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St. John's, Antigua, CFPA, 1987. 39 p.In the 1920s 1/3 of the children in the Caribbean area died before age 5, and life expectancy was 35 years; today life expectancy is 70 years. In the early 1960s only 50,000 women used birth control; in the mid-1980s 500,000 do, but this is still only 1/2 of all reproductive age women. During 1987 the governments of St. Lucia, Dominica and Grenada adopted formal population policies; and the Caribbean Family Planning Affiliation (CFPA) called for the introduction of sex education in all Caribbean schools for the specific purpose of reducing the high teenage pregnancy rate of 120/1000. CFPA received funds from the US Agency for International Development and the United Nations Fund for Population Activities to assist in its annual multimedia IEC campaigns directed particularly at teenagers and young adults. CFPA worked with other nongovernmental organizations to conduct seminars on population and development and family life education in schools. In 1986-87 CFPA held a short story contest to heighten teenage awareness of family planning. The CFPA and its member countries observed the 3rd Annual Family Planning Day on November 21, 1987; and Stichting Lobi, the Family Planning Association of Suriname celebrated its 20th anniversary on February 29, 1988. CFPA affiliate countries made strides in 1987 in areas of sex education, including AIDS education, teenage pregnancy prevention, and outreach programs. The CFPA Annual Report concludes with financial statements, a list of member associations, and the names of CFPA officers.
New York, New York, IPPF, WHR, . 40,  p.The 1986 Annual Report of the International Planned Parenthood Federation/Western Hemisphere Region (IPPF/WHR) documents the success of individual affiliates in providing well-managed family planning activities, improving the efficiency and effectiveness of services, and expanding program outreach through collaboration with other organizations. In 1986, new family planning associations were established in Haiti, Belize, and Venezuela. Innovative programs targeted at men were established in Colombia, Guatemala, and the Caribbean. In both Guatemala and Colombia, the number of vasectomy acceptors increased dramatically in 1986 as a result of male clinics that can dispel doubts and misconceptions associated with male sterilization and have convinced men who had heard of vasectomy and did not desire any more children to undergo the procedure. In the Caribbean, posters, pamphlets, and audiovisual materials bearing the message that fathers also plan their families have received a positive response from men. In Chile, the Dominican Republic, and the English- speaking Caribbean, a special effort has been directed toward the problem of adolescent pregnancy. Sex education courses in the schools, community distribution of educational materials, recruitment of adolescent peer counselors, and efforts to encourage teenagers to attend family planning clinics have formed part of this effort. Also in 1986, government support for family planning increased in the region. Argentina rescinded a 1974 law prohibiting family planning, Peru highlighted the centrality of family planning programs to achieving national development goals, and Brazil's social security system began to provide family planning services. The primary challenge for 1987 is to reach the 30 million couples in Latin America and the Caribbean who still lack access to family planning services.