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Synthesis of the expert group meetings convened as part of the substantive preparations for the International Conference on Population and Development.
POPULATION BULLETIN OF THE UNITED NATIONS. 1993; (34-35):3-18.As part of the preparation for the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development to be sponsored by the UN in Cairo, 6 expert groups were convened to consider 1) population growth; 2) population policies and programs; 3) population, development, and the environment; 4) migration; 5) the status of women; and 6) family planning programs, health, and family well-being. Each group included 15 experts representing a full range of relevant scientific disciplines and geographic regions. Each meeting lasted 5 days and included a substantive background paper prepared by the Population Division as well as technical papers. Each meeting concluded with the drafting of between 18 and 37 recommendations (a total of 162). The meeting on population, the environment, and development focused on the implications of current trends in population and the environment for sustained economic growth and sustainable development. The meeting on population policies and programs observed that, since 1984, there has been a growing convergence of views about population growth among the nations of the world and that the stabilization of world population as soon as possible is now an internationally recognized goal. The group on population and women identified practical steps that agencies could take to empower women in order to achieve beneficial effects on health, population trends, and development. The meeting on FP, health, and family well-being reviewed policy-oriented issues emerging from the experience of FP programs. The meeting on population growth and development reviewed trends and prospects of population growth and age structure and their consequences for global sustainability. The population distribution and migration experts appraised current trends and their interrelationship with development. In nearly all of the group meetings, common issues emerged. Concern was universally voiced for sustainable development and sustained economic growth, relevance of past experience, human rights, the status of women, the family, accessibility and quality of services, the special needs of subpopulations, AIDS, the roles of governments and nongovernmental organizations, community participation, research and data collection, and international cooperation.
London, England, IPPF, 1991.  p.This publication describes the accomplishments of the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), the world's largest voluntary family planning organization, during 1990-91. IPPF's works to promote family planning services internationally and to educate people and government on the benefits of family planning. The publication begins with a message from the organization's president, Dr. Fred Sai of Ghana, who tells of the dedication present among the members of IPPF. Sai also identifies some of the critical issues being faced by IPPF: the need to ensure quality care and increase the participation level of women in the organization's administration. Following the president's message, Secretary General Halfdan Mahler reviews some of the concerns faced by IPPF. As he explains, while the world now recognizes the need for family planning, financial contributions to population programs continues to lag. Other concerns include the need for strategic thinking and planning and the need to empower women. The publication also includes an overview of the following: awards presented by or received by IPPF; new publications begun by the organization; international events in which IPPF took part (the World Summit for Children and the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources); and list of IPPF volunteer meetings. Additionally, the report contains an overview of the accomplishments in the 6 IPPF regions: Africa, the Arab World, East and South-East Asia and Oceania, Europe, South Asia, and the Western Hemisphere. The report provides figures concerning the amount IPPF grants, the contraceptive prevalence rate, and the fertility rate of each member nation. Finally, the report contains IPPF income and expenditure figures.
New York, New York, New York University Press, 1991. xxiv, 464 p.This publication contains an UNFPA assessment of the accomplishments of population activities over the last 20 years. The world's leading multilateral population agency, UNFPA decided to conduct the study in order to identify obstacles to such programs, acquire forward-looking strategies, and facilitate interagency cooperation. The 1st section examines 3 categories of population activities: 1) population data, policy, and research; 2) maternal and child health, and family planning; 3) and information, education, and communication. This section also recognized 9 key issues that affect the success of population programs: political commitment, national and international coordination, the role of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and the private sector, institutionalization, the role of women and gender considerations, research, training, monitoring and evaluation, and the mobilization of resources at the national and international level. The 2nd section of the publication discusses population policies and programs in the following regions: sub-Saharan Africa, the Arab States, Asia and the Pacific, and Latin America and the Caribbean . Finally, the 3rd section provides and agenda for the future, discussing the significance of international efforts in the field of population, as well as pointing out the programmatic implications at the national and international levels. 2 annexes provide demographic and socioeconomic data for 142 countries, as well as the government perceptions of demographic characteristics for individual countries.