doctors at a discount. Supplies are also available in hospitals. The average family has 6 children. Seminars on family planning have been held. The GFPA trains extension workers in family planning. The infant mortality rate is 217/1000 live births; 40% of the children die before the age of 5. Breastfeeding has been a problem. Many children are malnourished. The GFPA is staffed by 1 doctor; a senior nursing sister, a nursing sister, clinical assistants, and rural fieldworkers. There are 5 main clinics. The GFPA's staff teach family life education to schoolchildren. Planned parenthood/women's development projects are also taking place. The GFPA is largely funded by the IPPF.
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  22. 22
    027674

    Africa.

    Katongole R

    New York, N.Y., United Nations Fund for Population Activities [UNFPA] [1983] 54 p. (Population Profiles No. 20)

    This review traces how various population programs in Africa have evolved since the 1960s. Before the establishment of the United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) in the late 1960s, the efforts of private groups or non-governmental organizations in the areas of family planning, are highlighted. The vital contribution of private donors in facilitating the work of the Fund in Africa is given emphasis throughout the review. Early studies show that family planning activities in Africa, and governmental population policies fall into a definite pattern within the continent and that the distribution of colonial empires was a major determinant of that pattern. In most of Africa, the 1st stirrups of the family planning movement began during the colonial period. During the 1960s there was marked increase in the demand for family planning services. Lack of official government recognition and not enough assistancy from external sources made early family planning programs generally weak. The shortage of trained personnel, the unsureness of government support, opposition from the Roman Catholic Church to population control, and the logistics of supplying folk in remote rural areas who held traditional attitudes, all posed serious problems. The main sectors of the Fund's activities are brought into focus to illustrate the expansion of population-related programs and their relevance to economic and social development in Africa. The Fund's major sectors of activity in the African region include basic data collection on population dynamics and the formulation and implementation of policies and programs. Family planning, education and communication and other special programs are also important efforts within the Fund's multicector approach. The general principles applied by UNFPA in the allocation of its resources and the sources and levels of current finding are briefly discussed and the Fund's evaluation methodology is outlined. A number of significant goals have been achieved in the African region during the past 15 years through UNFPA programs, most prominently; population censuses, data collection and analysis, demographic training and reseaqrch, and policy formulation after identification of need. This monograph seeks to provide evidence for the compelling need for sustained commitment to population programs in Africa, and for continuing international support and assistance to meet the unmet needs of a continent whose demographic dynamism is incomparably greater than that of any other part of the world.
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  23. 23
    272963

    Final report, Project THA/78/P12--training and follow-up support of peripheral and primary health care workers.

    Thailand. Ministry of Public Health. Health Training Division

    Bangkok, Thailand, Ministry of Health, Health Training Division, 1982. 12 p.

    The Royal Thai Government adopted the policy of integrated primary health care and family planning services. Special attention was to be devoted to peripheral and rural areas which were underserved; Primary Heatlh Care (PHC) and Family Planning (FP) Service outlets were to be expanded into villages and FP component was to be incorporated into the training curricula of grass root level paramedical and voluntary health workers. THe objectives of the project were: strengthening of Health Training Division Infrastructure and coordination of various agencies involved in training and primary health care; training of junior sanitarians and family planning and health service personnel in rural areas; continuous follow up support of all training and PHC activities throughout the system from the central to local levels; integration of population and family planning notions into training curricula and improvement of self instructional packages/manuals. By December 31, 1981, all of these major objectives were realized. Problems encountered in implementing these activities included delay in receiving WHO funds and procurement of nonexpendable equipment. There were also problems in implementing the last 2 fellowships because of a lack of coordination between WHO and UNFPA. Provincial health authorities in charge of training health personnel often forgot to inform the Health Training Division (HTD) of their plans which caused a delay in evaluation. In the future, the project's immediate objectives should be more specific and if possible quantified; the computer services of the National Statistical Office should be used because of their existing program; due to financial reporting procedures set up by UNFPA, the activities that need prompt payment such as training courses, should not be set up during the 1st 2 weeks and should end before the last 2 weeks of the quarter. The number of research and evaluation studies under the Health Training Division should not be more than 3 per year. Impact is considered on HTD and RCPH (Regional Colleges of Public Health) and shows that a relief in shortage of personnel results in staff development and better medical services. Career ladders for junior workers, continuing education programs, and production of instructional media will be future goals.
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