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Research on the regulation of human fertility: needs of developing countries and priorities for the future, Vol. 2, Background documents.
Copenhagen, Denmark, Scriptor, 1983. 2 986 p.Volume 2 of papers from an international symposium starts with chapter 7--available methods of fertility regulation; problems encountered in family planning programs of developing countries. Natural family planning is discussed here, as well as contraceptives and male and female sterilization. Chapter 8 covers research problems with regard to epidemiological, service, and psychosocial aspects of fertility regulation. Family planning is stressed in this chapter. Chapter 9 discusses future methods of fertility regulation: progress in selected areas. New contraceptive agents are discussed, such as luteinizing hormone releasing hormone and its analogues, gossypol for men, and immunological methods of fertility regulation. Chapter 10 also discusses future methods of fertility regulation, but from the point of view of research needs and priorities as viewed by program directors and advisers. Views and research priorities of the Population Council, and the Indian Council of Medical Research are given. Research needs and priorities in China are discussed, as is the role of the World Health Organization's Special Program of Reseach, Development and Reserch Training in Human Reproduction. Lastly, chapter 11 covers the role of governments, agencies and industry in reseach on fertility regulation. The role of the Agency for International Development, the US National Institutes of Health; and the World Bank, among others, are discussed.
Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, 1983 Nov. 167 p.As the main instrument within WHO for promoting and coordinating international research and development relating to family planning, the Special Programme aims to improve the health status of the populations of developing countries by: devising improved approaches to the delivery of family planning care in the primary health care context; assessing the safety of existing methods of fertility regulation; developing new birth control technology; and generating the knowledge and technology required for the prevention and treatment of infertility. The 2nd and related objective of the Programme is to promote national self-reliance for research in family planning by collaborating with national authorities in building up manpower and facilities that will enable developing countries to plan and carry out research, adapt technology, and contribute fully to the advancement and application of science. The major topics under review are research and development, institution strengthening, dissemination of information, and relations with industry and patents. The chapter on research and development includes a discussion of: delivery of family planning care; current methods of fertility regulation; development of new methods such as new intrauterine devices, sterilization and birth control vaccines; infertility; and interagency coordination on biomedical research in fertility regulation.