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  1. 1

    Falling short: the World Bank's role in population and reproductive health.

    Conly SR; Epp JE

    Washington, D.C., Population Action International, 1997. x, 66 p.

    This report examines World Bank activities in the field of population. It focuses on the following questions: "In policy discussions with borrower countries, to what extent is the Bank encouraging attention to the relationships between population dynamics and development and ensuring that population concerns are adequately addressed? To what extent is the Bank providing financial support to reproductive health programs, including family planning? How can the Bank expand lending for these programs, improve the effectiveness of Bank-financed projects and stimulate additional donor and national funding? [and] What capacity does the Bank have for providing expert advice with respect to the sound planning and effective implementation of reproductive health and family planning projects? How are current organizational changes affecting the Bank's work in both population and reproductive health?" (EXCERPT)
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  2. 2

    Donors Workshop - Victoria Falls Hotel, July 24-29, 1988. Plan Now for a Better Life.

    Zimbabwe. National Family Planning Council

    [Harare], Zimbabwe, ZNFPC, 1988. 91 p.

    The results of a workshop for the Zimbabwe National Family Planning Council and Donor Representatives are presented in this report. The workshop, in July of 1988, was held to create a system of dialogue, communication, and consultation among all the partners in family planning, including WHO, UNFPA, and the Zimbabwe National Family Planning Council. An improved understanding of the role, mandate, organization, and strategies of the funding organizations, as well as improving the effectiveness of coordinated efforts among the organizations, were prime objectives of the workshop. The present state of family planning in Zimbabwe, its organization and funding patterns, is outlined. The National Family Planning Council's 5-year development plans, with donor presentations and suggestions for amendments, are outlined. A review of the nature and volume of support is presented, along with a future needs assessment. The Youth Advisory Services proposal is explained in an appendix, and the report closes with a list of participants in the workshop.
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  3. 3

    Family planning in a changing world: an IPPF reappraisal.

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]

    London, England, International Planned Parenthood Federation, 1987. v, 57, [6] p.

    The present survey of the international environment in which the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF) operates shows many advances in family planning, in particular the strong commitment of most governments. But it also confirms that there is still an unmet need on a very large scale and in many countries the gap between knowledge and practice of family planning is striking evidence of the absence of services and of adequate motivation. The resurgence of opposition to family planning and the declining investment in contraceptive research are significant negative trends. A positive development of great importance to IPPF is the strong endorsement of the role of non-governmental organizations, and this represents a special challenge in the years ahead. Family planning associations (FPAs) retain, but could strengthen, their important role as advocates of family planning at the national level, now needed more than ever to counter new forms of opposition. Donors while anxious for FPAs to remain at the cutting edge, are in the main content with the contributions FPAs make as consumer-oriented, voluntary movements for family planning. The importance of IPPF for information, inspiration, and support is now more widely recognized among FPAs. IPPF's general principles include 1) human rights,2) a strong non-governmental role, 3) a voluntary movement, 4) autonomy and responsibility, 5) voluntary and informed choice, 6) advocacy, 7) improved service delivery, 8) increasing demand and practice, 9) meeting the needs of young people, 10) male involvement in family planning, 11) combining family planning with other development activities, 12) management training and program evaluation, 13) resource development at a local level, and 14) long-term planning.
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  4. 4

    1987 report by the Executive Director of the United Nations Population Fund. State of world population 1988. UNFPA in 1987.

    United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]

    New York, New York, UNFPA, 1988. 189 p.

    Of major significance to the United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA) in 1987 was the fact that the world's population passed the 5 billion mark in that year. Although population growth rates are now slowing, the momentum of population growth ensures that at least another 3 billion people will be added to the world between 1985-2025. This increasing population pressure dictates a need for development policies that sustain and expand the earth's resource base rather than deplete it. Successful adaptation will require political commitment and significant investments of national resources, both human and financial. It is especially important to extend the reach of family planning programs so that women can delay the 1st birth and extend the intervals between subsequent births. Nearly all developing countries now have family planning programs, but the degree of political and economic support, and their effective reach, vary widely. In 1987, UNFPA assistance in this area totalled US$73.3 million, or 55% of total program allocations. During this year, UNFPA supported nearly 500 country and intercountry family planning projects, with particular attention to improving maternal-child health/family planning services in sub-Saharan Africa. As more governments in Africa became involved in Family planning programs, there was a concomitant need for all types of training programs. Other special program interests during 1987 included women and development, youth, aging, and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). This Annual Report includes detailed accounts of UNFPA program activities in 1987 in sub-Saharan Africa, Arab States and Europe, Asia and the Pacific, and Latin America and the Caribbean. Also included are reports on policy and program coordination, staff training and development, evaluation, technical cooperation among developing countries, procurement of supplies and equipment, multibilateral financing for population activities, and income and expenditures.
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