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    084530

    Global population assistance report, 1982-1989.

    United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]

    New York, New York, UNFPA, 1991 Feb 1. [4], 90 p.

    Global population assistance is illustrated in the extensive tables and charts of this volume. Information is given by country and region, by donor commitments, and by expenditures during 1982-89. Previously published 1988 data is adjusted. The data reflect public accounts, which may not be accurate. The four most common accuracy errors are in variable definitions over time and place of what constitutes population assistance, the identification of a single function that is in fact a multiple function, variation in accounting time periods, variations in currencies and in fluctuating exchange rates, and variation in the ability of governments to manage public accounts. The revisions of the 1988 are done with assurance that the extent of total commitment is accurate. Reports that are released just after the end of the fiscal year are considered less accurate. The trends in assistance show expansion from only a few private foundations and the International Planned Parenthood Federation during the 1950s with selected donor support in a few developing countries to Nordic countries by the late 1950s giving support to Asian population assistance. Population technical assistance was formally a part of development assistance in 1966. Level of assistance worldwide has ranged from $100 million in 1967 (1985 prices) to over $10.4 billion (1985 prices) in 1985. The largest multinational donor is the UN Population Fund, which manages about 33% of world population assistance funds. Population assistance flows through three main channels (direct bilateral aid from individual donor countries, UN agencies, and nongovernmental organizations). Major developed country donors are 17 of the 18 members of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's Development Assistance Committee (DAC). 74% of total international population assistance in 1989 (valued at $561 million) was given by DAC donors plus the Soviet Union. Other contributions amount to 17% from World Bank loans, 5% from private foundations, and 4% from UN accounts. Norway, followed by the Unites States, and Finland contribute more than two cents per Overseas Development Assistance dollar. All regions receive substantial amounts, although the level per country varies. The largest sums go to large and poor countries.
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