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  1. 1
    339800

    IMAP statement on female genital mutilation.

    International Planned Parenthood Federation [IPPF]. International Medical Advisory Panel [IMAP]

    London, United Kingdom, IPPF, 2001. [3] p.

    This statement by IPPF focuses on female genital mutilation (FGM). It discusses the rates of FGM in different parts of the world, the typical age range, and describes the different classifications of FGM. It also touches on the health consequences as well as the roles of family planning associations (FPAs).
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  2. 2
    321945

    Family planning and the World Bank in Jamaica.

    King T

    In: The global family planning revolution: three decades of population policies and programs, edited by Warren C. Robinson and John A. Ross. Washington, D.C., World Bank, 2007. 155-174.

    In Jamaica, as in many countries, the pioneers of family planning were men and women who sought to improve the well-being of their impoverished women compatriots, and who perhaps were also conscious of the social threats of rapid population growth. When, eventually, population control became national policy, the relationship between the initial private programs and the national effort did not always evolve smoothly, as the Jamaican experience shows (see box 10.1 for a timeline of the main events in relation to family planning in Jamaica). A related question was whether the family planning program should be a vertical one, that is, with a staff directed toward a sole objective, or whether it should be integrated within the public health service. These issues were not unique to Jamaica, but in one respect Jamaica was distinctive: it was the setting for the World Bank's first loan for family planning activities. Family planning programs entailed public expenditures that were quite different from the infrastructure investments for which almost all Bank loans had been made, and the design and appraisal of a loan for family planning that did not violate the principles that governed Bank lending at the time required a series of decisions at the highest levels of the Bank. These decisions shaped World Bank population lending for several years and subjected the Bank to a good deal of external criticism. For that reason, this chapter focuses on the process of making this loan. (excerpt)
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  3. 3
    166838

    The active support of a movement to the cause of sexual and reproductive health.

    Confalone N

    Choices. 2001 Autumn; 6-8.

    In 2001, volunteers from 38 member Family Planning Associations (FPAs) of the International Planned Parenthood Federation European Network convened in Warsaw, Poland to discuss policies and strategies concerning advocacy. Apart from participating in international conferences, FPAs are also noted to take part in national initiatives such as the Parliamentarians' Project. The aim of this project is to hold governments accountable to the commitments made at the International Conference on Population and Development in 1994 and at the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing in 1995. FPAs at the Regional Council pointed out that to achieve results, it is necessary to invest in media campaigns and in communications.
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