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PEOPLE. 1992; 19(1):3-6.Marking the 40th birthday of the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF), Secretary-General Halfdan Mahler discusses the crisis facing the organization and calls for IPPF's moral reawakening. Examining the present conditions of the world. Mahler notes with frustration that crass materialism has enveloped the globe. During the 1980s, the economies of developing countries suffered badly. In addition, a vacuum of leadership has emerged, posing an obstacle to development. Development, says the secretary-general, means the actualizing of both the individual and society's potential. 3 rationales guide the family planning efforts of IPPF: development, health, and human rights. Evidence indicates that children in smaller families achieve higher social and economic levels than children in larger families, and that families, and that fewer children and birth spacing contribute to the well-being of mothers and children. The human rights rationale, explains mahler, implies the right to education about family planning and access to services. Opposition to family planning ignores the ethical dimensions of these 3 rationales. Unfortunately, says Mahler, some countries now seem to have retracted their commitment to family planning. It is this fact that brings a sense of urgency to the work of every Family Planning Association (FPA) and the IPPF. Unless IPPF and FPAs meet this challenge with determination, they risk the possibility of becoming irrelevant. Mahler explains that IPPF must engage in aggressive marketing of the characteristics that make family planning successful. Additionally, Mahler calls for a new pioneering role for IPPF that will bring about its moral reawakening. Mahler concludes by suggesting a vision of the future in which family planning has succeeded.
In: International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]. Male involvement in family planning: programme initiatives. London, England, IPPF, . 1-8.This introductory paper presents the rationale of male involvement in family planning. 4 major reasons are given: sociological factors point to the importance of male involvement in all stages of contraceptive acceptance; the 2nd reason relates to the role of men as decision makers in matters affecting marital and family life. Experience and research reveal that men's support of, or opposition to, their partner's practice of family planning has a strong impact onn contraceptive usage in many parts of the world. The 3rd reason relates to the limited contraceptive options available for men, which should not, however, deter from efforts at promoting male involvement in family planning. Finally, the 4th reason relates to the encouragement of a better relationship between men and women, through the acceptance of family planning as a joint and equal responsibility. IPPF encourages family planning associations (FPA) to develop and implement education and communication programs aimed at encouraging male support to women in their choice of contraceptive methods, taking on additional family and child rearing responsibilities and using men's leadership role in promoting family planning practice in their communities. A brief review of IPPF's achievements to data shows that there has been no dramatic change in the direction of IPPF's programs towards male-orientated activites; no surge of male clients demanding services. Nonetheless, the amount of fruitful discussion and debate is notable. Perhaps most significant is the stimulus given to activities in IPPF's African and Arab World Regions--2 of the world's most difficult areas in which to bring about male participation in family planning. The 1st 2 years of the IPPF 3-year plan (1982-4) can probably best be described as a period of stimulation and preparation for an accelerated thrust on the part of the Federation to bring about greater male involvement in family planning. Also mentioned here are examples of initiatives, at the FPA level, aimed at reaching and involving men both as acceptors and promoters of family planning. Finally, a number of issues and factors are raised as stimulating questions to guide future action aimed at achieving the Federation's objectives.
Humanist. 1983 Sep-Oct; 43(5):18-24, 34.The writer's purpose is to document why an American confrontation with the Vatican over its anti-family planning efforts is a prerequisite to removal of this obstruction. The role of the Roman Catholic Church is seen as an important factor in thwarting organized family planning efforts; it is a variable which must enter population scientists' search for the determinants of fertility. Reasons for which communication with the leadership of the Church will not occur are discussed. Among those is the introduction, under President Reagan, of an administration which is the most Catholic in American history. In addition, international agencies' "population moneys" are being spent for "general development" and not on family planning. It is argued that Catholics have been primarily responsible for propagating the strategy "development will take care of population growth". The decline of the world population growth control effort in the past couple of years has coincided with the activities of the Pope and his position that immoral contraception must be fought. It is claimed that until this stronghold on predominantly Catholic countries is reduced, and the Vatican's strong influence on international donor agencies is eliminated, very little improvement in world efforts to control population growth can be expected. The Vatican's control over governments in predominantly Catholic countries is illustrated by excerpts from a study by a Canadian sociologist who points out that the world is faced with Vatican imperialism to some extent. This article concludes that nothing significant is likely to happen in population control efforts until the United States confronts the Vatican on this issue as the weak governments of most nations would not survive such as effort.