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  1. 1

    Global estimates for health situation assessment and projections, 1990.

    World Health Organization [WHO]. Division of Epidemiological Surveillance and Health Situation and Trend Assessment

    Geneva, Switzerland, WHO, 1990. v, 51 p. (WHO/HST/90.2)

    Some estimation of the magnitude of global health problems and trends is essential for the formulation of international health policies and strategies. Toward this end, in 1987, the World Health Organization published a document based on statistics available at the time on global health-related estimates. This document updates and refines the earlier report on the basis of more reliable data. State-of-the-art data are presented for 7 major categories: 1) demographic factors; 2) socioeconomic development; 3) general health problems (e.g., low birthweight, infant mortality, disability); 4) specific health problems (infectious and parasitic diseases, cancer, endocrine, metabolic, and nutritional disorders, anemia, mental and neurological disorders, circulatory diseases, respiratory diseases, occupational injuries and diseases, and oral health; 5) health-related issues (e.g., alcoholism, smoking, breastfeeding, and sanitation); 6) health services aspects (e.g., family planning, immunization); and 7) health resources (human resources, health expenditures, and pharmaceuticals). In most cases, statistics are presented for the 1985-90 period. It is emphasized in the introduction that, while these statistics provide orders of magnitude sufficient to support health policy planning, they lack the precision required for the formulation, implementation, and evaluation of disease-specific intervention strategies.
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  2. 2

    Not high cost, only cost effective.

    FAMILY PLANNING NEWS. 1994; 10(2):2.

    The World Bank is currently one of the world's largest financiers of family planning and reproductive health services with education and family planning figuring as two cornerstones of the organization's action plan on population. It directs approximately $200 million annually to family planning programs and $2 billion to those in education. Budgets for family planning are slated to increase by 50% over the next two years. The bank currently supervises more than 80 projects in 59 countries, at a cost of $1.3 billion. $17 billion has been estimated in the draft program of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development as required to hold world population at 7.8 billion by the year 2000. Contradicting naysayers, the president of the World Bank, Lewis T. Preston, argues that neither the goal nor the ability to appropriate the requisite funds is a pipe dream. Much of the money required can be generated by redirecting resources toward priorities and ensuring that they are used efficiently. Approximately $5 billion per year is spent on family planning in developing countries, less than 5% of military expenditures. A basic preventive healthcare package including maternal and child care services can be provided at an annual cost of about $8/person in the poorest countries, while providing education to girls at the same rate as to boys would cost just under $1 billion, 2% of annual education spending by the developing world.
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  3. 3

    Changing role of population non-governmental organizations in the context of increased public-financed population programmes.

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]

    In: Population policies and programmes. Proceedings of the United Nations Expert Group Meeting on Population Policies and Programmes, Cairo, Egypt, 12-16 April 1992. New York, New York, United Nations, 1993. 258-62. (ST/ESA/SER.R/128)

    Most governments have pledged to support population policies. Accordingly, allocations for family planning within health budgets have increased notably over the 1970s and 1980s. This paper encourages consideration of the potential role to be played by population nongovernmental organizations (NGO) in mobilizing family planning resources at a time when governments are actively devoting a greater share of health expenditure to family planning program. Sections discuss international funding targets and NGO capabilities with respect to mobilizing incountry resources, cost recovery and program sustainability, and their roles as advocates.
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  4. 4

    International consultation of NGOs on population issues in preparation of the 1984 United Nations International Conference on Population: report of the consultation.

    [Unpublished] [1984]. 83 p.

    196 individuals from 44 countries, representing national and international non-governmental organizations, bilateral agencies and intergovernmental organizations attended the consultation. The purposes of the consultation were: 1) to provide an overview of the contributions of non-governmental organizations to the implementation of the World Population Plan of Action through a wide range of population and population related programs carried out since the Plan was adopted in 1974; 2) to explore what non-governmental organizations believe needs to be done in the world population field during the balance of the century; 3) to prepare for participation in the January 1984 Conference Preparatory Committee meeting and in the Conference itself to be held in August 1984; and 4) to provide suggestions for activities of national affiliates relative to the 1984 Conference. This report provides a synopsis of the plenary sessions and their recommendations. Addresses by numerous individuals covered the following topics: the creative role of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in the population field; vital contributions of NGO's to the implementation of the world population plan of action; the family; population distribution and migration; population, resources, environment and international economic crisis; mortality and health; and NGO prospects for the implementation of the world population plan of action.
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